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All In with Chris Hayes, Transcript 06/24/15

Guests: Kenneth Wayne Jones, Bryan Stevenson, Justin Bamberg, AbbeyClements, Shannon Watts, Keith Hartley, Charles Kruzman

(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE) CHRIS HAYES, MSNBC HOST (voice-over): Tonight on ALL IN -- UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Remember the man for who he is and who he is and what he meant to the state. HAYES: A somber scene in South Carolina as the Confederate flag comes down in Alabama. Tonight, the ongoing good, bad and ugly responses to the terror in Charleston. WILLIAM CHUMLEY (R), SOUTH CAROLINA STATE REPRESENTATIVE: These people sit in there, waiting their turn to be shot. HAYES: Plus, the NRA reacts to the Charleston massacre. UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We do want to have a debate or at least we do want to talk about the Confederate flag. HAYES: As a presidential hopeful expands gun access in his state. And adventures in fatherhood caught on tape, Bobby Jindal`s odd presidential announcement, and the father who made the single greatest catch in the history of foul balls. The father and son will join me live when ALL IN starts right now. (END VIDEOTAPE) HAYES: Good evening from New York. I`m Chris Hayes. Tonight, the nation is in the midst of a stunningly rapid shift on the Confederate flag with all the backlash it inevitably provokes. If there is a single image that captures the moment we`re in, it is this -- the body of reverend and state senator, Clementa Pinckney, arriving at the statehouse today where he became the first African-American to lie in state there at least since the Reconstruction Era just after the Civil War, passing right by the Confederate flag that continues to fly over the capitol grounds. That flag embraced by the white supremacist who murdered Reverend Pinckney and eight other people a week ago tonight at the end of a bible at the black church where Pinckney was pastor. And while Governor Nikki Haley and other lawmakers have called for the flag to be taken down and the state legislature took its first procedural steps in that direction yesterday, it is illegal under South Carolina law to remove the flag without two-thirds approval from both legislative houses. And so, with the battle flags still waving above the capitol today, workers covered the windows with black drape so the mourners would not have to see it. It`s a different story in Alabama where Republican Governor Robert Bentley could simply order the battle flag and three other Confederate emblems in state house grounds to be removed. According to a reporter from, quote, "Two workers came out of the capitol building at 8:20 a.m., with no fanfare quickly and quietly took the flag down." Bentley told the reporter, "This is the right thing to do. We`re facing some major issues in the state regarding the budget and other matters we need to deal with. This had a potential to become a major distraction as we go forward. I have taxes to raise. We have work to do. It was my decision the flag needed to come down." There`s something else Governor Bentley announced in Alabama today. Google, one of the most openly progressive companies in the world, is building a $600 million data center in the state. The timing, even if coincidental, sort of seem to be symbolically potent -- out with the 19th century and in with the 21st. And another side of how insanely fast the politics of the Confederate flag are shifting, the two U.S. senators from Mississippi, both Republicans, did an about-face today, on the question of their state flag, the last in the country to include the iconic Confederate emblem. Only two days ago, Senator Roger Wicker said he deferred to the state legislator. But after Mississippi House speaker called for changes yesterday, Senator Wicker announced in a statement this morning, "I now believe our state flag should be put in a museum and replaced by one that is more unifying to all Mississippians." In response the senior senator from Mississippi, Thad Cochran, initially told MSNBC he hadn`t gotten that far. But about two hours later, he released a statement of his own, calling on the state to consider a new banner. We should note that Cochran largely owes his job to African- Americans who came out to vote for him during a tough run-off election during the primary. Well, all over the South today, political leaders are rethinking the prominence given to symbols. The governors of North Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia have all called for state sponsored Confederate license plates to be phased out. While Georgia Governor Nathan Deal wants it to be redesigned. In New Orleans, Mayor Mitch Landrieu said it`s time to replace the city`s high profile monument to Confederate General Robert E. Lee. And in Kentucky, Senator Mitch McConnell, majority leader of the U.S. Senate, called on his state to remove the statue of Confederate president, Jefferson Davis, from that state`s capitol building. In the meantime, though, not everyone is willing to wait for the powers that be to make changes and they`re taking matters into their own hands. Around the country, including Charleston, Baltimore and St. Louis, statues and monuments connected to the Confederacy have been spray painted over with the motto, "Black Lives Matter". Joining me now, Mississippi State Senator Kenneth Wayne Jones, chair of the state`s legislative black caucus. And, Senator, your state`s flag is now the focus of quite a bit of attention. What do you make of both your senators` comments today? STATE SEN. KENNETH WAYNE JONES (D), MISSISSIPPI: Chris, how are you doing? I think both of those show real leadership at the national level. We told them in the first dialogue, tat this is not about black and white. This is about a symbol that`s used white supremacy, that`s used for racial hatred, violence, people are dying and this symbol is appearing. That symbol does not need to be on the flag in Mississippi. HAYES: Well, the governor, I believe, of your state issued a statement today, saying, look two-thirds of Mississippians voted for this in the state referendum about 14 years ago. They`ve spoken. What do you see? Are there next steps being prepared now that you have the Republican speaker of the Mississippi house on board with the change? JONES: The next step that will be coming from the legislative black caucus, we`ll be asking the governor to go into a special session so that we can start the dialogue. Now, I think it`s only right and fair that our governor of the state of Mississippi follow Virginia, Alabama, and South Carolina with what`s been done already. That`s the only way we can go now. If everybody else sees that something is a problem, why are we still sitting there asking questions? HAYES: So, your demand to the governor is to convene a special session which he has the power under the state constitution to do, to call legislators to a special session with the explicit purpose of debating the state`s current flag which bears a Confederate emblem. JONES: That`s right. We want the full legislators to have a conversation about this. To dialogue about it so we can determine what the future of our state is going to be. We can`t sit here and say something that happened almost 15 years ago stands for this day and time. The people did speak then. It was emotional. We accepted it. We looked at it from one point with the legacy that it presented. On the other hand, the people who said they were offended by it, primarily African-Americans. And now, you got a whole different thing. It is coming up now as a symbol of hatred. We`ve got to reexamine that. HAYES: Have you had a conversation with your colleagues in the state legislature there, white and black, Republican and Democrat about, this issue? Do you think there`s broader support for reexamination? JONES: Oh, yes. There`s a whole lot of bipartisan support for what we`re trying to do now. There`s no way around this. And I would hate to even begin to think that all of these other states see the writing on the wall and Mississippi sits here as a progressive United States and leaves something intact that is harmful to the rest of the population. We`ve got something that`s in the middle of our flag where the rest of the nation (INAUDIBLE) about, and we need to have that conversation. HAYES: And it struck me the other day, John Legend, the singer, tweeted about the fact that when he was singing at the Super Bowl, in front of all 50 state flags, that he had to ask them to change the shot that he was in, because it was the Mississippi flag that was behind him bearing the Confederate that emblem and he didn`t want to be associated with it. JONES: The rest of the world seems not to be wanting to be affiliated with it. I mean, when you have progressive companies like Google and other areas, other Fortune 500 companies saying, we can`t do this anymore because we recognize what we`re dealing with and what it means to society, what it means to the nation, we`re going to make a change, then it`s up for to us make a change too, if we`re going to give our citizens good government. HAYES: All right. State Senator Kenneth Wayne Jones, thank you very much for your time tonight. JONES: Thank you, Chris. HAYES: Joining me now is Bryan Stevenson, founder and executive director of the Alabama-based Equal Justice Initiative. And, Bryan, as someone who is from the South, who has practiced law in the South, who has seen up close the present day realities of racial inequity, what do you make of the last week? BRYAN STEVENSON, EQUAL JUSTICE INITIATIVE: Well, I`m encouraged that we`ve seen some leadership on this issue of the narrative of racial difference that our history has created. That`s been the big problem we`ve had all along. Everybody in this country has an inherited a burden. We`ve all been infected by this legacy of racial inequality. A narrative was created during slavery, and rather than confront it and condemn it, we`ve tolerated it. In the South, we`ve celebrated it. And these images and symbols have created some very, very real problems including this continuing presumption of dangerousness of guilt assigned to people of color. So, attacking these images, taking down these images, I think it is a critically important first step if we`re going to actually deal with our history in an honest and meaningful way. HAYES: You know, there is also some lesson that strikes me, as someone -- and you`re someone who works day in, day out on behalf of folks who are on the wrong end of our criminal justice system, and often on the wrong side of the color line, that things that seem impossible for years. I mean, this flag that we see across the Southern states, whether they`re on license plates or official buildings or monuments, they weren`t place there`d casually. This was tremendous capital and will. And then, all of a sudden, at 8:20, the governor of your state of Alabama says, yes, yes, I think it`s time to take it down. It`s a reminder that sometimes victories in long fought battles can come much quicker than you realize. STEVENSON: No, I think that`s right. I think there`s been an awareness that this has been a problem for a very long time. There hasn`t been the courage, the will to confront it. I mean, this flag was resurrected not in the 1850s or during the time of the civil war. It was resurrected in the 1950s as a symbol of resistance to civil rights. And while I think this is an important first step, there`s a whole lot more, Chris, that has to be done. I mean, Alabama still celebrates Jefferson Davis` birthday as a state holiday. Confederate Memorial Day is a state holiday. We don`t have Martin Luther King Day in Alabama. We have Martin Luther King/Robert E. Lee Day. We have a state constitution that still prohibits black and white kids from going to school together, completely unenforceable, but it`s in there because we haven`t been able to get the state to take it out of the constitution through a statewide referendum. So, this is really just the tip of the iceberg. The whole landscape is littered with these monuments and markers. We`ve got 59 in Montgomery. The two largest high schools are Jefferson Davis High and Robert E. Lee High. And not a word about slavery. Not a word about the terrorism and lynching that really shifted the demographic geography of this country. Not a word about the humiliation that people tolerated during the decades of the civil rights era. We just want to celebrate the happy moments and not deal with the reality. That`s not what transitional justice is. Transitional justice means you tell the truth about the problems and you reconcile yourself to that truth, as they`re doing in Germany, as they tried to do in South Africa, as they`re talking about in Rwanda. We never did that in this country, because of it, we are still burdened, and I think really corrupted by implicit bias and presumptions of dangerousness and guilt, and that will change when we talk honestly about what these symbols and legacy has done to us. HAYES: I want to make sure that I understood you. I am a correct you`re saying the Alabama state constitution in 2015 contains a provision barring racial integration between black and white children in schools to this day still, and you can`t get it removed? STEVENSON: That`s exactly right. The state constitution can only be amended by a statewide referendum. The business community put that on the ballot in 2004 and the majority of people in the state voted to keep it in. In 2012, it was back on the ballot again and an even larger majority voted to keep it in. So, it still remains in the state constitution. And we are kidding ourselves if we think that companies and businesses around the world aren`t paying attention to that when they think about whether to put their plant in Alabama or Michigan. It is a barrier to progress. And yet, because we haven`t found our voice to confront these images of the past and talk about this history with the shame and sorrow that I think we should be, we continue to be burdened by it. And that`s why I think we need more leadership and I hope today is the start of a continuing conversation that really transforms the landscape of this region that I think is really, really corrupted by these images and symbols. HAYES: How do you understand those two votes? I mean, that is -- I have to say, I did not know that. And I`ve spent some time in Alabama. One of my best friends lives in Montgomery. How do you understand that vote? How do you understand people coming out in 2004, 2012, voting that way, knowing essentially this is purely symbolic, precisely because of what the Supreme Court has said. STEVENSON: Well, we`ve been practicing silence about this history for so long. We don`t talk about this history. We haven`t learned how to manage the shame and the guilt. We haven`t dealt with it. And so, we just deny it. And you don`t give an inch. That`s why you don`t take down the flag. That`s why you don`t step back. In Alabama, every license plate has heart of Dixie on it and it is an offensive concept for people of color. And so, the business community was kind of pushing this issue. They got on the referendum. The political leaders said nothing about it, because we don`t know how to deal with this in a kind of an honest way. So, the people kept it in. In 2012, I think that part of the increase of support had a lot to do with the election of Barack Obama and this feeling that people are losing their control. And so, we`ve got a lot of work to do in many states in this country. HAYES: Bryan Stevenson, always such a pleasure to talk to you. Thank you very much. Next, reaction to a South Carolina lawmaker`s remarks about what the victims of the church massacre should have been doing to save their own lives. Plus, how homegrown radicals are outpacing jihadists in the U.S. And then there`s this, possibly one of the greatest catches of all time. Wait for it. Yes. That dad joins us. (COMMERCIAL BREAK) HAYES: The debate over the Confederate over the Confederate battle flag flying on the grounds of the South Carolina Statehouse continues. One flag supporter told NBC`s Ron Allen he`s worried the conversation won`t stop there. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) RON ALLEN, NBC NEWS: Some people say what will change is the state of South Carolina will move into modernity. The state of South Carolina will make a bold statement about equality and moving away from the past. JEFF O`CAIN, SONS OF CONFEDERATE VETERANS: That`s what they`ll say, huh? And then when that obstacle has been taken aside, then it will be this statue, that statue. We`re on a slippery slope here. You`re going to try to eradicate history so it doesn`t offend anybody. It already happened. We can`t change history. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: In the meantime, one South Carolina state lawmaker who supports keeping the flag where it is, is now having to answer to remarks he made about the victims of last week`s horrific shooting. That`s next. (COMMERCIAL BREAK) (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) RUSH LIMBAUGH, RADIO HOST: I`ll make another prediction. The next flag that will come under assault and it will not be long is the American flag. UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: How far is this going to go? UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Where does it stop? How far do you go? UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Slippery slope, Mike? UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Slippery, yes. UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You know who else has been doing some cultural cleansing these days? These guys. Mark my words. The left`s cultural crusade will not stop with the Confederate flag. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: As you might expect, there`s some real hot takes out there as the back lash over the back lash of the Confederate flag rolls on. In South Carolina, where all this began, the state legislature has voted to debate removing the flag in the state house grounds, but there are some lawmakers, at least 11, by the "Charleston Post and Courier`s" count, who believe the Confederate battle flag should stay put. Among them, Republican State Representative Bill Chumley who says the issue over the flag has been settled. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) CHUMLEY: I think that the misuse and the miseducation of the flag has probably pushed it to this point. My constituents are calling and talking a lot about it and that`s the way they feel. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: The conversation did not end there as Chumley questioned not only the focus on the flag, but whether the nine victims of last week`s shooting at the Emanuel AME Church in Charleston could have done more to stop the gunman. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) CHUMLEY: We`re focusing on the wrong thing here. We need to be focused on the nine families that are left and see that this doesn`t happen again. These people sit in there and waited their turn to be shot. That`s sad. And somebody in there with the means of self-defense could have stopped this and would have less funerals that we`re having. CNN REPORTER: You`re turning this into a gun debate? If those nine families asked to you take down the flag, would you do it? CHUMLEY: You said guns. Why didn`t somebody do something? I mean, you`ve got one skinny person shooting a gun, you know? I mean, we need to take and do what we can. CNN REPORTER: I want to make sure I understand what you`re telling me. Are you asking that these people should have tackled him? These women should have fought him that -- CHUMLEY: I don`t know what the answer was. But I know it is really, really horrible for nine people to be shot. And I understand that he reloaded his gun during the process. That`s upsetting. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: Joining me now, South Carolina State Representative Justin Bamberg, who called for a public apology from his colleague, Mr. Chumley, who has since apologized. Representative, thank you for joining us tonight. I should read what Mr. Chumley`s statement today, "My view which I was clumsily trying to express was that it was painfully regrettable that someone was not able to intervene in this demented killer`s life to stop him right up the moment he squeezed the trigger. Please let me be clear: the responsibility for the despicable murders in Charleston rests solely on the murder. If any of my remarks suggested differently, I am deeply sorry." Your response, Representative? STATE REP. JUSTIN BAMBERG (D), SOUTH CAROLINA: Well, Chris, thank you first and foremost for having me here tonight. I`ll tell you, when I saw that last night, I was really bothered. It offended me. It upset me. I know if the families were watching and had heard the words that he said, you know, essentially blaming the victim for their own demise, that is terribly troubling. So, I actually took time to sleep on it to see how I felt this morning and this morning I felt the same exact way. So, I saw fit to send a letter to my cohorts in the general assembly, specifically the House of Representatives and point out that I felt his words dishonored the body and the state of South Carolina and given the climate and what is going on right now in the state, he owed the families an apology for what he said. HAYES: There are now, as far as we can tell from "Post Courier", which is keeping a count, 34 of your colleagues in the House who have yet to answer the "Post and Courier" or any other reporters about where they stand on this issue. Ten refused to answer, 12 undecided. Can you give us a sense of what those conversations in the statehouse are like? BAMBERG: Well, you know, you`ve got folks who are going to wait. They`re going on wait to state their position publicly. You also more likely have some folks who just haven`t responded. Maybe they haven`t checked their voicemails or have missed some phone calls. But I think the flag is coming down. And I actually had someone ask me earlier today. They said, well, do you think the 10 or 11 who have stated opposition to the flag coming down are going to stand in the way of the flag coming down? And I just, I patted him on the shoulder and smiled a little bit. They`re not standing in the way. Where they`re standing is on the side of the train tracks. And the train of progress is going to be pulling out of the station here shortly, and they`re either going to get on and ride along with us or they`re going to miss it. And, you know, up until the vote, even after the vote, should they want to jump on the train, I will reach down and pull them up as a brother or sister, and we can move the state forward together. HAYES: So, what I`m hearing is you are not sweating this vote. BAMBERG: No, sir. At this time I`m not concerned about the vote. You know, I think most people recognize that given the fact that this flag, while it does not represent hate for everyone, you know, there are people who take pride in it and it`s a family legacy and heritage thing, people understand that this flag has become a symbol of hate for a lot of people. And for a lot of people`s ancestors, this flag was used to terrorize and used with murders. It needs to come down. It`s time for it to come down. And we`re never going to move forward as a state unless it does come down. HAYES: All right. South Carolina State Representative Justin Bamberg, thank you for joining us tonight. BAMBERG: Thank you so much, Chris. HAYES: Ahead, if things are moving so rapidly in the Confederate flag, can proponents of gun control make another play for reform? But next, the multitasking father at the Dodgers/Cubs game and how he feels about providing the Dodgers with the out. (COMMERCIAL BREAK) (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) SPORTSCASTER: Foul grounds, reaching -- so Gonzalez had it taken away by the fan. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: You may not realize it, but you`ve just witnessed the greatest catch in the history of foul balls. Wrigley Field in Chicago last night, the Dodgers and Cubs were scoreless in the second winning, when the Cubs batter was a foul ball on the first-base line, at first, it looked like Dodger first baseman Adrian Gonzalez would make the catch by the stands. But no, a Cubs fan in the front row named Keith Hartley holding his infant son Isaac reached in to field play and snatched the ball away from the Dodgers first baseman. In fact, on closer inspection, not only was he holding his infant son, he was also feeding his infant son and he never stopped. Naturally, the Dodgers set out to steal the candy from the baby and his father. The manager Don Mattingly who, by the way, is the father of an infant son himself, challenged the call, and the umpires agreed that Keith Hartley interfered with the play. The Dodger babies got their bottle and the third out of the inning. More importantly, the Cubs went out to win the game, 1-0 in the 10th, (INAUDIBLE) pushing them to nine game over .500. Most importantly, Cubs fan Keith Hartley is here to tell us about his brush with fame. Keith, greatest catch. Did you practice doing that? Are you in the habit of multitasking with Isaac and the bottle and catching? KEITH HARTLEY, CUBS FAN: Not before but I think I might make it my new profession with all the fanfare it`s getting now. HAYES: I have got to say that was a really impressive catch. Was that instinct? Did you have second thoughts as it`s a you rose and dangled your infant son by a bottle nestled close to you and reach out for that ball? HARTLEY: I had a much better grip on him than I think most would think. I had my arm underneath both of his arms supporting him pretty tightly. So, not much worry there. But it was just a fun night and a fun experience that has kind of gone viral, I guess now. HAYES: It is kind of funny to me. I think it is awesome. Also because you, well, until the call was reversed, you actually gave the Cubbies another out. But it is extremely polarizing. I mean, this is -- on the Twitter feed, this is getting more backlash than the Confederate flag. You want to -- something you want to say to the hate here`s think you risked your son`s life? HARTLEY: No. I mean everyone is entitled to their opinion. I`m most concerned about him and my wife which I think I did my job in protecting both of them, both are happy and safe and healthy now. And I don`t need to answer to any critics. I`m a born and bred Chicagoan. We have thin skin so it kind of just rolls off my back. No big deal. HAYES: How old is Isaac? HARTLEY: Just about seven months. HAYES: Well, that is awesome. Also, could we talk for a second about this Cubbies team? We`re nine games over .500. We`ve won four in a row. We`re leading the majors in walk-off wins. I`m trying not to let myself get too excited because I know inevitably it will break my heart but I`m having a hard time stopping myself from getting very excited. HARTLEY: It is a very exciting time. A lot of people on Twitter were labeling me the anti-Bartman and hashtag #reversethecurse. So hopefully I can only help the matter there. But I mean, a lot of good young prospects, even more in the system. We saw Kyle Schwarber there for a few games when we were playing the AL inter league games and he is a very exciting prospect. But it is look good on the north side there. HAYES: It is looking good. We are currently -- if the season ended today, I think we would be in the playoffs, at least in the playin game. We are in the toughest division in all the National League which makes things difficult. I want to just show you a little father multitasking solidarity here. This is a picture I took of myself, my wife took of me, that was me on paternity leave. I`m not quite catching a foul ball. I am drinking, I think that`s a rye Manhattan. But just for a note, you -- dads can multitask. This is the 21st Century. Us dads were doing lots of things. We`re having it all. We`re catching foul balls, we`re drinking cocktails. Just don`t hate on multitasking dads, I`d say. HARTLEY: Yeah. I mean, it is part of my job. I work in IT, so I multitask all day every day so this was another day at the ballpark, as they`d say. HAYES: All right, Keith Hartley, thank you so much for your time. HARTLEY: Thank you. HAYES: Up next, a withdrawn report about homegrown terrorism the conservatives balked at is now getting some pretty hard evidence to back it up. (COMMERCIAL BREAK) (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) UNIDENTIFIED MALE: A chorus of protests grows around the DHS, Department of Homeland Security`s report on right wing extremism. SEAN HANNITY, FOX NEWS: But critics say their definition of a right wing extremist sounds awfully close to somebody who might simply just disagree with the Obama administration. UNIDENTIFIEID MALE: This is a radical, irresponsible condemnation of legitimate political dissent which is terrifying. UNIDENTIFIED MALE: There are no Timothy McVeighs out there right now. They`re making a big deal out of something that hasn`t happened and may not happen. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: In April 2009, the Department of Homeland Security warned in a report that, quote, the economic downturn and the election of the first African-American president present unique drivers for right wing radicalization and recruitment including an attempt to, quote, radicalize returning veterans in order to boost their violent capabilities. That particular part of the report came under harsh criticism from conservatives. House Minority Leader at the time John Boehner said to characterize men and women returning home after defending our country`s as potential terrorists is offensive and unacceptable. The Department of Homeland Security owes our veterans an apology. Within a month the entire report on right wing extremism was pulled and Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano apologized. A year later, the main author of that report, an analyst named Darrel Johnson left DHS after he said his office was gutted in response to all the criticism. Now today, we learn that since 9/11, according to the research group New America and reported by The New York Times, nearly twice as many people have been killed by white supremacists, ant-government fanatics and other non-Muslim extremists as have been killed by radical Muslims, that`s 48 people killed in right wing extremist attacks. By comparison, research shows that attacks by jihadist killers killed 26 people in that same time period. This threat from right wing extremists seems to be something that has weighed on the minds of law enforcement officials, at times points to a survey that asked 382 police and sheriff`s departments nationwide to rank the three biggest threats from violent extremism in their jurisdiction, about 74 percent listed anti-government violence while 39 percent listed al Qaeda inspired violence. Joining me now Charles Kurzman, professor of sociology at the University of North Carolina Chapel Hill and a researcher with the Triangle Center on Terrorism and Homeland Security. Professor, do you think that American counterterrorism policy has gotten out of balance in the 14 years since 9/11 relative to threats? CHARLES KURZMAN, UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA: Well, it sounds as though the fears that many of us had about waves of al Qaeda inspired violence and terrorist attacks after 9/11 failed to materialize. That`s very fortunate. But many of our policies and institutions that were set up to defend against that scale of threat are still in place today even with what seems to be relatively diminished level of threat. HAYES: Yeah. It strikes me also that there is also that there is a way in which all of the threats from terrorism, or let`s say politically or ideologically motivated violence, is relatively low in materials of the lethality since 9/11. Of course, if you say since 9/11, you`re bracketing the largest mass murder for political means in U.S. history. But Glenn Greenwald put this chart together. These are people killed by car accidents every day, that`s 96, people killed by bees, wasps and hornets in just 2013, that`s 62, people killed by right wing extremists since 9/11, 48, killed by lightning every year, crushed by their own furniture every year and killed by Muslim extremists since 9/11. How would you characterize, in general, America`s relative safety in terms of American citizens and political and ideological violence? KURZMAN: Yeah, if we look at political violence and fatalities from that, regardless of the specific figures you use, the numbers are relatively small compared to the ordinary level of violence that we experience as a country year in, year out. More than 14,000 murders each year in the United States, according to the FBI, that`s more than 215,000 since 9/11, a huge amount of ordinary every day violence, unfortunately, in this country. HAYES: During the 1990s, we saw a huge amount of attention paid to the threat of domestic extremism in the wake of the Oklahoma City bombing, huge amounts of resources and press attention to the militia movement. And my sense is that the organized militia movement really did kind of dissipate in the wake of that. What is the status of the kind of right wing extremist movements in the U.S. today? KURZMAN: Certainly they exist. There is relatively small scale movements around the country. What we found in the survey of law enforcement agencies is that there is a serious concern among a large majority of them that there might be these organizations or individual lone wolf type threats in their jurisdictions. So they`re taking it seriously. HAYES: Charles Kurzman, thank you very much. Ahead, why gun control proponents have not given up and the very latest entry into the busy GOP presidential field next. (COMMERCIAL BREAK) HAYES: Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal is running for president. And there are a few ways we know this. There`s the tweet that was unleashed earlier today. There is his actual announcement speech from this afternoon and there`s the video of his family sitting outside, footage that looks like something from a security cam in which his campaign posted on his website in which he breaks the news to his kids. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) GOV. BOBBY JINDAL, (R) LOUISIANA: I want to talk to you first and then you can tell your friends. Mommy and daddy have been thinking and talking a lot about this, we have decide we are going to be running for president. That`s good? What do you remember about Iowa? UNIDENITFIED MALE: Popcorn. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: In a major, in a field of 13 major Republican presidential candidates with more on the way, popcorn is as good a reason as any to give it a go. That gives another 100 points, by the way, to Michael Steele in our 2016 fantasy candidate draft. Steele is still the leader. And yet there`s another governor whose sagging popularity at home is not dissuading him from seeking national office, Chris Christie will reportedly declare as early as next week. Now, a development tonight out of upstate New York as the manhunt for two escaped convicts continues. NBC News is reporting that a second prison worker at the Clinton County Correctional Facility has now been arrested in connection with the escape of David Sweat and Richard Matt. Jean Palmer was a prison guard working in the cell block where the two inmates had escaped from. Tonight, he`s been arrested and charges against him are currently pending. The two escaped convicts, David Sweat and Richard Matt, remain at-large after 19 days on the run. We`ll be right back. (COMMERCIAL BREAK) (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) BARACK OBAMA, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: At some point we as a country will have to reckon with the fact that this type of mass violence does not happen in other advanced countries. And it is in our power to do something about it. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: That was President Obama one day after the mass shooting in Charleston, and this was Senator and GOP presidential candidate Ted Cruz campaigning in Iowa not long after the president spoke. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) SEN. TED CRUZ, (R) IOWA: You know, the great thing about the state of Iowa, I`m pretty sure you all define gun control the same way we do in Texas: hitting what you aim at. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker wasn`t content to just joke about gun control after the Charleston massacre. Today, the likely GOP presidential candidate signed two bills making it easier to buy and to carry guns, including one that removes the 48-hour waiting period to purchase a firearm. And Dylann Roof`s horrific crime one week ago has spurred a movement to remove the confederate battle flag from stores and public places, a development both more than welcome and long overdue. The flag controversy has also meant there has been virtually no serious discussion about gun safety in the week since the shootings, a develop that has surely been welcomed by the NRA, which is happy to focus on the fight over the confederate battle flag instead. (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We do want to have a debate, or at least we want to talk about the confederate flag, but again, not many of us are really interested in pushing for more gun control. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: In a statement to MSNBC, Connecticut Senator Chris Murphy said he is gravely concerned that people are only focused only on the flag instead of attempting to take on America`s gun violence epidemic simply because an offensive flag is easy to fix. Murphy`s home state was the site of Sandy Hook elementary school shooting massacre in Newtown in 2012, which spurred President Obama`s impassioned but failed push to get congress to do something to counter gun violence. Senators Joe Manchin`s and Pat Toomey`s bipartisan bill to expand meaningful background checks failed in 2013 by six votes. Since then, the Washington Post notes the Senate math has become considerably less friendly to any sort of gun safety measure. Now, it is easy to throw up your hands when it comes to gun safety. When we come back, I`m going to talk to two people who have not given up hope, including a former Sandy Hook elementary school teacher who survived the shootings. That`s next. (COMMERCIAL BREAK) (BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) OBAMA: You don`t see murder on this kind of scale with this kind of frequency in any other advanced nation on Earth. Every country has violent, hateful or mentally unstable people. What`s different is not every country is awash with easily accessible guns. (END VIDEO CLIP) HAYES: Joining me to talk about whether there is any hope for new gun safety measures in the wake of the shootings in Charleston is former Sandy Hook elementary school teacher Abbey Clements who survived the Newtown shootings and Shannon Watts, founders of Moms Demand Action for Gun Sense in America. Ms. Clements, maybe if I can begin with you, I wonder what it has been like for you, having suffered through the awful trauma that was Newtown, to watch this happen in Charleston and just your reaction to watching how it has been understood and parsed and played out in the media in its aftermath. ABBEY CLEMENTS, SANDY HOOK ELEMENTARY SHOOTING SURVIVOR: Well, after hearing about what happened in Charleston, it just, it went right through me -- the sadness, the horror, the disbelief that this happens over and over again. And to know how difficult a road it is for the families and the survivors and the community members there. My heart just breaks for them, because it is so difficult to navigate the world after going through something like this. HAYES: What do people not know about what the path ahead for people in a community that has suffered one of these is like? I mean, we cover it, we go there, the lights are there, we interview survivors, we will cover the funeral and then at a certain point, six months later, a year later, two years later, they`ve got to still be there and deal with it. And I could feel in Charleston, the intensity of the trauma there. What do people not get what it will be like two years from now? CLEMENTS: I just think when you go through something like this, it affects who you are. And you`re forever changed. And so the way you go to work and your relationships, all those things change and you miss the person who you were. And you have to figure everything out and all the responsibilities that you have. You have to take care of things. But you also have this tremendous sense of loss and guilt and all of those things. So for me and for so many survivors who I have had the privilege of getting to know over the past year or so, it is a resolve and efforts to help change things that really keeps us moving forward in light of such difficulties. HAYES: Shannon, we are watching just in the course of a week something that had been embedded in particularly southern politics for decades, if not more than a century, the confederate battle flag and memorialization of that cause which seemed unmovable. You know, voters tried to dislodge it time and time again and they failed and activists tried to dislodge it time and time again and they failed. And they fought these lonely battles for years. And in the course of the week it seems like it has just gone up in smoke. What is your perspective as someone working on the gun issue, watching that happen? SHANNON WATTS, GUN CONTROL ADVOCATE: Well, first of all, you know, I refuse to buy into the narrative and our supporters don`t buy into the narrative that this is hopeless in any way, shape or form. We are winning in states. You know, 38 state legislative sessions just ended and we were able to defeat 40 bad gun bills that the NRA was trying to push through. So, the idea that we`re losing is absolutely wrong. We`re actually winning in the states and with companies. We just need congress to do the right thing. And you were talking about change with the flag. Change does come quickly in this country when there is enough momentum and you have the right lawmakers in place. And so the flag changed, marriage equality changed quickly. If we`re going to see the same thing happen with gun laws. We are getting huge momentum on the ground. In Oregon, we just made it the 18th state to close its background check loophole. We`re going to do the same here in Nevada next year. And we just need congress to together, hold hands across the aisle and do what more than 90 percent of Americans want them to do, and that is close our background check loophole. HAYES: That`s interesting. What I`m hearing from you is a real focus on state by state victories where you may have a stronger hand to play than congress. Is that where your organization is focused? WATTS: Absolutely. I mean, we are, again, pushing back on bills that would have sailed through the state houses, campus carry, guns in K-12, constitutional carry. These bills are not making it. And they would have in the past before our moms were on the ground. And working with every town, we are going to get the states to do the right thing in lieu of congress. Eventually congress will do the right thing. We need to get the right congress in place. But I can tell you as someone on the ground every day with tireless advocates, women and mothers and carrying Americans and survivors, we are winning this fight and change will come just as quickly as the other issues you`ve talked about tonight. It will happen. And congress better listen to Americans. It is time for them to stand up to the gun lobby so Americans don`t have to stand up to gunmen. HAYES: We`ve learned a little more about the gun the shooter bought, a .45 caliber Glock, which he purchased on April 11, less than two minutes after he was arrested, although that charge was a misdemeanor. One of the things that happens often here in sort of the aftermath of a mass shooting, and it`s awful to contemplate that that`s a kind of recurring thing, is people pointing and saying, well, your law that your pushing wouldn`t have stopped this shooting. And it`s unclear in this case whether a background check would or would not have stopped the shooter. What`s your response to that? WATTS: There are a lot of different things that we can do. And we`re doing them in states to keep guns out of the hands of dangerous people. There are many different things we can do. But our focus is on the thing that will save the most American lives, and that is closing the background check loophole. More than 40 percent of guns sold in this country are sold with absolutely no background check making it incredibly easy for felonies and criminals and domestic abusers and other violent or dangerous people to have guns. And that is so ethically and morally wrong. And all congress has to do is close that loophole. And where we`ve seen states do that on their own, we have seen suicides, police killings and domestic homicides cut almost in half. We know these laws work. HAYES: Ms. Clements, one of the things that`s happened in the wake of this is everyone trying to make sense of the awfulness of it. And because in this case there`s a killer with a screed and a manifesto and a bunch of symbols and the sort of clear ideological agenda it`s sort of easier to do that than in the case of Newtown which just seemed like depthless impossible evil to get your head around. How do you make sense of how we make sense of the aftermath of something like this? CLEMENTS: You know, after something like this, people who are deeply affected are not really aware of these things that are going on around us. I mean, they know that there is a conversation and they`re happy about that. But they are trying to deal with everything on a day-to-day basis. How do they get their kids off to school? How am I going to get to work every day after something like this? But what I will say is that after everybody leaves, and after the conversation dies down, there`s a sense of what I am a going to do with this? And I think that not only survivors but everybody can join this movement. We don`t want this to happen anymore. We don`t want it to happen in churches and in schools and in malls, it is absolutely disgusting that this continues to happen. And people can make a difference and people can make a difference now by even participating in the conversation where I think for Charleston, the hashtag #risingforcharleston and join in the conversation. And that`s where it can begin. And it really is powerful for people to do that. HAYES: Abbey Clements and Shannon Watts, thank you both. That is All In for this evening. THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED. END