IE 11 is not supported. For an optimal experience visit our site on another browser.

Is Melania Trump done?

The wife of the former president has shown little interest in following the path of other wives of presidents and presidential candidates.
Former President Donald Trump and former first lady Melania Trump at Mar-a-Lag on Nov. 15, 2022 in Palm Beach, Fla.
Former President Donald Trump and former first lady Melania Trump at Mar-a-Lag on Nov. 15, 2022 in Palm Beach, Fla.Joe Raedle / Getty Images file

Melania Trump was not present when her husband, former President Donald Trump, was arraigned on 34 criminal charges in New York City last weekShe was not present later that day at Mar-a-Lago when in a speech he attacked the district attorney who convened the grand jury that brought those charges.

For more than century, would-be first ladies have happily (or perhaps unhappily) stumped by their men en route to the White House.

According to People magazine, Melania Trump may have decided to give her husband’s entire 2024 presidential campaign a miss. A source told writer Linda Marx that Melania Trump “hasn’t recently taken part in her husband’s political events. It is not comfortable for her.” Perhaps this will not come as a shock, considering how absent Melania Trump was during her husband’s 2016 and 2020 campaigns, but it is nonetheless a striking development.  

For more than a century, would-be first ladies have happily (or perhaps unhappily) stumped by their men en route to the White House. Florence Harding, for example, was hugely involved in the 1920 Front Porch campaign of her beloved Warren, and despite a recurring kidney ailment, she embraced with aplomb the couple’s folksy receptions day after day, hosting tens of thousands of visitors. This porch-style campaign was actually pioneered by another Ohio couple, the McKinleys, in 1896, but Ida McKinley’s own devastating illness kept her mostly behind the scenes. Even so, supporters circulated a biography of Ida — such was her importance to her husband’s success.

Eleanor Roosevelt called for Franklin D. Roosevelt’s unprecedented third nomination during the 1940 Democratic Convention, at the beginning of World War II. Pat Nixon called for her husband’s nomination at the Republican Convention in 1972 in the midst of another war, though the thundering claps of boorish delegates largely silenced her.  A standout example of first lady campaigning, of course, was the 1964 solo whistle-stop tour of Lady Bird Johnson, deep into the dangerous and distrustful South. Such campaigning helped Lyndon B. Johnson win the presidency in the wake of the Civil Rights Act. Lady Bird had earlier stepped in for a pregnant Jacqueline Kennedy in 1960, but Jackie herself was not absent. Among other contributions, she made Spanish-language commercials for her husband.

First ladies including Hillary Clinton, Laura Bush and Michelle Obama have taken to the hustings even during the midterms. But there, too, Melania Trump was missing. She avoided all but the most minimal role in 2018, even as former first lady Obama was out working for Democrats. And of course, Jill Biden has been active in many of her husband’s campaigns and other Democrats’ campaigns. Like other first ladies in recent decades, she has been an asset for her sometimes unpopular husband, even as she promotes his accomplishments.

One imagines Melania Trump could have done the same in 2016 and 2020 by humanizing her husband or touting his proposals. Instead, one of her rare appearances in 2020 came just days before the election, and that was after a long absence. It wouldn’t be surprising, then, if this time she completely bows out. 

Elizabeth Natalle, Diana Carlin and Molly Wertheimer — three communications scholars from the First Ladies Association for Research and Education (FLARE) that I consulted for this piece — noted Melania Trump’s longtime reticence as a public speaker. Despite being fluent in several languages, she tends to avoid speaking on the stump. As Natalle suggests, this is tied as well to a key element of their conjugal relationship: In the Trumps’ “independent marriage structure, Melania makes her own decisions.” Not growing up in the United States, Melania also came into office less familiar with the expectations many hold for the office of first lady, Carlin notes; campaigning is not something she enjoys.

Thus, as first lady, she largely broke away from the kind of service that her immediate predecessors eagerly assumed. Focusing on caring for her young son, she waited to move to the White House nearly six months after her husband; once there, she exhibited little interest in the role. First ladies do not just perform activism; as campaigners, they can also help to “deflect flaws” in their partners, as Carlin pointed out. But with Trump’s many devoted followers, such wifely mediation has been less necessary.

Of course, campaigning for even the most engaging speaker can be a minefield, as Wertheimer reminded me. In 2008, Michelle Obama was roundly criticized when her quote, “For the first time in my adult lifetime, I‘m really proud of my country,” was taken out of context. But apparently another set of her words were good enough for Melania Trump’s speechwriter, who reportedly plagiarized them and had Melania Trump deliver them at the 2016 Republican convention!

For Melania Trump, past embarrassments such as that, her discomfort speaking in public and her self-defined role in her marriage may all be reasons for her seemingly backing out of 2024’s campaign so early. Or perhaps it has something to do with her husband being accused of a crime related to a 2016 hush money payment to an adult film star. By not coming to his arraignment to defend — or even stand next to — her husband in the face of this sexual scandal, Melania’s absence speaks volumes and underlines her difference from other first ladies.  

In 1992, Hillary Clinton appeared on CBS’s “60 Minutes with her husband Bill Clinton after Gennifer Flowers claimed she’d had a 12-year affair with the presidential candidate. Sitting next to Bill Clinton on that CBS couch as the election loomed, Hillary Clinton insisted she was not “sitting here, some little woman standing by my man like Tammy Wynette.” No, she said, she was “sitting here because I love him and respect him.”

It appears there will be none of that for Melania. She’ll sit, or stand, on her own. And if there is another term for her husband, we’ll have to wait and see if she delays her arrival at 1600 Pennsylvania Ave. — or if she shows up at all.