Four soldiers killed in Niger Transcript 10/18/17 The Last Word with Lawrence O'Donnell

Guests: Al Franken, Walter Isaacson, Richard Painter

Show: THE LAST WORD WITH LAWRENCE O`DONNELL Date: October 18, 2017 Guest: Al Franken, Walter Isaacson, Richard Painter

LAWRENCE O`DONNELL, MSNBC HOST: Good evening, Rachel. Thank you for alerting the audience to that because as you alerted us all to this hearing that was coming this morning, that we all watched.

And Al Franken had said on this program once he had the time to digest the attorney general`s confirmation testimony that it was perjury. Said it was perjury. And here we come back today and I know you saw that litany that Senator Franken read off of the adjustments to Jeff Sessions` testimony to his story since his confirmation hearing.

RACHEL MADDOW, MSNBC HOST, TRMS: Yes. And Jeff Sessions today insisting to Senator Franken as far as he thinks, as far as he`s concerned, no surrogates for the Trump campaign met with the Russians. He doesn`t think it happened.

When he himself has now admitted that he`s one of the Trump surrogates who met with Russians during the campaign.

That shrug and response from the attorney general is going to end up being important and Senator Franken got that out of him today, too.

O`DONNELL: Yes. And one of the things that`s stunning to me about it just as a student of the Senate is Jeff Sessions used to be the chairman of that committee and former chairmen are treated like gods in those committees for the rest of their lives. No matter what they`re doing in that room. And this guy has had the roughest ride that any former chairman`s ever had appearing before his own committee again.

MADDOW: Well, you know, if you want to avoid that, good rule of thumb is if you lie to your colleagues, A, pretend it`s an accident and, B, say you`re sorry. And in this case, he`s done a little of the former, none of the latter. And I think it`s hard to face those people after you didn`t clean up, after you looked them in the face under oath and told them something that wasn`t true.

O`DONNELL: Yes, and I think we know how it`s playing with Senator Franken. I`m going to ask him how he thinks anyway it`s playing with the rest of his colleagues, including the Republicans, and see what he says.

MADDOW: Well done, well done. Thanks, my friend.

O`DONNELL: Thank you, Rachel.

Well, as we all know, Twitter is Donald Trump`s pulse. Twitter is the president`s clearest vital sign. Twitter tells us more accurately and more frequently than any other source what`s going through the president`s mind, what he cares about, and as importantly, what he does not care about.

On October 4th, that was Donald Trump`s deadliest day of combat as commander-in-chief. That was the day that four U.S. Special Forces soldiers were killed in action in Niger.

In the pre-Trumpian White House, the president of the United States would have known about that before "The New York Times". We can`t be quite so sure about that in the Trump White House but "The New York Times" knew about it and reported on it the day that it happened.

So, it should be safe to assume that the president was told about it the day that it happened. But there is no hint in what the president did and said that day that he knew about the death of those soldiers or was at least even thinking about the death of those soldiers.

"The New York Times" got a confirmation, formal confirmation of the death of three of those soldiers on the day it happened from Lieutenant Commander Anthony Falvo, who is the spokesperson for the United States Africa Command and that`s located in Germany.

So, the president had to know, right? I mean, he had to know. But on that day, the president did not say anything about those soldiers or about any soldiers serving in harm`s way. Twitter told us. Twitter told us what the president really cared about that day.

On that day, the president tweeted about what he called fake news and that was the NBC News report that the secretary of state had called the president a moron, a report that the secretary of state to this day has not denied. The president cared desperately about the moron story, about being called a moron, and he proved it on Twitter the very day that those four soldiers were killed.

The first three soldiers who were confirmed dead that day were Staff Sergeant Bryan Black, 35, Staff Sergeant Jeremiah Johnson, 39, Staff Sergeant Dustin Wright, 29. The body of a fourth soldier was not recovered for another two days. And when that body was recovered and Sergeant La David Johnson, 25, was confirmed killed in action, the president was still silent -- completely silent about that.

But during that time, the president was busy tweeting. He`s tweeting about the thing that is he very clearly cares about most. Like, genuflecting at football games. He was busy condemning NFL players who genuflect at football games and did not say one word condemning the killers of those four Special Forces soldiers.

The president didn`t say a word about those soldiers. Not one word. And it would be nice to be able to find something, anything in Donald Trump`s character and personality that would indicate that Twitter is not a look into the place where his soul should be.

It would be nice to be able to claim convincingly that the president`s failure to say a word about the loss of those four soldiers does not mean that he did not care about them. It would be nice. At a minimum, though, there is doubt about how much the president cared about the loss of those soldiers. And if something like this ever happened with any previous president, an awkward silence, an awkward, lengthy, longer than a week silence about the death of soldiers like that, that president would very likely be given some benefit of the doubt.

But Donald Trump lost the benefit of the doubt in this situation last year when he viciously attacked the parents of Captain Humayun Khan who was killed in action in Iraq heroically giving his life to save the lives of troops under his command. Donald Trump lost the benefit of the doubt in his very first days as a candidate for president when he demonstrated himself to be the most heartless human being who has ever mounted a candidacy for president and the most unqualified person in history to seek the job of commander in chief.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

DONALD TRUMP, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: He`s not a war hero.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: He is a war hero.

TRUMP: He is a war hero.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Five and a half years in POW camp.

TRUMP: He is a war hero because he was captured. I like people that weren`t captured, OK? I hate to tell you.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

O`DONNELL: Donald Trump on John McCain.

So, Donald Trump was suspect long before those four soldiers were killed in Niger. He was suspect as someone who does not really care about sacrifice of soldiers make, including John McCain`s five and a half years as a prisoner of war.

When Donald Trump says he prefers soldier who is don`t get captured, doesn`t that mean that he also prefers soldier who don`t get killed?

That is one of the sickening possible interpretations of what Donald Trump said about John McCain`s capture as a prisoner of war. A new book with essays from 27 psychiatrists and mental health professionals says that Donald Trump is a dangerous president because he does not share the normal range of human feeling. They find him to be such an extreme narcissist that he has no capacity to empathize with anyone`s suffering and that the only suffering he can feel is his own. And that his own suffering comes from a bottomless well of self pity.

And so, the human tragedy in the aftermath of two devastating hurricanes in Puerto Rico, to Donald Trump, becomes the tragedy of Donald Trump not being praised enough for what he`s done for Puerto Rico, not being praised for throwing paper towels at people.

And so, there`s a new round of public disgust on display tonight for the president of the United States for what appears to be another exhibition of what the psychiatrists have diagnosed in Donald Trump.

He made her cry. That is how Congresswoman Frederica Wilson described the president`s phone call to the widow of Sergeant La David Johnson. The congresswoman`s account of that phone call first became public last night during this hour. I was told about it in commercial breaks in this program and though I was told that other news networks were reporting the comments, I chose not to, because I wanted a confirmation from someone in Sergeant Johnson`s family, someone who could confirm that the family was upset and offended by what the president had to say.

Congresswoman Wilson is a Democrat. This could easily look like a partisan issue. I was reluctant to report that story as it was breaking news last night without more confirmation.

And so, we didn`t. It was my decision and we didn`t. Might not have been the right decision, but that`s how I made it, and I knew that if more confirmation were to come, we`d be talking about it tonight.

Congresswoman Wilson quoted the president as callously saying on the phone: He knew what he was signing up for but I guess it hurts anyway.

I guess it hurts anyway. That quote hurt Donald Trump and we know that it hurt Donald Trump. We know Donald Trump cared a lot about that quote because he very angrily tweeted about it this morning attacking Congresswoman Wilson.

Democrat congresswoman totally fabricated what I said to the wife of a soldier who died in action and I have proof. Sad.

There it is. There`s the proof -- of how much he cares about what he was quoted as saying to the widow of Sergeant Johnson. If he tweets, he cares. If he doesn`t tweet, he does not care.

And that was the president`s very first tweet about any one of those four soldiers who were killed in action. And that tweet came 14 days after they were killed in action. That tweet came two days after the president was asked by reporters why he had not yet said a single word about the four soldiers killed on the deadliest day of combat under Donald Trump as commander in chief. That tweet came two days after Donald Trump insisted that he is the only president who bothered to call families of soldiers killed in the line of duty, a lie that was immediately beaten back by NBC News Peter Alexander in the Rose Garden after the president said it on Monday.

And that very first tweet today making a reference to one of the soldiers killed in Niger was actually a tweet about the sad suffering of Donald Trump, suffering the false accusation that his phone call was hurtful to the widow of Sergeant Johnson and so this became the issue of the day in the Trump White House when the message was supposed to be about tax cuts, in a meeting with the members of the Senate Finance Committee.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

REPORTER: Mr. President, what did you say to Sergeant Johnson widow on the phone yesterday?

TRUMP: I didn`t say what that congresswoman said. Didn`t say it at all. She knows it. And she now is not saying it.

I had a very nice conversation with the woman, with the wife, who is -- sounded like a lovely woman. Did not say that the congresswoman said and most people aren`t too surprised to hear that.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

O`DONNELL: And at that point, the public argument could then be labeled as politician versus politician, although Congresswoman Wilson was not just any politician. She was a politician who knew Sergeant La David Johnson for most of his life through a mentorship program that she created in her district. She didn`t lose a family member when Sergeant Johnson was killed, but she did lose a loved one in combat, something Donald Trump has never experienced.

And then today, Sergeant Johnson`s mother told "Washington Post," President Trump did disrespect my son and my daughter and also me and my husband.

Sergeant La David Johnson was the father of two children and his widow is now pregnant with their third child.

Earlier today here on MSNBC, Ari Melber conducted an extraordinary interview with Sheila and Calvin Murphy, the mother and father of Army Specialist Etienne Murphy who was killed in Syria in May.

And to this day they have not received any acknowledgment of the loss of their son from the president of the United States. Not a phone call. Not a letter. Nothing.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

SHEILA MURPHY, LOST SON IN SYRIA IN MAY: So if that letter or that phone call could bring my son back, I would run from here on foot to Washington, D.C. to get that letter. But right now, it really doesn`t matter who did the greatest thing. What matters right now is that people remember my job. Specialist Etienne J. Murphy and all the other ones that are gone and those that are out there right now at this moment fighting for us, remember them.

I just want my child back. I just want my child.

This is what happens when people, our young people go over there to fight for a country that they love so much. We`re the aftermath. We`re the casualties of war.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

O`DONNELL: What we`re all feeling right now is empathy. We are not suffering what Sheila Murphy suffers. We can`t.

But she`s just communicated with us in a way that allows us, makes us feel some of what she has endured and we have no idea what Donald Trump would feel if he watched Sheila Murphy talk about the casualties of war. We have no idea if Donald Trump feels anything.

Dozens of psychiatrists who have studied his behavior for the last couple of years are convinced that Donald Trump feels nothing. They are convinced that the only thing Donald Trump would feel in listening to Sheila Murphy is sorry for himself, sorry for himself that news coverage like this is portraying him to be emotionally sub-human.

And what no one can point to, what no supporter of Donald Trump can point to is a shred of public evidence that Donald Trump cares about any pain that is not his own. There is simply no evidence that anyone`s description of their pain can reach Donald Trump, move him in any way.

The world is on edge tonight and every night of the Trump presidency because there is no public evidence that Donald Trump would be moved by the deaths of tens of millions of people who could be killed in North and South Korea if he launches a strike against North Korea. And there is no public evidence that Donald Trump has any emotional or moral inhibition about launching such a strike.

And there is no public evidence that Donald Trump can be moved even by the searing anguish of a Gold Star mother who Donald Trump has not bothered to call and who very clearly and absolutely does not care about hearing from Donald Trump.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

MURPHY: I dread the sun rise and I welcome the sunset because I`m hoping that as the sun sets, maybe I don`t have to deal with another sunrise, because my pain is just so great.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

MURPHY: My daughter-in-law, my grandchildren, my son, my daughter-in-law, they`re the casualties of war. Young people, those soldiers coming back with PTSD, they`re the casualties of war. So, it`s not really about --

(END VIDEO CLIP)

O`DONNELL: That was Sheila Murphy talking about the loss of her son, Etienne Murphy, in May in Syria. She`s not received a phone call or a letter from President Trump about the loss of her son.

Joining us now, John McLaughlin, former acting director of CIA and MSNBC national security analyst. Also with us, Jason Johnson, politics editor at theroot.com and an MSNBC contributor.

And, Jason, just want to begin with you and feel free to take any part of this story that you`d like to comment on.

JASON JOHNSON, MSNBC CONTRIBUTOR: There is -- there is no greater sacrifice that is made sort of an American history than by our soldiers who die and also the family that is support them.

There is no amount of phone calls or letters or anything from the president that can replace losing someone that you have loved, raised and brought together. And I go to sleep every night praying for a relative of mine who is over serving now.

That being said, the only small sliver of kindness or hope that some of these people can experience is being told by someone in official capacity their child`s life did not end in vain and the inability of this president to express consistent empathy, not driven by his own numbers, not driven by his own concerns, not because he was cajoled or shamed or forced into it, is just another searing example of his absolute inability to lead this country.

We judge our presidents, Lawrence, on basic things -- leadership, integrity, intelligence, competence. He`s failed on most things that any politician scientist has ever assessed the president on. But empathy is something that we don`t just expect from presidents. We expect from human beings.

And someone who is incapable of showing empathy in any and all circumstances is someone who`s not just unfit for the presidency but unfit for any capacity whether expected to interact with other human beings, let alone bringing solace or comfort.

O`DONNELL: John McLaughlin, what do you think we should be concentrating on in this story?

JOHN MCLAUGHLIN, FORMER ACTING CIA DIRECTOR: Well, I`ve been thinking about this story all day, Lawrence, as it`s unfolded. And I must say, this is a difficult story to assess and discuss because we`re talking here about the deepest of human emotions.

I think what deserves our focus here is really just the grief of these survivors. Anyone who`s led in my former agency at CIA over the last couple of dozen years has been to Dover, Delaware, any number of times to receive the remains of fallen officers. I mean, at the CIA, we`ve got 125 stars carved into the marble and more than a third of those have fallen since 9/11. So, it`s deeply felt.

So, I think the thing to concentrate on here is the need for the president and the nation to learn something from this. That is, to learn that when someone is experiencing the grief that`s the deepest grief anyone experiences, the grief that comes from the loss of a loved one, particularly in a war, that the only thing you can do is convey to them sincerely as possible your sympathy and your sharing of that grief. And that`s it.

You know, the president has this tendency to make things worse by bristling the way he did. He made this worse. The empathetic thing to do here would have been to just pick up the phone once this controversy broke, call this grieving widow and say, you know, ma`am, I`m sorry. If this was heard in a way that I didn`t intend it to be heard, I apologize. I`m sorry. This is what I meant.

And people would understand that. Because we`ve all -- I`ll bet there`s not a viewer out there that hasn`t struggled at sometime to find the words to console someone who is deeply grieving. So, that would have been the empathetic human thing for the president to do here today.

O`DONNELL: And, Jason, when you hear John McLaughlin say that, this simple notion of picking up the phone again and just saying, I`m sorry if I was misunderstood, it sounds so simple, so easy to do and as I was listening to John say it, so utterly inconceivable when the character on the scene is supposed to be Donald Trump.

JOHNSON: I mean, have we ever heard, Lawrence, Donald Trump really apologize for anything sincerely? But I think, also, even to go with what the other guest said, this speaks to the larger problem we have in this country in how we treat our soldiers.

They`re not toys. They`re not action figures. This isn`t G.I. Joe versus Cobra. They`re not -- they`re not just political pawns to be used to attack people and their patriotism.

I go back, you know, you had a wonderful montage at the beginning of Donald Trump when he made this comment, I don`t respect people that got captured. It`s not just the callousness of Donald Trump making that statement. It`s the people in the audience who laughed, who thought it was funny, the same people who will be out there now complaining about football players taking a knee, laughed and joked whether the president made fun of someone who was a POW for five years.

It`s the men and women who constantly scream and wear the flag but don`t want to pay more taxes to make sure that our soldiers receive education and health care and benefits when they get home. Our country needs a wake-up call about how we deal with war. Not just whether or not we should be fighting this war which we shouldn`t, but how we care for the men and women who come back. And this president is the epitome of the callousness and the disingenuous nature of which way too many Americans view combat from this country.

O`DONNELL: John McLaughlin, quickly before we go, on the president`s first full day in office as president, he was at the CIA headquarters. He was standing before that wall that you know so well there, that memorializes CIA officers lost in the line of duty and he never acknowledged that and talked in ways that were considered extremely irrelevant to the place that he was in, highly politicized ways, talking about his election victory and this sort of stuff, the typical shallow Trump comments.

This seems to be of a piece with this. This seems to be book-ended with that.

MCLAUGHLIN: You know, very much so, Lawrence. The president was basically being very political in what is the least political spot in what I think is the least political agency in Washington at a time when casualties there have accelerated in recent years.

It`s a sacred spot at that agency, and so, it is of a piece with that. And it`s almost as though he`s situationally unaware of where he is and what is required and I don`t think it`s the sort of thing that you say after the fact, oh someone should have told him. These are things that instinctively a president has to know.

O`DONNELL: John McLaughlin and Jason Johnson, thank you both for joining us tonight. Really appreciate it.

JOHNSON: Thank you, Lawrence.

O`DONNELL: Coming up, another tough hearing at the Senate Judiciary Committee today for Jeff Sessions. Senator Al Franken once again with the tough questions. Senator Franken will join us.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

LAWRENCE O`DONNELL, MSNBC ANCHOR: It has been rough going for Attorney General Jeff Sessions in the Senate Judiciary Committee ever since his confirmation hearing in January giving an answer to Senator Al Franken about his contacts with Russians in an answer that Senator Franken later judged to be perjury.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

O`DONNELL: Was Jeff Sessions response to you perjury?

AL FRANKEN, UNITED STATES SENATOR: It is hard for me to draw any other conclusion given the letter that he wrote.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

O`DONNELL: The Attorney General`s Defense against the perjury allegation has required him to revise his answers several times. Here`s how Senator Franken summarized those revisions today with Jeff Sessions once again in the witness chair.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

FRANKEN: First it was I did not have communications with Russians which was not true. Then it was, I never met with any Russians to discuss any political campaign which may or may not be true. Now, it`s I did not discuss interference in the campaign which further narrows your initial blanket denial about meeting with the Russians. Since you have qualified your denial to say that he did not "discuss issues of the campaign with Russians." What in your view constitutes issues of the campaign?

JEFF SESSIONS, ATTORNEY GENERAL: Well, let me just say this without hesitation that I conducted no improper discussions with Russians at any time regarding a campaign or any other item facing this country.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

O`DONNELL: Joining us now, Senator Al Franken from Minnesota, a member of the Senate Judiciary Committee. Senator, I didn`t hear an answer to that question you asked. i didn`t hear Jeff Sessions answer what constitutes a discussion of a campaign matters.

FRANKEN: no. I don`t think he was telling the truth when I questioned him in his confirmation hearing in January. I don`t think he was telling the truth today. I just want to make sure that everyone understands, this is not personal.

This is about the number one law enforcement officer in our country and whether he interfered with -- in any way to Russia interfering in our election. Actually, he did contradict himself earlier when he -- Pat Leahy asked him if he had talked with Kislyak of any of Trump`s policies and he said, I could have, yeah, maybe I did.

And, of course, policies, foreign policy in a campaign, those are positions in a campaign. That`s part of a campaign. And he kind of said, yeah, I could have, and Senator Leahy used actually the policies in the campaign.

O`DONNELL: And you`ve been now pursuing a moving target it seems with Attorney General for months over the substance of these conversations and now it seems to be as you said today the bar seems to have been lowered to collusion just simply the denial that there was no discussion of colluding with the Russians to interfere in the election.

FRANKEN: Yes. As I said, it changed. The goal posts change on this and now it`s I didn`t talk about interfering with the election. He also oddly today said that he didn`t think that any surrogates for the Trump campaign had talked with Russians. And so, I asked him, do you think General Flynn was a surrogate?

Do you think Paul Manafort was a surrogate? Do you think Jared Kushner was a surrogate? Do you think Donald Trump Jr. was a surrogate? So what he was saying today, just didn`t make sense.

O`DONNELL: There was also another point that Senator Leahy brought up about the Special Prosecutor`s Investigation, asking if he`s been interviewed by the special prosecutor. Let`s listen to that exchange.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

PATRICK LEAHY, UNITED STATES SENATOR: have you been interviewed by them?

SESSIONS: No.

LEAHY: You haven`t been interviewed by the special counsel in any way, shape or manner?

SESSIONS: The answer`s no.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

O`DONNELL: And, senator, we know that Jeff Sessions was involved in the President`s decision to fire James Comey. We also have reason to believe that`s part of the special prosecutor`s investigation so it would seem -

FRANKEN: Sure.

O`DONNELL: The day will come at some point the special prosecutor will want to talk to the Attorney General.

FRANKEN: Yes. And the Special Prosecutor will maybe ask him about some of the questions the way he answered some of the questions today and during his confirmation hearing.

O`DONNELL: The -- what about the proposition that Jeff Sessions keeps changing, adjusting his testimony in front of his old committee? used to be Chairman of that Committee and when you say it`s not personal I know you served with Jeff Sessions on that committee and had the kind of close contact that you do with your colleagues on a committee like that. And actually a great deal of friendliness that people might not see out there during the hearings. How is this playing with the rest of the committee and including to the extent that you can judge wit the Republicans?

FRANKEN: I don`t know. I think there`s some denial in -- on that side of the aisle. I think to us it`s pretty -- we`re very, very skeptical. I think your point about the Special Prosecutor, he is the one that`s supposed to get to the bottom of all of this and i hope that maybe this testimony today was useful to him and but we have a special prosecutor who will be taking care of this. you know, it is -- it is disturbing that the -- you know, head of the Department of Justice is having such difficulty answering questions and keeps changing the goal posts.

O`DONNELL: Senator, I want to get your reaction to an unrelated matter involving the president today. I know it`s an issue that you have cared about for a long time, including before your time in the senate. You visited troops in Iraq long before you were a candidate for public office, and we have President Trump in this now controversial phone call to a family and this is the family of army Sergeant La David Johnson.

And his mother, his guardian, when he was a child, has now said this about the President. President Trump did disrespect my son and my daughter and also me and my husband. That`s her interpretation of the President`s condolence phone call to the widow of Sergeant Johnson. What`s your reaction to that?

FRANKEN: Well, I don`t know what happened in that conversation. These are very, very difficult conversations. I have made them when Minnesota soldiers or marines have died in Afghanistan or in Iraq. And they`re very difficult to make.

I don`t know what was said there but the President should leave this alone. And my goodness, he should -- he attacked gold star family during the campaign. I thought that was just unfortunate to say the least. And I think here he should try to leave this one alone.

O`DONNELL: Senator Al Franken, thank you very much for joining us tonight, really appreciate it.

FRANKEN: Thank you, Lawrence.

O`DONNELL: Coming up, Donald Trump`s reading list, what the President who doesn`t read books should be reading.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

O`DONNELL: Time to lighten it up with tonight`s episode of Donald Trump`s reading list. This is, of course, a wishful thinking concept because as we know Donald Trump does not have a reading list. The President of the United States has no shame in making it known publicly that he does not read books.

(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)

DONALD TRUMP, UNITED STATES PRESIDENT: I don`t get to read very much. I`m working very hard on lots of different things, including getting costs down.

(END VIDEO CLIP)

O`DONNELL: Yes, so he doesn`t read books because, you know, they`re books. And why work your way through a printed page when Fox News is on or Mike Pence is walking out of a football stadium? Donald Trump couldn`t be Donald Trump if he read books. The right books especially the right biographies.

The President`s mind could not remain so small and so closed if he read Walter Isaacson`s biographies of some of the great and creative minds in human history, some of the greatest, Einstein, Benjamin Franklin, and, yes, even Steve Jobs. and now we wished Donald Trump`s reading list included Walter Isaacson`s new biography, that David McCallum has called magnificent and spell binding of Leonardo da Vinci who Donald Trump would discover spent 16 years painting the Mona Lisa, a painting Donald Trump could be made to care about because of his worth at least a billion dollars or possibly several billion dollars.

It`s worth so much money it`s actually impossible to calculate what it`s worth. And that`s the kind of fact that could get Donald Trump`s attention. But what we`d also like Donald Trump to learn is that Leonardo da Vinci was an extraordinary mathematician and scientist, an aeronautical engineer centuries before the occupation aeronautical engineer existed and this mind of da Vinci that dazzled the world for centuries now came in to the world as a child born scandalously out of wedlock, who grew up to be a gay heretic with no formal education but who could fit right into the 15th century Florence because the Republic of Florence had become open to diversity and open to immigration. And open to new technology.

Did not fear what other places had. Was interested in what other places had. And that Florence thrived then because of that rich mix of different kinds of people with different ideas. And we would especially like Donald Trump to learn the lesson of the reactionary Friar Savonarola who led an uprising against the liberalism of Florence and instituted a fundamentalist regime that imposed strict new laws against homoexuality and adultery with punishments of stoning and burning people to death, a militia of young boys was organized their version of Tiki torches to patrol the streets and enforce the strict new moral code.

Tiki torches produced in 1497 known as the Bonfire of the Vanities in which books, art, clothing, cosmetics were burned and a year after that, just a year after that, popular opinion turned on Savonarola and he was hanged and burned in the Central Square of Florence. Joining us now, the New York Times best selling author and former editor of Time magazine, Walter Isaacson and Walter as I --

WALTER ISAACSON, AUTHOR: Wow, Lawrence, that was --

O`DONNELL: This is I have to say, this is your most magical life brought to us on the pages yet. This is -- it is such beautiful writing. it is so fascinating. It is an education for me on every page.

I mean, I knew the Mona Lisa. I knew he did the Last Supper and then vaguely something about very ambitious scientific exploration. But what the book is all about in every page is curiosity. And that seems to be the single most absent characteristic of Donald Trump. There seems to be no curiosity at all in Donald Trump.

ISAACSON: The amazing thing about Leonardo is you don`t `t have to be some genius like Einstein. You just have to be curious and open to new facts and every day Leonardo would make a list and figure out the fossils and what that teaches us about the earth, the sex of the fetus in the womb.

But he does the beautiful smile of the Mona Lisa because he has curiosity for its own sake because he knows that if he understands nature`s patterns, if he has a real appreciation for it, his mind will expand, he`ll be more in touch with other human beings and as you said, Florence thrived because people like that were not only tolerated they were celebrated.

O`DONNELL: And part of the technology that changed his life was the printing press which allowed him to then dig into the things Donald Trump avoids of books. And I keep -- you know, when you -- when anything now in the age of Trump is a different experience.

I feel like reading this book two years ago if it had existed would be a different experience than I`ve had reading it now because I`m finding parallels to it to say look how dark it got in Florence in the Bonfire of the Vanities and look at how they came out of it because we keep looking for those cycles because many of us can feel we`re in a dark period now.

ISAACSON: Well, the good thing about history is it teaches us there are cycles. And that things react. And we had seven or over lasted - a little bit less than four years if you want to take heart from that.

O`DONNELL: Yes, yes.

ISAACSON: And, you know, Florence became more tolerant again. And we had it during the Joseph McCarthy period. You`ve a book coming out about 1968 that really has resonance.

O`DONNELL: Very dark period, yes.

ISAACSON: We came out of that.

O`DONNELL: In the middle of the it we didn`t know we could, right?

ISAACSON: Right and then Gerald Ford comes along.

O`DONNELL: Right.

ISAACSON: We`ll get out of this period we are in now because people are curious in this country. They actually want to understand things. And, you know, I think somebody like Leonardo`s as an inspiration is not political. He just inspires us to say curiosity, observing and being open to the mysteries of life. T that makes for an enriched life.

O`DONNELL: There`s also a stunning lesson in here about a modern circumstance. there`s a lot of complaint now legitimate about how do we sort our way through all the bad information. The internet delivered us almost anything we want might to know. But it also has delivered us a massive amount of just bad information.

These people had terrible information around them all the time, the earth is flat. You know? You can -- you just draw more blood from that person to cure him of his illness and of course you`re killing him. And yet, he finds his way through that horrible world of bad information to the good information.

ISAACSON: Exactly. He`s a disciple of experiment and experience so when people give him the scholastic information and what was taught in the medieval times, he says let`s test that out and that`s the renaissance. That was what it was about which is sorting out the bad information by looking for the fact.

We`ve lost that in our society a bit today which is let`s be open minded. Let`s not have an instant reaction on things. Let`s look at the facts.

O`DONNELL: I had lunch today with our mutual friend Alan Alda. I gave him one of these. He also is one of the great explainer of science as you have become.

ISAACSON: And he loves science and art coming together. And that`s what Leonardo did.

O`DONNELL: And Alan Alda at least was a Presidential candidate on TV. that may be the closest we can get to getting this to a President. Walter Isaacson, author -

ISAACSON: Thank you. Lawrence. Thank you very much.

O`DONNELL: And good luck with your book. Thanks again. Coming up, another look at the 25th amendment.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

O`DONNELL: In an Op-ed Column today on nbcnews.com George W. Bush Ethics lawyer Richard Painter and Psychologist Leanne Watt wrote though remote we cannot rule out the possibility the President in a downward mental health spiral could destroy important global partnerships, alter centuries old alliances and leave the United States vulnerable to terror attacks or war. Attorney Richard Painter a veteran of the Bush as we said says that the Trump Cabinet now has a duty to invoke the 25th amendment to remove President Trump. That`s Next.

(COMMERCIAL BREAK)

O`DONNELL: The 25th amendment says that whenever the Vice President and a majority of the cabinet submit their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office of acting President. Joining us now Richard Painter, former Chief Ethics Lawyer for former President George W. Bush. And Richard today in your op- ed piece about the mental health and 25th amendment you insist that the time has come, that it is the obligation of the Vice President and the Cabinet to act on the 25th amendment.

RICHARD PAINTER, MSNBC CONTRIBUTOR: It is. I believe it is time to act. And the 25th amendment we should remember was adopted in 1967 in the nuclear age when we were well-aware of the enormous risk to the United States and the human civilization, of having a mentally unstable person in the presidency in control of the nuclear weapons. And we make a mistake here, and that could mean the death of millions of people or indeed the destruction of human civilization.

We have to get this right. And the evidence is in. Iit`s clear over and over again President Trump has demonstrated that he has several serious disorders that we describe in that op-ed, extreme narcissism. He focus only on himself, his own battled in life. He described his sex life as his own personal Vietnam.

He more recently is obsessed with his fight with NFL. That goes back to his own lawsuits against the NFL when he tried to start the failed United States Football League. It`s all about himself. And now we see the fallen soldiers family treated like dirt. And I guess that`s OK to treat a fallen soldier`s family like dirt so long as we stand for the national anthem at a football game.

These comments go on and on. And we see each week new comments. But it`s the same old story. President Trump is not fit psychologically for office. And that`s abundantly clear. And a lot of Republican Senators and Congress, people know it.

They just won`t say it. I`ve talked to several people privately who acknowledge this in the Republican Party. Only a few have come forward. Why? Because President Trump will threaten to run some extreme right wing nut job against them at a primary, another Roy Moore.

So they stay silent. They`re intimidated. But at some point we need to realize that the future of our country is at stake. And hey, we could by in very serious trouble if he flies out of control with the nuclear weapons. I don`t think he`s fit to be President.

O`DONNELL: And we are out of time. Richard Painter gets tonight`s Last Word. Thank you, Richard. The 11th hour with Brian Williams starts now.

END

Copy: Content and programming copyright 2017 MSNBC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Copyright 2017 ASC Services II Media, LLC. All materials herein are protected by United States copyright law and may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, displayed, published or broadcast without the prior written permission of ASC Services II Media, LLC. You may not alter or remove any trademark, copyright or other notice from copies of the content.