Deadline tonight for DOJ. TRANSCRIPT: 5/15/19, The Last Word w/ Lawrence O’Donnell.

Madeleine Dean, Lisa Graves, Staci Fox, Richard Clarke

LAWRENCE O`DONNELL, MSNBC HOST:  Good evening, Rachel. 


And the situation in Alabama is moving quickly.  We`re going to have Joyce

Vance join us, since she is a former U.S. attorney from Alabama to tell us

what the next legal step is.  This is clearly a law, an abortion ban law

that`s not designed to be implemented but designed to go to court. 




O`DONNELL:  And so, we will hear from Joyce what happens next. 


MADDOW:  The great thing about having Joyce on this issue too is Joyce was

doing the best national legal analysis about that will bill even before it





MADDOW:  So, when it finally did get passed and signed into law, Joyce has

already basically laid the groundwork for how we could understand did. 

It`s interesting, I mean, I don`t know if it is a good road test case but

that`s what they think it is. 


O`DONNELL:  Well, we`ll see what Joyce says. 


MADDOW:  Yes, thanks, Lawrence.


O`DONNELL:  Thank you, Rachel. 


MADDOW:  Well, Elizabeth Warren went to West Virginia to the a place where

most of the voters voted for Donald Trump, a county where 60 percent of the

voters voted for Donald Trump.  She talked directly to Trump voters. 


And some of those Trump voters actually said she did a good job.  They were

impressed with her.  Didn`t say they were going to switch and vote for her

necessarily, but at least one of them was thinking about it.  Elizabeth

Warren said she really enjoyed talking to those Trump voters and is willing

to do it again and is going to do it again anytime and anyplace except on



Later in this hour, we will show you Elizabeth Warren`s explanation for her

decision in her own words about why she will not participate in any

candidate town hall on Fox. 


But first tonight, tonight is the deadline that House Intelligence

Committee Chairman Adam Schiff set on his subpoena for Attorney General

William Barr to turn over the full, unredacted Mueller report to the

committee and the foreign intelligence and counterintelligence information

collected during Robert Mueller`s investigation. 


This morning, Chairman Schiff said it was too early to say as of this

morning whether there had been progress in his talks with the Department of

Justice about that. 




REPORTER:  Any progress in your talks with the DOJ? 


REP. ADAM SCHIFF (D-CA):  You know, too early for me to say for sure.  But

I should know more hopefully later today. 


REPORTER:  Would you consider contempt –  


SCHIFF:  You know, we`re prepared to do whatever`s necessary to make sure

they comply. 




O`DONNELL:  And tonight, it is unclear whether the Justice Department has

yet responded to Chairman Schiff`s subpoena.  We don`t know any more about



Today, the White House counsel sent a 12-page letter to House Judiciary

Committee Chairman Jerry Nadler, rejecting all of Chairman Nadler`s

requests for documents in the committee`s investigation of possible

obstruction of justice by the president of the United States.  The White

House letter to Chairman Nadler said that the committee`s investigation is,

quote, “not to further a legitimate legislative purpose,” and is, quote,

“outside the constitutional authority of the legislative branch.”


Chairman Nadler told reporters his reaction. 




REP. JERRY NADLER (D-NY):  I don`t know whether they`re trying to taunt us

toward impeachment or anything else.  All I know is they have made a

preposterous claim.  Taking that position that a president cannot be

indicted is saying only Congress can hold a president accountable and now

they`re saying that Congress can`t, which means nobody can, which means the

president is above the law and that is an un-American – frankly, un-

American claim. 




O`DONNELL:  Chairman Nadler and other House Democratic leaders are

considering whether they should hold administration officials in contempt

of Congress to highlight the Trump administration`s unprecedented

obstruction of legitimate congressional investigations. 


Today, in what might be the first time since 1934, the concept of inherent

contempt was being discussed on Capitol Hill.  1934 was the last time we

saw inherent contempt used by Congress.  In 1934, the United States Senate

issued subpoenas to a Washington attorney and that Washington attorney

refused to comply with those subpoenas whereupon the Senate sergeant-at-

arms went out and arrested that private attorney and kept him in custody

for inherent contempt of the United States Senate. 


The Supreme Court upheld the Senate`s constitutional power to take such

action in that case.  And now, 85 years after that, the chairman of the

House Judiciary Committee was asked today about inherent contempt. 




REPORTER:  Some of your colleagues want to vote for inherent contempt.  To

fine people who are defying subpoenas.  Is that something you`re seriously

considering at this point? 


NADLER:  Yes. 


REPORTER:  What do you think about terms of dollar amount or fines? 


NADLER:  I don`t know.  Very large amounts. 


REPORTER:  Would it be for the attorney general? 


NADLER:  It would be for any – well, it would be for anybody who was held

in inherent contempt. 




O`DONNELL:  Yesterday, in federal court, a private attorney representing

Donald Trump in a lawsuit trying to block a congressional subpoena of Trump

financial records from an accounting firm used that very same line of

argument that the White House counsel used today in that letter to Jerry

Nadler rejecting the document request. 


William Consovoy, the private attorney representing the president, said in

court yesterday that the congressional subpoenas seeking Trump financial

records did not have a legislative purpose, a legitimate legislative

purpose.  The judge was very surprised at that argument since historically,

congressional subpoenas have been issued for investigative purposes as well

as legislative purposes very broadly defined.  The judge said to the

president`s lawyer: So in your view, Congress`s investigations in

Whitewater, for example, and Watergate were beyond the scope of its

constitutional authority?  To which the president`s lawyer actually said:

I`d have to look at what the basis they were providing. 


The judge was stunned as surely everyone in the courtroom was that the

president`s lawyer was not sure whether the congressional investigations of

President Bill Clinton and President Richard Nixon both of which eventually

led to impeachment proceedings were constitutional.  And the judge went

back and forth with the lawyer at some length, finally getting the lawyer

to admit that the Trump position is the president simply cannot be

investigated by Congress.  Here`s the transcript. 


The court: So Congress in your view cannot determine say, for example, a

president had a financial interest in a particular piece of legislation

that was being considered or an executive action that he was considering in

your view, Congress could not investigate whether such a conflict of

electrical, whether the president has such a conflict of interest or the

conflict of interest might in some way bear on decision making by the



Mr. Consovoy: It would lack legitimate legislative purpose and that is the



Legitimate legislative purpose, that is what that he saying is the reason

they`re defying all of this, that the Congress has no legislative purpose. 


The attorney general of the United States is treating the contempt of

Congress resolution passed against him by the House Judiciary Committee as

a joking matter.  At a ceremonial event today, the attorney general

approached House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, shook her hand, and said loudly

enough for people to hear it: Madam Speaker, did you bring your handcuffs? 


According to “The Washington Post,” Pelosi smiled and responded that the

House sergeant at arms was present should it be necessary to arrest anyone

a person said, adding that Barr chuckled and walked away. 


Leading off our discussion tonight are: Democratic Congresswoman Madeleine

Dean of Pennsylvania.  She is a member of the House Judiciary Committee

whose subpoenas are being defied by the White House. 


Lisa Graves is with us.  She`s a former Senate Judiciary Committee staff

member and a former deputy assistant attorney general under President



And Chris Lu, former White House cabinet secretary under President Obama

and he has also served as the deputy chief counsel of the House Oversight



Congresswoman Dean, what is your reaction today to that 12-page letter

basically saying that there were just no purposes, no legitimate purposes

stated by the Judiciary Committee for obtaining any of this documentation? 


REP. MADELEINE DEAN (D-PA):  I think it`s a stunning letter by the White

House counsel.  And I think Jerry Nadler, Chairman Nadler`s response was

exactly right.  Imagine the letter came to us, to the chairman, suggesting

that we had no business continuing with any more oversight as to the

Mueller investigation, as to obstruction of justice in light of what the

Mueller report says. 


What I am constantly stunned by is members of the Republican Party or this

president or the people who work around this president constantly referring

to no collusion, no obstruction. 


Of course, if you read the Mueller report, you would find something very,

very different.  You`d find more than 160 contacts between the Trump

campaign and Russia for the benefit of the Trump campaign and they knew it. 

That Russia sweepingly and systematically interfered with our elections and

yet we have an administration that seems to care little about that was we

go into the future and into 2020. 


And then we have volume two which says that this administration, this

president showed evidence of obstruction of justice multiple times, as many

as at least a dozen times.  And Mueller himself said he is giving it to

Congress, that it is up to Congress to go forward.  He wanted to preserve

evidence even in the face of the fact that the administration destroyed

evidence and there were things that the Mueller investigation couldn`t even

get to. 


But it`s just a stunning assertion by this counsel but you saw and you just

revealed the stunning ridiculous arguments that were made yesterday before

a court.  So the truth bears very little on this administration and their

legal arguments. 


O`DONNELL:  Chris Lu, we feel lucky to get you here tonight because you

have experience at both ends of these kinds of subpoenas, having worked in

the Obama administration, receiving these kinds I have subpoenas from

Congress, having worked in the oversight committee in the House sending out

subpoenas like this. 


What is your reaction to these developments where the White House is saying

under no circumstances will they respond do anything? 



think the White House counsel would be smart to brush up not only on his

law but also his history, as well. 


This idea, look, certainly, Congress`s investigative powers are not

unlimited.  But the limits are not to be dictated by the executive branch. 

And this idea there has to be a legitimate legislative purpose, that`s

something that this White House has concocted. 


That being said, any first year law student could come up with a dozen

legitimate legislative purposes for every one of these investigations.  So,

it`s not only that they`re wrong on the law, they`re also wrong on the



If you go back and look at the investigations they conducted of President

Bill Clinton, I was on the House Oversight Committee during that period of

time when Congressman Dan Burton, a Republican, did investigations of

things like travel gate, file gate, we ended up doing Whitewater before it

went to the special counsel.  There was an investigations of President

Clinton`s last-minute pardons of Marc Rich, which this White House counsel

has said cannot be investigated by Congress. 


So, the history of Republican investigations is completely at odds with the

arguments they`re making here.  And it`s important to understand if you

take their arguments to their logical extreme, this is a president above

the law.  And so, yes, it is odd we`re talking about inherent contempt,

something that hasn`t been used since the 1930s.  But that tells you we`re

in a little bit of uncharted territory right now. 


O`DONNELL:  Lisa Graves I learned about inherent contempt today.  You could

work for several years in the United States Senate as I did and never even

hear the phrase come up.  That`s the kind of rare territory we`ve stepped




right.  I think that it`s important to understand that those powers go back

you know almost two suns basically.  There`s a lot of black letter law

about Congress` power.  It`s just in this statutory era, Congress has not

used those powers.  It`s been able to get cooperation from presidents and

administrations and been able to use referrals to the Justice Department. 


Here you have a situation where the president and his lawyers and

interestingly and disturbingly the White House counsel and his private

counsel are singing the same tune with this argument that the Congress does

not have the these powers, the powers to investigate the president or to

seek these documents.  That`s in defiance of black letter law.  These are

settled rules that have been settled for many, many years.  And as you

point out inherent power has been rarely used because it`s been rarely

necessary to be used. 


The fact is the Supreme Court has commented repeatedly on the breadth of

congressional investigatory power and the power of Congress to seek

material and get material including talking about it being penetrating and

far reaching, a far reaching power.  And so, these arguments are really in

defiance of the law and in many ways this is like the David Frost, Nixon

interview without it being Nixon and David Frost in which, you know, Nixon

said infamously if the president does it, it must be legal.  That`s where

we are. 


And so, even though there`s no like fire – physical fire, it`s as if the

Constitution is on fire and the article 1 of the Constitution is being

blotted out by these guys. 


O`DONNELL:  Congresswoman Dean, we just heard your chairman of your

committee, Jerry Nadler, say that it feels like the president is trying to

– is taunting you into impeachment.  Is the president taunting you into

impeachment?  And what next? 


DEAN:  I wouldn`t call it taunting.  I would say he may leave us no other

alternative.  He certainly has shown evidence of impeachable offenses. 


I`m a lawyer by training.  And I`m a member of this Judiciary Committee. 

So I care very much about process and making sure we get the truth before

the American public before we do something as grave and as important and

possibly very necessary under this administration.  So, the president may

just be leaving us know other alternative. 


But something I wanted to make sure I make mention of is the fact that as

important as all of this is and as extraordinary as it is that we might be

talking about inherent contempt and I too had to brush up on what that

meant as a member of Congress, it`s extraordinary we are pushed to that

point.  And also, what I hope that your listeners, your viewers want to

know is that while we`re doing this, this is a Congress that is both

walking, chewing gum and flossing at the same time, is what I like to say. 


We have to do it all.  It is important, it is constitutionally our duty to

do oversight on an administration that is the most corrupt, divisive,

deceitful, cruel administration that I`ve ever seen in my lifetime.  But we

also – you have noticed, you have seen us.  We`re passing legislation. 


This new majority is passing legislation whether it`s regarding gun

violence which the Senate is sitting on their hands.  Whether it`s

regarding health care, prescription drug pricing, HR1, which is good

governance and anti-corruption, we are doing it all.  And then we`re also

working back in our districts and working on issues like in my district, we

have an issue of clean water. 


So, this is a Congress prepared to do it all, walk, chew gum and floss at

the same time.  But we will not be shirking our duty of oversight on this

corrupt administration. 


O`DONNELL:  Chris Lu, if you were still at your old job on the House

Oversight Committee, that would you be advising the house to do. 


LU:  Well, I think exactly what they`re doing.  I mean, the House needs to

consider every power it has at this point.  It is trying to get both an

oversight and judiciary trying to get these documents from other sources. 

I`m confident that some of these also prevail. 


Obviously, the court case that was being argued the other day involved the

House oversight and financial records.  We also have for instance in the

House Ways and Means effort to get the president`s tax returns.  There may

be a way to backdoor way to get that through New York. 


So, I think that there are private entities that Congress will be able to

get this information through.  But it is important to understand again

history in all of this.  If you go back to Watergate, article 3 of the

Nixon impeachment was for the president – for President Nixon willfully

disobeying subpoenas of the House Judiciary Committee.  So I don`t know if

this is a president who is consciously trying to bait the House into

impeachment.  There are certainly grounds for it if we get to that point. 


O`DONNELL:  Lisa Graves, take a quick LAST WORD with your advice as a

former Senate staffer to the House.  And I understand that the House

doesn`t like to get advice from the Senate but go ahead. 


GRAVES:  I appreciate that.  You know, I think that I have tremendous trust

in Congressman Nadler and the other chairmen to really pursue this.  I know

they`ve got a great team on board and they`re looking at all options.  And

I think they have to act.  They have to act both morally and for the sake

of our Constitution.  They have to defend the rule of law in the face of

this incredible defiance.  It`s their duty and I know they`re up to the



O`DONNELL:  Congresswoman Madeleine Dean, thank you very much for joining

us once again tonight. 


DEAN:  My pleasure.


O`DONNELL:  We really appreciate that.


And, Lisa Graves, Chris Lu, thank you both for joining us.  Really

appreciate it.


And when we come back, the court challenge to Alabama`s new abortion ban

will begin immediately.  Former Alabama U.S. attorney Joyce Vance will join

us with what happens next. 


Also tonight, as the Trump research administration ramps up hostilities

with Iran, President Trump himself is reportedly in conflict with his

advisers over what to do next with Iran. 




O`DONNELL:  Breaking news tonight.  Alabama`s Republican Governor Kay Ivey

did sign into law a bill that outlaws abortion except in cases of what the

new law calls, quote, a serious health risk to the pregnant woman. 


Cases of rape and incest are not exempt under this bill and doctors who

perform an abortion could face up to 99 years in prison.  The governor

acknowledged that this bill is designed to get the Supreme Court to

reconsider and overturn Roe versus Wade. 


The governor said in a statement, the sponsors of this bill believe that it

is time once again for the U.S. Supreme Court to revisit this important

matter and they believe this act may bring about the best opportunity for

this to occur. 


Alabama`s abortion ban is not slated to take effect for six months but

Planned Parenthood and the ACLU have already said they plan to challenge

it.  Today, the groups filed a lawsuit to block Ohio`s six-week abortion

ban, that doesn`t allow abortions after six weeks, from taking effect in

July, arguing that it directly conflicts with the precedent and the rules

set in Roe versus Wade. 


Ohio is one of four states just this year to impose some form of a ban

abortion after six weeks of pregnancy before most women even know that they

are pregnant.  Courts have already struck down similar laws passed in Iowa,

Kentucky and North Dakota. 


Today, the Democratic presidential candidates reacted to the new Alabama






Alabama, what they did in Georgia is unconstitutional. 



overturn Roe versus Wade.  That`s wrong and we will fight back. 



of an attack on women`s basic human rights and civil rights.  It`s

something that women of America are going to have to fight against with

everything they`ve got. 



under attack and we will not stand for it!  We will not stand for it! 




O`DONNELL:  Joining us now is Staci Fox, the president and CEO of Planned

Parenthood Southeast. 


Also with us, Joyce Vance, former U.S. attorney for the Northern District

of Alabama and professor at the University of Alabama School of Law.  She`s

an MSNBC legal contributor. 


Joyce Vance, what happens next? 


JOYCE VANCE, MSNBC LEGAL CONTRIBUTOR:  Well, next, we`ll see this Alabama

bill begin to face legal challenges.  I suspect we`ll also see an

outpouring of protests, certainly in Alabama where those protests have

already been scheduled for this Sunday.  But I think also across the



And this Alabama bill which is so draconian may spark nationwide focus on

what`s going on in this area. 


O`DONNELL:  Let`s listen to what Pat Robertson had to say today because

Stacey Fox, this may be the first time you find yourself agreeing with Pat

Robertson, at least in part.  Let`s listen to this. 




PAT ROBERTSON, TELEVANGELIST:  I think Alabama has gone too far.  They`ve

passed a law that would give a 99-year prison sentence to people who commit

abortion.  There`s no exception for rape or incest.  It`s an extreme law

and they want to challenge Roe versus Wade, but my humble view is that this

is not the case we want to bring to the Supreme Court because I think this

one will lose. 




O`DONNELL:  Staci Fox, how did Alabama go farther than Pat Robertson`s

willing to go? 



yesterday, Alabama went so far as to ignore the rape survivors that were

standing in the gallery while the Senate was debating this bill.  They

clearly stated yesterday that they don`t actually care about the women of

Alabama and this is no more than a political game. 


We work across Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi.  All three states have

enacted bans like this and are literally playing games with women`s lives

in the South. 


O`DONNELL:  And, Joyce Vance, what do you make of Pat Robertson`s legal

scholarship here saying he actually thinks this is a bad case for abortion

opponents to bring to the Supreme Court, that Pat Robertson thinks this one

will lose. 


VANCE:  Well, if you believe in traditional legal analysis, a precedent

like Roe versus Wade which is almost 50 years old and certainly well-

established is a precedent that can`t be challenged by any of these cases. 

So in that sense, Pat Robertson is absolutely correct. 


The serious prospect that we face here, Lawrence, is watching this effort

not just to the erode, not just to chip away at the protections that Roe

versus Wade established for women but a full frontal assault designed to

eradicate it the in legal precedent.  That`s something that`s not warranted

by the Alabama bill or any other bill. 


O`DONNELL:  I want to take a look at “Glamour” magazine cover, this is a

nonpolitical magazine to say the least.  They have put up there the will

the 25 men who voted for this Alabama bill.  These are the 25 who in

particular voted against an amendment that would have allowed an exception

for victims of rape or incest. 


And, Staci, talk about what the reaction has been in Alabama where you are

in these last 24 hours. 


FOX:  Well, I think Alabamians are horrified, Lawrence.  I mean, just in

the hours after the vote in the Senate last night, thousands of Alabamians

have signed on to veto petition that we`ve stood up and I think in a state

where 51 percent of the population of Alabama are women and where women are

dying from cervical cancer, the state said loud and clear they don`t care

about women`s health.  They care about their own political gains. 


And, Lawrence, to be honest, you know, who are on my mind today are our

patients – our patients who aren`t following the news really closely. 

They`re seeing the headlines and they`re worried that abortion is already

illegal in Alabama.  And I want them to know that will abortion is safe and

legal and available to them and we will fight this every step of the way. 


O`DONNELL:  Good point.  Joyce Vance, this bill does not take effect for

six months.  Can the legal challenge to the bill begin before the bill

takes effect? 


VANCE:  You know, it can and this is typically in Alabama how we`ve dealt

with unconstitutional state laws like we dealt with the Alabama`s

immigration bill in 2011.  The hope here is that folks like the ACLU,

whoever else chooses to challenge this bill, will go into court and have it

enjoined so it will never go into effect and impact the lives of Alabama



O`DONNELL:  Staci Fox and Joyce Vance, thank you very much for joining us

on this important story tonight.  I really appreciate it.


FOX:  Thanks, Lawrence. Thanks, Joyce. 


O`DONNELL:  And when we come back, the Trump administration is ramping up

hostilities with Iran.  President Trump himself is reportedly in arguments

with his advisers over this.  Former National Security Council member

Richard Clarke will join us. 




O`DONNELL:  Big surprise.  Donald Trump is frustrated, “The Washington

Post” is reporting is President Trump is frustrated with some of his top

advisers who he thinks could rush the United States into a military

confrontation with Iran and shatter his long-standing pledge to withdraw

from costly foreign wars according to several U.S. officials.


Yesterday, we saw something at the Pentagon that we`ve never seen before, a

general publicly disagreeing with the president`s position.  This time on

Iran.  The general was a British major general who was appearing at the

Pentagon on video from Baghdad in his capacity as deputy commander of the

American-led coalition in Iraq and Syria which includes British troops.


Well, I guess we don`t have that video.  He came out with a statement that

said he did not see any increased threats from Iran in the region.


The day after that British commander said there is no increased Iranian

threat in Iraq, the Trump administration announced an evacuation of the

American embassy in Baghdad.  The Pentagon disputed the British major

general`s comments calling them “counter to the identified credible threats

available to intelligence from U.S. and allies regarding Iranian-backed

forces in the region.”


But “The New York Times” reports that one American official said the new

intelligence of an increased Iranian threat was “small stuff” and did not

merit the military planning being driven by National Security Adviser John

Bolton.  The “Times” also reports that privately several European officials

described Bolton and Secretary of State Mike Pompeo as pushing an

unsuspecting Mr. Trump through a series of steps that could put the United

States on a course to war before the president realizes it.”


Skeptics about the confrontation with Iran include one of the president`s

most devoted Senate allies Lindsey Graham who asked the state department to

explain why the embassy in Iraq was evacuated and said “I have no idea what

the threat stream is beyond what I read in the paper.”


Democratic Congressman John Garamendi today compared the Trump

administration`s handling of Iran to the incident used to justify American

involvement in the Vietnam War.




REP. JOHN GARAMENDI (D-CA):  Yes, there are problems in Iraq.  Yes, there

are concerns in Iraq.  Do we need an aircraft carrier to deal with those? 

Do we need B-52 bombers?  Or do we have the drumbeat of war here?


Are we headed for a Gulf of Tonkin situation?  I believe we may very well

be in that situation.




O`DONNELL:  The Gulf of Tonkin resolution was passed by Congress in 1964 to

authorize President Lyndon Johnson`s use of force in Vietnam.  After a U.S.

Navy confrontation with North Vietnamese forces in the Gulf of Tonkin, the

details of that naval encounter in the Gulf of Tonkin were later showed to

have been wildly exaggerated and falsely portrayed by the Johnson

administration in order to justify what became an out-of-control American

war in Vietnam in which the United States lost 58,000 troops and in the

end, the United States lost the war.


Next, we`ll be joined by a former national security official who saw the

George W. Bush administration`s march to war in the Middle East.  Richard

Clarke is a former counterterrorism adviser who became one of the strongest

opponents of the Iraq war.  He`ll join us to discuss President Trump, John

Bolton, and what happens next with Iran.




O`DONNELL:  Here is that British major general speaking from Baghdad on

video at the Pentagon disagreeing with President Trump yesterday.





been no increased threat from Iranian-backed forces in Iraq and Syria. 

We`re aware of their presence clearly and we monitor them along with a

whole range of others.  If the threat level perceives to go up, then we`ll

raise our force protection matters accordingly.




O`DONNELL:  Joining our discussion now is Richard Clarke who served three

presidents as a senior White House adviser on issues from cybersecurity to

counterterrorism.  He is now chairman of the Middle East Institute.


Richard Clarke, you`ve seen all of this before.  You saw the ramp up to war

in Iraq.  Does this feel familiar to you and what`s your reaction to that

moment yesterday at the Pentagon where a British general is contradicting

the Trump administration?



very familiar insofar as the United States government is taking an

intentional act, series of intentional acts that will likely provoke

conflict.  That`s what happened with Iraq and maybe what`s about to happen

with Iran.


We are waging economic warfare on Iran.  We announced last month further

economic sanctions on them.  We`re crippling their economy.


They have sent a message, a very clear message to anyone who will listen

that they are going to do something.  They can`t take it anymore.


We`re waging economic war on them.  They will have to do something in

response.  They have said that.


So there is intelligence that they`re doing things.  They`re telling us

through a variety of channels that they intend on doing things.  Including

attacking the Saudis and the Emirates.


And then over the weekend, we saw their Houthi allies do precisely that. 

But let`s be clear.  We are provoking this Iranian action by the economic



O`DONNELL:  The president – according to “Washington Post,” they`re

reporting tonight, President Trump grew angry last week and over the

weekend about what he sees as war-like planning that is getting ahead of

his own thinking on Iran.


One official told “The Washington Post” he is not comfortable with all this

regime change talk which to his ears echoes the discussion of removing

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein before the 2003 U.S. invasion.  And John

Bolton is, of course, one of the people who is known for regime change talk

about Iran.


CLARKE:  Well, as much as I`d like to blame all of this on my friend, John

Bolton, this administration has been consistent since the day it came in

wanting to rip up the nuclear agreement, wanting to impose economic

sanctions, talking about regime change.


It`s not just Bolton.  It`s the president is suddenly waking up and

realizing what he, the president himself, has been saying and doing for the

last two years maybe that`s a good thing.  Maybe it`s not too late.


But we`re getting very close to the edge here.  We`re in a danger zone and

we could have an accidental war where U.S. and Iranian ships or aircraft in

the Gulf could end up fighting each other and it could get out of hand.


O`DONNELL:  And that sounds like the kind of thing that some were referring

to in the “Washington Post” reporting where they`re saying this could move

at a pace that Donald Trump himself doesn`t understand.


CLARKE:  Oh, I think that`s absolutely right.  I don`t think he`s ever been

briefed on the sort of hyper-war that could occur.  How fast it could

involve the Saudis, the Israelis, the Emiratis and us and how major

economic effects could occur.


If oil doesn`t get out of the gulf, if natural gas doesn`t get out of the

gulf, the world economy will be very badly damaged very quickly.  And that

could happen.


O`DONNELL:  So you`re suggesting in a conflict with Iran, it wouldn`t

affect just oil supply from Iran.


CLARKE:  Oh, no.  It would stop the flow of natural gas out of Qatar on

which Tokyo depends.  There`s a one-day shortage of gas flowing out of

Qatar, they`ll probably be brownouts in Japan.  All of the oil and gas that

flows out of the gulf from the five or six countries that export through

the gulf would be affected.


O`DONNELL:  And Richard Clarke, could you stay with us?  Because I`d like

to, after a break here, talk to you about the preparations for cyber

defense in our next election which we don`t really seem to be mounting.  If

we can squeeze in a quick break, if you could stay, I`d like to talk to you

about that.


CLARKE:  Sure.


O`DONNELL:  We`re going to come back right after this break on Richard

Clarke`s assessment of the cyber threat in our next presidential election.




O`DONNELL:  The Mueller report Volume 1, page 51.  In August 2016, Russian

officers targeted employees of a voting technology company that developed

software used by numerous U.s. counties to manage voter rolls and installed

malware on the company network.  Yesterday, Florida`s governor said that

the FBI has told him of two Florida counties where Russian hackers have

tapped into their voter file.


Back with us is Richard Clarke, counterterrorism expert.  Richard Clarke,

your reaction to both of those things.  First that notation in the Mueller

report and then possibly its linkage to what we`re learning in Florida.


CLARKE:  Well, they are linked.  And the remarkable thing about that event

yesterday was the governor of Florida is saying he had been forced by the

FBI to sign a secrecy oath before they would tell him anything.  And they

told him he couldn`t tell the two the counties involved, the citizens of

those counties, or the public, what counties had been hacked.  That`s just



The Russians know what they did.  There`s no reason why the American people

can`t know.  But the larger issue here, Lawrence, is there are 4,000

counties in the United States.  And they are not equipped to protect

themselves against nation-state attacks from Russian GRU hackers.


My day job is cybersecurity.  And I know major corporations can`t figure

out when they`ve been hacked, despite a lot of investment.  For these

counties to say we know we weren`t hacked, they don`t know.  The FBI

doesn`t know.


It`s likely that the Russian hacking was far more extensive than we`re

aware of.  If the Russians wanted to hide their tracks, they`re pretty good

at doing that.


O`DONNELL:  The administration – now, the president has issued no orders

within the administration to augment our defenses against a Russian attack

in 2020.  How much do you expect the bureaucracies within the

administration are doing that anyway even without a specific presidential

directive?  And what do you expect in 2020?


CLARKE:  Well, I expect the Russians to be more sophisticated next time

because we`re on to them.  The bureaucracy is doing what it can but my

experience with running bureaucracy is the less the White House is

directing it, coordinating it, bringing it all together, that real power of

the U.S. government doesn`t get played out.


DHS is doing what they can, FBI, NSA, but it needs White House leadership. 

I know Senator Wyden is about to introduce legislation, the Federal

Cybersecurity Election Act which will give more authority and more

direction but it`s unlikely to get passed.


So we may very well go into the next election without adequate defense

against what will be a more sophisticated Russian program.


O`DONNELL:  And if the Russians really are going after voting machines or

voter rolls, they would presumably be using the electoral college map to do

that.  They wouldn`t waste their time on anything in New York or California

or Alabama for example or Utah where those are very heavily either Democrat

or Republican states, they couldn`t affect the outcome.


They would no doubt go into those states that swung it for the president,

Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, places like that?


CLARKE:  Not only that, Lawrence.  They will go into the swing counties and

the swing precincts.  And they know where they are.


And I wouldn`t be surprised when we do learn what counties were hacked in

Florida if one of them wasn`t Broward.


O`DONNELL:  Richard Clarke, thank you very much for joining us tonight. 

Really appreciate it.


And when we come back, you`ll be able to hear Elizabeth Warren`s reasons

for refusing to appear in a town hall on “Fox”.  That`s next.






My name is J.W. and this is my hometown that I love dearly.




And the people are wonderful people.  I think you`re the second – only the

second presidential candidate to ever to come to Mingo County, to Kermit. 

Anyway, JFK in 1960 came here.  Thank you for coming.


WARREN:  thank you.




O`DONNELL:  Both Massachusetts senators and presidential candidates, the

Democrats who visited Kermit.  That was Elizabeth Warren in Kermit, West

Virginia in a county – Mingo County, where more than 80 percent of the

voters voted for Donald Trump.


According to Politico”, one Trump voter said she done good after her

appearance at the fire station in Kermit.  That voter did not say he was

going to vote for Elizabeth Warren but at least one Trump voter said she

was thinking about voting for Elizabeth Warren after listening to her.


Senator Elizabeth Warren is not afraid of talking to Trump voters.  She

just doesn`t want to do it on “Fox”.

  Yesterday, on Twitter, she explained why she will not participate in a

town hall on “Fox”.


“Fox News” is a hate for profit racket that gives a megaphone to racists

and conspiracists.  It`s designed to turn us against each other, risking

life and death consequences, to provide cover for the corruption that`s

rotting our government and hollowing out our middle class.


Hate for-profit works only if there is profit so “Fox News” balances a mix

of bigotry, racism, and outright lies with enough legit journalism to make

the claim to advertisers that it`s a reputable news outlet.  It`s all about

dragging in ad money, big ad money.


A Democratic town hall gives the “`Fox News” sales team a way to tell

potential sponsors it`s safe to buy ads on “Fox”.  No harm to their brand

or reputation.


Here is one place we can fight back.  I won`t ask millions of Democratic

primary voters to tune into an outlet that profits from racism and hate in

order to see our candidates especially when “Fox” will make even more money

adding our valuable audience to their ratings numbers.


I`m running a campaign to reach all Americans, I take questions from the

press and voters everywhere I go.  “Fox News ” is welcome to come to my

events just like any other outlet, but a “Fox News” town hall adds money to

the hate for profit machine to which I say hard pass.


Tommy Christopher in an article on media I said that he has been unsure

whether Democrats should participate in town halls on “Fox”.  Elizabeth

Warren`s tweets won him over.


He wrote any Democrat who agrees to appear at a “Fox News” town hall after

Warren`s stand is either saying that they don`t believe “Fox News” is an

enterprise fueled by racism and bigotry or that they think there is

something more important than denying it aid and comfort.  Neither should

be acceptable to Democratic voters.


And today, Yashar Ali says that Senator Kamala Harris has also decided not

to appear on “Fox” for a town hall.  Ali reports presidential candidate and

California Senator Kamala Harris will not appear on “Fox News” for a

moderated town hall according to two sources familiar with the matter.


Harris campaign has not yet informed “Fox News” executives of her decision. 

Kamala Harris will appear here on this network for a town hall that I will

host at 10 p.m., the day after Memorial Day, Tuesday, May 28th in

Spartanburg, South Carolina in a county that voted 63 percent for Donald



Kamala Harris will go to Trump country to speak to voters there directly in

our MSNBC town hall.  That is tonight`s LAST WORD.  “THE 11TH HOUR WITH

BRIAN WILLIAMS” starts now.







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