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The Rand Paul Debate Society

At least three Republican hawks are considering presidential bids that would take direct aim at Rand Paul’s foreign policy views.
Kentucky Senator Rand Paul address attendees during the Republican National Committee spring meeting at the Peabody hotel in Memphis, Tenn., May 9, 2014. (Photo by William DeShazer/The Commercial Appeal/AP)
Kentucky Senator Rand Paul address attendees during the Republican National Committee spring meeting at the Peabody hotel in Memphis, Tenn., May 9, 2014.

New York Rep. Pete King knows he’s a long shot for the GOP presidential nomination. He has little national following, no campaign organization, and must constantly remind people he’s considering a run to keep his name in the mix at all. 

But if King doesn’t make it to the White House, he’ll happily settle for another victory: Making sure Rand Paul doesn’t get there either.

"I want to take advantage of the opportunity of my name being there to get around and raise the issues I want, which is mainly foreign policy, national security, counterterrorism and really preventing the Rand Paul’s and Ted Cruz’s from taking over the party," King told msnbc.

Paul’s brand of libertarianism is intensely skeptical of foreign wars and foreign aid alike and outright hostile to sweeping federal powers authorized after 9/11 to prevent future attacks. The Kentucky senator’s philosophy makes him the freshest 2016 GOP hopeful, but it’s also raised the ire of the party’s old school interventionists, some of whom are so horrified at the prospect of a Paul presidency that they’ll do anything to stop him – even if it means running themselves. 

Peter King
Rep. Peter King, R-N.Y., whose district includes Long Island, expresses his anger and disappointment during a cable TV interview, on Capitol Hill in Washington, on Jan. 2, 2013.

King is one of at least three Republicans considering security-focused 2016 bids that would put them on a collision course with Paul and, to a lesser degree, Cruz. South Carolina Sen. Lindsey Graham, a leading hawk, recently formed an exploratory committee ahead of a possible run. Former United Nations Ambassador John Bolton is looking at a White House bid as well and spoke last month at Rep. Steve King’s GOP candidate showcase in Iowa. 

In interviews with msnbc, King and Bolton each made clear that Paul’s rise within the party loomed large in their thinking.  

"That really generated my concern,” said King, who has likened Paul to infamous Nazi sympathizer Charles Lindbergh. “What he was appealing to the Republican Party, to me, would be disastrous policy wise and also politically.”

Bolton, who spoke to msnbc after his speech in Des Moines, said he planned to force Paul to account for his “neo-isolationism” (a label Paul rejects) should they meet on the primary trail. 

Related: Rand Paul throws shade at 2016 rivals

Graham is less eager to put himself so explicitly in the anti-Paul camp. Asked by msnbc what impact Paul’s ambitions had on his decision to explore a run he responded: “Zero." 

“It’s all about my vision for the country and national security and economic security,” Graham said.

Still, as one of Paul’s top antagonists in the Senate, it’s easy to imagine Graham taking a similar tack. He’s derided Paul as part of an "isolationist movement in the party” and called his positions “to the left of Obama”– the ultimate GOP insult. Paul is already launching preemptive strikes, telling radio host Laura Ingraham last week that Graham’s “neocon” wing has “never seen a war they don’t like” and that he would be “happy” to debate him in 2016.

Senator Lindsey Graham (R-SC) listens during a press conference on Capitol Hill March 7, 2013 in Washington, D.C.
Senator Lindsey Graham (R-SC) listens during a press conference on Capitol Hill March 7, 2013 in Washington, D.C.

The anti-Paul contingent all say they aren’t worried his views on foreign policy are gaining ground with GOP voters. Since the Islamic State took over swaths of Iraq and Syria and began executing Western hostages, polls show Republicans have reverted to their Bush-era instinct towards aggressive counterterrorism abroad. One Pew poll last September conducted after ISIS’ rise found that 46% of Republicans believed the US did “too little” to solve global problems, up from just 18% who thought so a year earlier. More recent surveys show terrorism high atop GOP voters' list of concerns. 

The fear, rather, is that Paul could get the nomination despite his unconventional foreign policy views if the campaign, as it did in 2012, focuses largely on domestic affairs.

"Republicans are small government conservatives and so an ideological libertarian says a lot of things they agree with,” Bolton said. “The consequences if you don’t require the candidates to elaborate on their national security views [is that] somebody with a view that doesn't reflect the vast majority of the party might slip by.”

Paul has gone out of his way to separate himself from his more ideologically rigid father Ron Paul, who built a large national following with his 2008 and 2012 runs for the GOP nomination and now runs a think tank way out in the political fringe. The younger Paul came out in favor of military action to defeat ISIS after initially telling reporters he was hesitant to get involved. He’s also walked back his opposition to aid for Israel and introduced legislation last month zeroing out aid to the Palestinian Authority.

At the same time, Paul has made clear in speeches that he’s still eager to promote his broader non-interventionist vision of international relations in 2016.

“We can’t retreat from the world, but we can’t remake it in our own image either,” he said in a foreign policy address in October.

Related: Rand Paul sides with White House on Cuba, bucking GOP 2016 trend

In recent weeks, he’s broken with GOP colleagues on legislation imposing new sanctions on Iran, warning their proposal would derail the Obama administration’s effort to negotiate a deal over the country’s nuclear program. Instead, he’s working with Democratic Senator Barbara Boxer on an alternative approach that would kick in only after talks failed.

This delicate balancing act between Paul’s libertarian base and more traditional conservatives is why the debates loom so large in Bolton and King’s fantasy campaigns. They’re convinced that Paul’s most unpalatable ideas will only come to the surface if someone is there to draw them out onstage.

Former Ambassador to the United Nations John Bolton speaks to guests at the Iowa Freedom Summit on January 24, 2015 in Des Moines, Iowa.
Former Ambassador to the United Nations John Bolton speaks to guests at the Iowa Freedom Summit on January 24, 2015 in Des Moines, Iowa.

“I think within the party as a whole it’s a tiny, tiny minority of Republican supporters,” Bolton said of Paul’s approach. “One benefit of a really robust debate on foreign and defense policy is we'll see that.”

Arizona Sen. John McCain, the 2008 GOP nominee who famously coined the phrase “wacko birds” to describe Paul’s wing of the party and has led the Draft Graham effort, boasted to msnbc that Graham “will shine in any presidential debate on national security issues.”

Imagining a matchup with Paul, McCain started to sound like a boxing manager promoting a fighter before a title match. “It wouldn’t be toe to toe,” McCain said. “It would be a gross mismatch.”

Paul's camp isn't above throwing some pre-fight shade themselves. Presented with Bolton and King’s quotes, Paul spokesman Brian Darling responded with a torrent of smack talk worthy of Muhammad Ali. 

“Neither of these self appointed guardians of national security have any chance of even qualifying for one Republican primary debate,” Darling said. “It is outrageous that anybody in the media treats these two as credible. Especially, Rep. Peter King who opposes gun rights, embraces every aspect of big government and is considered one of the most liberal members of the House Republican caucus. These two should be ashamed of themselves for the mud slinging against a fellow Republican, because they are putting personal gain before the long term health of the Republican Party."

Darling has a point about debate qualifications. Past GOP debates required candidates to meet a minimum polling threshold and RNC chairman Reince Priebus has indicated that similar rules will apply in 2016. The anti-Paul candidates will each need to show voters that they’re more than novelty campaigns or they’ll be booted pretty quickly. 

Paul’s biggest weakness, however, is his thin skin. As this month’s vaccine flap demonstrated, he's shown a tendency to lash out when pressed on uncomfortable topics or when he feels he’s been disrespected. He can expect to confront plenty of similar irritants in primary debates and it’s not hard to imagine one of the anti-Paul candidates bogging him down in a distracting side argument or baiting him into saying something he’ll regret. 

As several presidential wannabes learned in 2012, sometimes all it takes is one lousy debate night to knock a candidate out for good. When it comes to stopping Paul, any candidate who can make it to the stage with him has at least a puncher’s chance.