Echoes of Nixon reverberate as Trump presses Barr to target Biden

Nearly a half-century after Nixon, we heard a different president "endeavouring to misuse" the DOJ, committing an impeachable offensive on live television.
Justice Department Officials Announce Charges Against HSBC
NEW YORK, NY - DECEMBER 11: A US Department of Justice seal is displayed on a podium during a news conference to announce money laundering charges against HSBC on December 11, 2012 in the Brooklyn borough of New York City. HSBC Holdings plc and HSBC USA NA have agreed to pay $1.92 billion and enter into a deferred prosecution agreement with the U.S. Department of Justice in regards to charges involving money laundering with Mexican drug cartels.Ramin Talaie / Getty Images

When it comes to Donald Trump's presidency, the "this is not normal" observation has long since lost its novelty, but yesterday was nevertheless historic. Americans heard something from their president that no previous group of Americans has ever confronted.

President Trump on Tuesday called on William P. Barr, the attorney general, to take action before Election Day against his Democratic opponent, former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr., over his son's foreign work, an extraordinary attempt to pressure the government's chief law enforcement to help him politically.

The New York Times' report added that it was "remarkable" to hear a sitting president call on the attorney general to take action against a political opponent ahead of an election.

And yet, that's precisely what Trump did. "We've got to get the attorney general to act," the flailing Republican incumbent told Fox News. "He's got to act, and he's got to act fast. He's got to appoint somebody. This is major corruption, and this has to be known about before the election."

To be sure, the president has been unsubtle of late in calling for Joe Biden's imprisonment, but yesterday was the first time Trump, publicly and explicitly, demanded that Bill Barr go after his 2020 opponent "before the election," despite the fact that his opponent hasn't done anything wrong.

Julian Zelizer, a presidential historian at Princeton University, told the Associated Press that Trump's pressure campaign on Barr has moved into uncharted territory for presidential politics.

"We are seeing a total politicization of the justice system in the final stages of an election," Zelizer said.

As Rachel noted in last night's A block, in the not-too-distant past, if the United States saw an authoritarian leader try to prosecute his domestic rival ahead of an election, we'd help lead an international coalition to denounce such corruption. Now, this is happening here.

The fact that this is happening out in the open makes it all the more extraordinary. If an investigative journalist had uncovered a private White House memo in which Trump quietly urged the Justice Department to prosecute his opponent to help him win re-election, it would be on the front page of every newspaper in the country. It would likely become a presidency-defining scandal.

But in 2020, there is no private memo to uncover: Trump, indifferent and incapable of shame, took the message to a national television audience. The Republican incumbent, for the first time in American history, is openly and desperately trying to turn federal law enforcement into an appendage of his campaign.

In June 2016, former President Bill Clinton exchanged pleasantries on a tarmac with then-Attorney General Loretta Lynch, and according to everyone involved, it was a fairly brief and inconsequential social interaction. Such conversations are not uncommon when prominent political figures are in the same place at the same time. Republicans and much of the political media were nevertheless apoplectic, insisting that the Clinton/Lynch conversation raised the prospect of politically motivated decisions at the Justice Department.

Four years later, the sitting president is practically begging the attorney general to help him win a second term by targeting his opponent with trumped up charges.

In 1974, Congress drew articles of impeachment against Richard Nixon, and among the most serious allegations were charges that the then-president was "endeavouring to misuse" federal departments and agencies -- the CIA, FBI, IRS, et al. -- for political ends. The allegations had the benefit of being true, and they helped lead to Nixon's downfall.

Nearly a half-century later, Americans heard a different Republican president "endeavouring to misuse" the Justice Department, effectively committing an impeachable offensive on live television.