The list of lawmakers supporting impeachment. TRANSCRIPT: 9/26/19, The Rachel Maddow Show.

Adam Schiff, David Laufman, Robert Litt

RACHEL MADDOW, MSNBC HOST:  Good evening, Chris.  Thanks, my friend.  I

appreciate it. 


Thanks to you at home for joining us this hour.


Listen, don`t be embarrassed.  There is no shame in it at all.  You have a

busy life.  You have other stuff going on in your life besides the

impeachment crisis in your government. 


Frankly, even if you don`t have that much going on in your life besides the

impeachment crisis in your government like this guy, still just keeping

track of the evolving news stories about this crisis that we`re now in can

itself be overwhelming.  And, so, honestly, don`t be embarrassed.  You have

nothing to be ashamed of if you have not yet read the whistleblower

complaint.  It`s fine. 


First of all, you can read it later.  It`s not going anywhere.  You can

print it out now or you can save it on your phone or whatever.  You can

read it this weekend when you have some more time if you didn`t have time

today.  It`s nine pages single spaced. 


For me, on a Saturday afternoon, I know that equates almost exactly to one

beer in terms of the amount of time I would expect to spend cozying up with

such a document.  Nine pages, single spaced, that`s about a beer. 


So, you can save it until you have a little bit of time, look at it this

weekend.  But I got to tell you.  The other thing you could do is you could

listen to it tonight or tomorrow on your morning commute. 


Penguin Random House Audio who just full disclosure just did my audiobook

for my book that comes out next week, which is why I know these guys, they

today somewhat miraculously pulled off a completely professional audio

production of the whistleblower complaint.  Read by an award winning

audiobook narrator/actor person who is really, really good.  It is striking

to me because this is a cool thing.  But it is also sort of an amazing

turn-around.  This was only declassified this morning. 


As of right now, you can already download it as the best spy novel

audiobook that I have heard all year.  And trust me, I rip through those

things like you couldn`t believe.  I know of what I speak.  This is really

good.  Listen. 




NARRATOR:  Dear Chairman Burr and Chairman Schiff, I`m reporting an urgent

concern in accordance with the procedures outlined in 50 USC 3033 K5A. 

This letter was unclassified when separated from the attachment. 


In the course of my official duties, I have received information from

multiple U.S. government officials that the president of the United States

is using the power of his office to solicit interference from a foreign

country in the 2020 U.S. election.  This interference includes, among other

things, pressuring a foreign country to investigate one of the president`s

main domestic political rivals. 




MADDOW:  And it goes on from there. 


We have posted a link to that professional audio production of the

whistleblower complaint that was just declassified today.  We posted a link

to that at Maddow Blog tonight in case you want to download it.  It`s free. 


And it is actually a very easy and elegant way to read the complaint

yourself.  I`m telling you there is no shame in admitting you might not

have had a chance to do it yet.  But you, at some point soon, will want to

have read this whistleblower complaint because, holy mackerel. 


We don`t know what the overall scope will be of the impeachment of the

president over this scandal.  It seems clear that the House of

Representatives is going to impeach President Trump over this.  A majority

of members of the House have come out and said they favor an impeachment

inquiry on these matters. 


And when it comes to the core allegation here, when it comes to the

specific thing that led Speaker Pelosi to announce that impeachment

proceedings were being brought against the president, well, it`s very

simple.  I mean, the White House has released material showing that he did

it.  I mean, the core allegation against the president is that he is –

sing it, sister. 




NARRATOR:  Using the power of his office to solicit interference from a

foreign country in the 2020 U.S. election. 




MADDOW:  Using the power of his office to solicit interference from a

foreign country in the 2020 U.S. election.  That`s the core allegation that

has led to these impeachment proceedings against President Trump. 


It has already essentially already been admitted to and proven by material

stuff declassified and released by the White House itself. 


And, so – I mean, it seems quite clear that there will be an impeachment. 

At least the core allegation here is sort of an open/shut thing.  How long

will it take the House of Representatives to go through this process, how

much investigating they will do before they draw up articles and vote on

them?  What else about the president`s behavior related to this core

scandal or what else about the president`s behavior more broadly might be

folded into this impeachment inquiry, we still don`t know.  I`m not sure

the Democrats have yet decided, even among the key committee chairs who at

this point will be steering the ship. 


We`re going to be talking with one of those key committee chairs We can

hopefully get more clarity if there is any clarity to get at this early

point in the process.  But obviously this is going very fast.  And we`ve

had remarkable access to information since this is broken open. 


I mean, over the course of the past two days, we have received the White

House notes from president Trump`s call with the president of Ukraine,

which is the core incident that gave rise to this whistleblower complaint. 

We have now received a declassified version of the whistleblower complaint

itself.  And we have received importantly the inspector general`s take on

that whistleblower complaint. 


And that might just sound like another set of paper related to this, but

that`s actually really important because however the president and the

White House and the conservative media are going to go after the

whistleblower, him or herself, by having the inspector general`s assessment

of that whistleblower`s complaint, we have access to an independent

professional evaluation of the validity of that complaint and the

seriousness of that complaint.  And it was written by the Trump appointed

intelligence official who was legally responsible for receiving that

complaint and deciding whether or not this was something important. 


And this one – this part of it, the inspector general`s letter that

accompanied the whistleblower`s complaint, the whistleblower complaint is

the one that has been turned into an audiobook already.  The inspector

general`s has not yet, but I think this is worth looking at, too.  It is

only five pages.  It is worth seeing. 


It says in part, quote: For the reasons discussed below, among others, I

have determined that the complainant has reported an urgent concern that

appears credible.  Upon receiving the information reported by the

complainant, the inspector general office conducted a preliminary review to

determine whether the report constituted a concern under the whistleblower

law.  As part of our preliminary review, we confirmed that the complainant

is an employee of an element of the intelligence community, an employee

assigned or detailed to an element in the intelligence community, or the

employee is of a contractor to the intelligence community.  That means they

have standing to make this whistleblower complaint. 


Quote: To constitute an urgent concern under the whistleblower law, the

information reported in the complaint must constitute a serious or flagrant

problem, abuse, violation of law or executive order, or a deficiency

related to an intelligence activity involving classified information. 

Here, the complainant`s letter alleged among other things that the

president of the United States in a telephone call with the Ukrainian

president on July 25th sought to pressure the Ukrainian leader to take

actions to help President Trump`s 2020 re-election bid. 


And then here is where the inspector general says, basically, that`s a big

freaking deal.  That`s not the kind of thing you can take lightly.  That

needs looking into.


This is from the inspector general.  Quote: U.S. laws and regulations

prohibit a foreign national directly or indirectly from making a

contribution or donation of money or other thing of value or to make an

expressed or implied promise to make a contribution or donation in

connection with a federal, state or local election.  No foreign person can

contribute to U.S. election, money or thing of a value. 


Similarly, U.S. laws and regulations prohibit a person from soliciting,

accepting or receiving such a donation from a foreign national.  You can`t

ask for or demand that sort of thing from a foreign person or foreign

entity either.


Quote: Further, in my judgment, the judgment of the inspector general of

the intelligence community, alleged conduct by a senior U.S. public

official to seek foreign assistance to interfere or influence a federal

election would constitute a serious or flagrant problem or abuse under law. 

Which would also potentially expose such public official or others acting

in concert with that U.S. public official to serious national security or

counter intelligence risks with respect to foreign intelligence services

becoming aware of such alleged conduct. 


So, that is sort of incredible here, right?  I mean, this is the inspector

general for the intelligence community saying, hey, it is my job to look

into these kind of complaints when they come in.  I have looked into this

complaint.  This person has standing to make this complaint.  What this

person is saying happened here is not only a potentially very serious

criminal violation. 


I mean, asking for help in a U.S. election is a serious crime.  Accepting

foreign help from a U.S. election is a serious crime.  But then there is

also this other part about the potential harm to the country.  If a, quote,

senior U.S. public official is seeking foreign assistance to interfere in

or influence a U.S. election, that is not only a problem in itself, but by

doing that, that public official is now compromised, right?  Because any

foreign government that knows that this U.S. official is doing this can

blackmail that official. 


I mean, the U.S. president may be trying to hide the fact that he has done

with this Ukraine.  We`ll have more on that later.  The U.S. president

clearly has a strong interest.  And it not becoming public knowledge that

he has done this with Ukraine.  That`s a well founded fear on the part of

the president.  He`s getting impeached for this now. 


But nevertheless, he`s gone ahead and done this.  And the White House is

apparently trying to keep it secret.  But there is a foreign country that

knows he did it, right?  Ukraine was there at the scene of the crime. 

They`re the ones who he asked to break the law. 


But even beyond Ukraine, any other foreign country or foreign intelligence

service that knew President Trump was doing this, that knew President Trump

had sought Ukraine`s help for the 2020 election, that foreign country, that

foreign intelligence service thereby has leverage over him, right?  We know

you don`t want this out, it would be a shame if it got out, huh?


Mr. President, we know what you have been doing with Ukraine.  You know how

much trouble you are going to get in if and when this ever becomes public

in the United States.  We`ll keep your secret.  We know your secret, but

we`ll keep your secret if you do something for us.  If you do something you

wouldn`t otherwise do or that would be bad for the United States, we can

leverage you into doing it because we have something to lord over you,



This is why you don`t want foreign countries like having access to

potentially bad behavior by U.S. public officials, right?  This is why you

don`t want U.S. officials in any position of authority or any access to

sensitive or classified information who are doing bad things or who have

secrets in their past or their present lives that could be exploited by

anybody in a foreign country who comes to know of them, most especially the

president of the United States.  And now we know that that is in part how

the inspector general in the intelligence committee was looking at this,

right?  Oh, dear, right? 


Thank you, whistleblower.  I consider your complaint to be credible and

urgent.  If what you said happened actually happened, A, this is freaking

illegal and, B, it`s a counterintelligence threat to the country. 


So, the inspector general looks into it.  As the inspector says in his

letter, quote, I have determined that there are reasonable grounds to

believe that the complaint relating to the urgent concern appears credible. 

My office is preliminary review indicates that the complainant has official

and authorized access to the information and sources referenced in his or

her complaint and that the complainant has subject matter expertise related

to the material and information provided in the complaint. 


Quote: Other information obtained during my office`s preliminary review

supports the complainant`s allegation that among other things during that

July 25th call, the president in fact sought to pressure the Ukrainian

leader to take actions to help the president`s 2020 re-election bid. 

Meaning not only is this serious.  Not only is the person who brought this

complaint a person in a position to know of which he speaks, but the

inspector general with the considerable resources of that office looked

into it and found corroborating information to support the complaint`s

central allegation about President Trump`s behavior. 


And, so, there remains considerable controversy as to how this

whistleblower complaint was handled after the inspector general produced

this report about it which will curl your hair, right?  The complaint comes

into the inspector general.  He looks at it, spends two weeks going through

it, finds it`s credible and corroborated and urgent, and lets the director

of national intelligence know. 


The handling of this matter thereafter will be controversial for a long

time.  The director of national intelligence was raked over the coals today

in the intelligence committee as to why he took this urgent and credible

and corroborated complaint brought to him by the inspector general and

instead of giving it to Congress he brought it to the White House and to

the Justice Department? 


I mean, that controversy is not resolved.  The actions of the director of

national intelligence, the actions of the White House, the actions of the

Justice Department will continue to be scrutinized in this regard and I

think eventually some heads will have to roll in terms of how they

blatantly attempted to suppress this whistleblower complaint. 


But it is out now and we do know what it says and we do know that when the

whistleblower raised alarms about that presidential phone call with a

foreign leader, well, the White House`s own notes from that presidential

phone call track exactly what the whistleblower was raising the alarm

about.  That itself speaks to the whistleblower`s credibility.  Wherever

the whistleblower was getting his or her information, it was good

information because that person in their complaint basically described

exactly what happened in that call.  The president did in fact contact a

foreign country to tell them to take law enforcement action against his

potential rival in the 2020 election here in this country. 


And so that claim by the whistleblower, which started this whole scandal,

is corroborated by the White House`s own documents.  And now, in addition

to that central claim, we got all this new information today because we got

the whistleblower`s complaint.  New information about what Trump and the

Trump White House allegedly did here. 


And I think the easiest way to get through some of it while still allowing

for the prospect of additional breaking news tonight, which I`m sure we

need a lot for, I think the easiest way to maybe get through it is to focus

in on the questions we can now ask in an informed way and the sort of

questions that need answered next and in order.  For me, one of the first

and most urgent questions we need to ask is, what`s going to happen to the

whistleblower, right? 


Part of the controversy around the way this whistleblower complaint was

handled is that the White House and Justice Department under William Barr,

they have made this case that this whistleblower actually isn`t protected

by the federal whistleblower law.  So, even though whistleblowers are

supposed to be protected from being fired or retaliated against or even

prosecuted, if the White House and the Justice Department say, well, yes,

that law doesn`t apply to this complaint, there is a question as to whether

or not that whistleblower may face any those forms of retaliation or

persecution for coming forward. 


On that point, the director of national intelligence did try to give a

personal assurance today that as far as he`s concerned, the whistleblower

should at least be allowed to come forward to Congress. 




REP. ADAM SCHIFF (D-CA):  Director, do I have your assurance that once you

work out the security clearances for the whistleblower`s counsel, that that

whistleblower will be able to relate the full facts within his knowledge

that concern wrongdoing by the president or anyone else, that he or she

will not be inhibited in what they can tell our committee, there will not

be some minder from the White House or elsewhere sitting next to them

telling them what they can or cannot answer.  Do I have your assurance they

will be able to testify fully and freely and enjoy the protections of the



JOSEPH MAGUIRE, DNI:  Yes, Congressman. 




MADDOW:  Will the whistleblower be allowed to speak to the Intelligence

Committee about his or her complaint?  Well, the DNI says yes.  We shall



Beyond just being allowed to speak to the intelligence committees, will the

whistleblower be protected more broadly?  And I mean that in a very basic

sense because you may have heard about this today.  This is the way

President Trump was talking about this matter as of this afternoon at an

event in New York City that was closed to the press, despite the fact that

this audio leaked out. 





never saw the report, never saw the call, he never saw the call, heard

something and decided that he or she, or whatever the hell they saw – sort

of like almost a spy.  I want to know who`s the person that gave the

whistleblower, who`s the person that gave the whistleblower the

information?  Because that`s close to a spy.  You know what we used to do

in the old days when we were smart?  Right?  The spies and treason, we used

to handle it a little differently than we do now. 




MADDOW:  That`s the president today citing the penalty for treason, which,

of course, is execution, while talking not only the whistleblower himself

or herself but about the supreme working inside the White House and the

U.S. government who provided this whistleblower information for his or her

complaint.  You know what we used to do in the old days when we were smart,

right?  The spies and treason, we used to handle it a little differently

than we do now. 


I`m sure the White House will try to pass that off as the president joking

around.  You can hear from – I don`t usually play sound of the president. 

I put those things in a file marked the president says thing. 


But I think it`s worth hearing the actual tone of the president when he

made those remarks today to make sure he was not joking.  It`s the

president threatening today that anybody that gave this whistleblower this

information ought to be executed. 


I mean, let the record show that two days ago, the House of Representatives

formally announced impeachment proceedings against the president on the

basis of this very scandal.  These people that he`s talking about, any

government officials or White House officials who provided information to

the whistleblower who brought this scandal to light, those people are going

to be the witnesses in the impeachment proceeding or they are likely to be

prospective witnesses in the impeachment proceeding against the president,

which is now underway. 


Which means that today, this afternoon, as a matter of law, the president

was threatening witnesses in the impeachment proceeding against him with

death, with execution, and I know the president has said he could stand in

the middle of Fifth Avenue and shoot someone and nothing would happen to

him for it.  Sort of getting closer and closer to a real life test of what

we hoped was a hyperbolic antidote. 


Under William Barr, it should be noted, the position of the Justice

Department right now is not only that the president can`t be indicted if he

commits a crime, the position of the Justice Department under William Barr

is that the president can`t even be subject to the criminal process.  He

cannot even be criminally investigated no matter what he does or how many

people know about it or see him do it. 


So with the president threatening at this closed press event today that

whoever gave this whistleblower information about his own behavior ought to

be executed, I mean, one thing that`s – that`s intimidation of witnesses

involved in a federal investigation.  That`s a crime.  Presumably he

believes he can`t by definition commit a crime. 


I mean, not to get too weird, but if the president decided he knows who

those people are and he decides he wants to carry out that sentence himself

– I mean, would the Justice Department have a problem with that?  What if

he did it openly on the South Lawn, right, in front of Pat Cipollone, the

White House counsel, and Bill Barr, the attorney general?  He`s out there

killing somebody, right?  This is how we deal with spies and treason.  What

would the Bill Barr Justice Department do with that information, right? 


If the president believes it is OK to threaten the witnesses in an

impeachment investigation that has just been launched two days ago and the

lawyers of the Trump administration are telling him no matter what he does,

he`s immune from investigation, let alone prosecution, I mean, the worst

case scenario here really is bonkers.  But that`s what happens when the

Justice Department takes the kind of position that it has and you have got

a president like this willing to take advantage of it. 


The chairman of the Foreign Affairs and Intelligence and Oversight

Committees tonight has just released a new statement in response to this

threat from the president today.  Quote: President Trump is fully aware

that our committees are seeking testimony from this whistleblower and

others referenced in this whistleblower`s complaint released today as part

of the House`s impeachment inquiry.  Our nation`s laws prohibit efforts to

discourage, intimidate or otherwise pressure a witness not to provide

testimony to Congress. 


No officials with knowledge relevant to the committee`s investigation,

including knowledge of the subject of the whistleblower complaint maybe

subject to any intimidation, reprisal or threat of reprisal.  And all

witnesses must be made available for congressional testimony.  The

president`s comments today constitute reprehensible witness intimidation

and an attempt to obstruct Congress`s impeachment inquiry. 


We condemn the president`s attacks and we invite our Republican

counterparts to do the same because Congress must do all it can to protect

this whistleblower and all whistleblowers.  Threats of violence from the

leader of country have a chilling effect on the entire whistleblower

process, with grave consequences for our democracy and our national



Or in other words, Mr. President, what you just did today threatening the

witnesses, that`s another article that we`re going to vote on in your

impeachment.  Congratulations. 


But the shocking news today, I find it alarming sort of, but not surprising

– can those things coexist?  That the president made these threats against

the witness already, right?  The big, unexpected news today that we got

from the whistleblower`s complaint was something that we really hadn`t had

any inkling of otherwise and we didn`t have any reason to expect. 


That was the whistleblower`s allegation that not only did the president

solicit interference from a foreign country in the 2020 U.S. election, but

in addition to that, what the whistleblower`s complaint says is that

multiple White House officials and White House lawyers knew about what the

president did and took unusual and overt steps to cover it up. 


Quoting from the whistleblower`s complaint: The White House officials who

told me this information were deeply disturbed about what had transpired in

the phone call between President Trump and the Ukrainian president.  They

told me there was already a discussion ongoing with White House lawyers

about how to treat the call because of the likelihood in the officials

retelling that they had witnessed the president abuse his office for

personal gain. 


In the days following the phone call, I learned from multiple U.S.

officials that senior White House officials had intervened to lock down all

records of the phone call, especially the transcript of the phone call that

was produced by the White House Situation Room.  This set of actions

underscored to me that White House officials understood the gravity of what

had transpired on the call. 


White House officials told me they were directed by White House lawyers to

remove the electronic transcript from the computer testimony in which such

transcripts are stored.  Instead, the transcript was loaded into a separate

electronic system that`s otherwise used to store and handle classified

information of an especially sensitive nature.  One White House official

described this act as an abuse of this electronic system because the call

did not contain anything remotely sensitive from a national security



And then in what was initially described as a classified appendix to the

whistleblower`s complaint, the whistleblower elaborates in a few more

sentences which would be like the car movie chase scene, shootout, exciting

music, jump cut part of this spy movie, again, this from the originally

classified appendix to the whistleblower`s complaint, quote, according to

multiple White House officials I spoke with, the transcript of the

president`s call with President Zelensky was placed into a computer system

managed directly by the National Security Council`s directorate for

intelligence programs.  This is a standalone computer system reserved for

code word level intelligence information such as covert action. 


According to information I received from White House officials, some

officials voiced concerns internally that this would be an abuse of the

system and was not consistent with the responsibilities of directorate for

intelligence programs.  According to White House officials I spoke with,

this was not the first time under this administration that a presidential

transcript was placed into this code word level system solely for the

purpose of protecting politically sensitive rather than national security

sensitive information. 


And so, question.  If the whistleblower is right and White House lawyers

directed that the evidence of this behavior by the president should be

hidden in a code word protected server that is supposed to be for national

security specific information and it`s not the first time they have done

such a thing – well, who would have had the authority to do that?  Who

would have had the authority to upload this kind of information into that

code word protected secure server?  Who has the authority to check that

server now to see what else they might have secreted there? 


And honestly, how dangerous is it that they have done this?  “The Wall

Street Journal” tonight has further detail on how this White House cover-up

might have worked.  Quote: A highly secure computer system where aids to

President Trump reportedly stashed the details of his call with Ukraine`s

leader is so secretive that even top White House national security aides

don`t have regular access to it. 


It is the most tightly controlled of at least four different computer

systems used by the National Security Council and contains the most

precious of American secrets.  U.S. covert actions in other countries and

counter intelligence probes aimed at finding spies within. 


Quote, working at the White House National Security Council means juggling

multiple computers every day.  One is used for unclassified communications,

a second is run by the Pentagon, it`s known I think it`s SIPRNet.  That`s

for information up to the level of secret.


A third system is for even more sensitive data designated TS/SCI for top

secret/sensitive compartmented information.  That`s the third level. 


Finally, there is the fourth and most sensitive system, the one that was

reportedly used to hide the evidence of President Trump trying to get a

foreign country`s help for the 2020 election.  And this most sensitive

system is managed by the National Security Council`s directorate of

intelligence programs.  It is, officials say, in fact, as the whistleblower

said a standalone system.  It is disconnected from other networks.  The

data it contains can be retrieved only by those who have code word access

to individual intelligence programs. 


Well, who had the necessary access and clearances to hide the president`s

call transcripts on that national security server?  And what can be done

now to follow that incredible, you know, not just revelation, but that

incredible lead on what else they might have done now that we know where

they have been stashing everything? 


Joining us now is Congressman Adam Schiff.  He`s the chairman of the House

Intelligence Committee, and he has had a very long day. 


Sir, thank you very much for joining us tonight.  I appreciate your making



SCHIFF:  My pleasure. 


MADDOW:  I have a whole bunch of questions for you, sir.  But let me just

ask, first of all, if I said anything in there not in keeping of your

understanding of where we are or what the revelations in this scandal have

been thus far?  Did I screw anything up there? 


SCHIFF:  No.  I think you summarized the allegations very accurately and

the seriousness of them and also the irony, the dissonance of hearing so

many of the Republicans today talk about how this whistleblower wasn`t even

listening to the call himself or herself so they`re not credible. 


Well, actually, the allegations are more credible because their sources are

so good.  It would be one thing if the record of the call came out and it

completely contradicted the whistleblower and you could argue, see, the

whistleblower was wrong about the call and therefore, the whistleblower is

wrong about everything else.  But the whistleblower was so remarkably

accurate, it just further enhances the credibility of that person, which

means, I think, that it is far more likely that other information in that

complaint is also accurate. 


MADDOW:  Let me ask you about one specific thing from the whistleblower

complaint which has earned a follow-up from Senator Dianne Feinstein today. 

In the whistleblower`s complaint, the whistleblower, he or she says, in the

days following the phone call, I learned from officials that senior White

House officials had intervened to lock down all records of the phone call,

especially the official word for word transcript of that call that was

produced as is customary by the White House Situation Room. 


Is it your understanding that what the whistleblower is describing there,

the official word for word transcript of the call, is basically the

document that we have seen, those sort of close notes from the White House

on what happened over that call, or is the whistleblower talking about

something that`s even more specific as a transcript? 


SCHIFF:  Well, the short answer is I don`t know for sure.  But the

whistleblower may very well be describing the call record that we have now

seen.  It certainly is an accurate description of that call record.  But

also, it`s not always the case that there is a recording of a call or a

word for word – I mean, not in the sort of term of art sense but actually

a verbatim transcript.  It`s more often I think a summary, as this is. 


So I don`t know that that indicates that there is in fact a separate

recording or transcript of that recording.  But, of course, that`s one of

the things we want to find out. 


MADDOW:  The complaint also says that all records of that call, including

what we think is this document that`s now been released as notes to that

call were locked down in the words of the whistleblower, that they were

essentially migrated on to a special server system that is usually reserved

for the most highly classified information inside the National Security



What`s your reaction to that and does your committee have the authority,

have the jurisdiction to investigate that further? 


SCHIFF:  We certainly have the authority, and we have the jurisdiction to

investigate that. 


And here is another irony today.  That is the Department of Justice

opinions says that the director of national intelligence doesn`t have

jurisdiction here because this doesn`t involve an intelligence issue.  This

involves foreign interference in our elections. 


Well, first of all, that should come as a revelation to the director of

national intelligence that he doesn`t have jurisdiction over foreign

interference.  That is a central part of his mission.  In fact, that`s what

the inspector general meant when he said that this is what the American

people would understand as core to the function of the director. 


But more than that, where do they hide this stuff?  They hide it with a

covert information files in this super secret computer system that`s marked

for classified intelligence information.  So, but apart from that – the

idea that this system is being accused to conceal interactions of the

president with other leaders that may reveal impropriety or illegality or

betrayal of oath of office is one of, I think, the two serious allegations,

core allegations in the whistleblower complaint. 


There is, of course, the most serious allegation that the president was

using his office, abusing his authority to leverage Ukraine while holding

up military aid for that country to manufacture dirt on his opponent. 

There is that whole constellation of issues in which you have got Rudy

Giuliani revolving that constellation and laying the groundwork for that

call and doing who knows what else. 


You`ve got Bill Barr whose role is still undetermined.  The same Bill Barr

on a mission to try to give credence to this conspiracy theory that, no, it

was Ukraine that was interfering in our election, not Russia.  By the way,

that theory that the attorney general has been promoting with his

investigator resources and the president was interested in getting Ukraine

to promote with its investigative resources, that narrative comes from

Russia.  And that makes it all the more insidious. 


MADDOW:  Meaning Russia has been promoting that as a counter narrative to

excuse their own behavior in 2016 and blame somebody else.  That`s where

that started. 


SCHIFF:  Absolutely.  Absolutely. 


MADDOW:  Congressman Schiff, I just want to ask you about this sort of

surprise revelation today about, as you say, hiding the material that

proved the president`s behavior, the evidence of the president`s behavior

in with the covert action files. 


I know that the Gang of Eight, of which you are a member, is the

intelligence committee chairman.  I know your committee, the intelligence

committee, has access to what the intelligence committee does, even the

most secret stuff.  When the whistleblower says that he or she has

information that this isn`t the first time that that secret server has been

used to basically stash information that would otherwise be politically

incriminating of the president but otherwise didn`t belong there, can you

go look at that server and if they have now taken that stuff off the server

after stashing that there before, would there be traces left?  Would there

be evidence that stuff was put there and then removed? 


SCHIFF:  Well, I think it is certainly very relevant to our investigation. 

There is no limitation in terms of what we can see when it comes to

intelligence.  There is no classification so high that it cannot be shared

with Congress. 


But the idea here that this system is being abused to conceal wrongdoing is

so pernicious, and the allegation that the White House counsel if part of

this, White House counsel doesn`t exist to be the president`s criminal

defense lawyer.  That is Rudy Giuliani`s some time job.  I guess the other

part of his job is to get the president out of criminal trouble.  But the

White House council is supposed to represent the office of the presidency. 

It doesn`t represent the office of the presidency when it is helping the

president conceal wrongdoing. 


But here we have such a blurring of the lines between what Rudy Giuliani

does as personal lawyer, what the White House counsel does in its capacity,

what Bill Barr does as the top law enforcement officer.  They`re basically

all part of the same legal team.  There seems to be little division of



And I think that`s a perversion of how the system was intended to work.  We

are certainly going to try to find out what`s in that safe.  And one of the

first things that we did, Rachel, was send everyone concerned a

preservation order to preserve the evidence.  And part of that evidence is

where that evidence is located. 


So, if there is an effort to take that information out of the safe and put

it somewhere else and hide the digital dust that would show that it was

there, that is a very clear act of obstruction of Congress with its own set

of serious consequences. 


MADDOW:  Congressman Adam Schiff, the chairman of the House Intelligence

committee, busy man these days.  Thank you for taking time to be here

tonight, sir.  I really appreciate. 


SCHIFF:  Thank you.


MADDOW:  Important news there actually from Chairman Schiff that the

intelligence committee has sent preservation orders, telling all the

relevant entities involved here, including presumably the White House

Counsel`s Office and others that they can`t throw anything out, they need

to retain all records. 


Obviously, the mantra from the White House, from the Watergate era is that

it is the cover-up not so much the crime.  The destruction of evidence ends

up being one of the ways that you figure out what happened, right? 

Destruction of evidence not only shows consciousness of guilt but that

shows you who is involved, shows you who is involved in the cover-up. 


At this point, there is a lot of leads points at the White House and

specifically at the White House council`s office in terms of how this bad

behavior has been trying – has been covered up so far.  If they are going

to try to stop them from further covering it up, it seems like we will have

to act fast. 


All right.  We`ll be back.  Stay with us. 




MADDOW:  I said at the top of the show, we should like make room and make

plans to have more breaking news.  I didn`t know that anything was going to

break.  I had a sneaking suspicious about it.  But now, “The New York

Times” has broken new news in this story, and it`s interesting. 


According to just reported story from “The New York Times”, the

whistleblower made this complaint through the whistleblower process we have

learned about over the past few days, the letter that was addressed to the

intelligence committees that was delivered to the inspector general of the

intelligence community, the inspector general assessed it, passed it on to

the DNI.  The DNI bottled it up after consultations with the Justice

Department and the White House, didn`t just hand it on to the intelligence

committee immediately.  That`s a continuing source of controversy. 


Now, according to “The New York Times”, this whistleblower lodged these

allegations through a separate whistleblower process, through an anonymous

process at another intelligence agency around the same time that he or she

separately filed the whistleblower complaint that we already know about. 

The whistleblower delivered a somewhat broad accusation anonymously to a

lawyer at an intelligence agency. 


The initial allegations reported only that serious questions existed about

a phone call between Mr. Trump and a foreign leader.  That intelligence

agency began to try to assess whether a reasonable basis for the accusation

existed.  That agency then learned while interrogating the complaint that

multiple people had raised concerns about Trump`s call with that foreign



That intelligence agency then called in John Eisenberg, deputy White House

counsel, who also was staff to the National Security Council.  Eisenberg,

the intelligence agency who had been alerted by the whistleblower and their

deputies, quote, spoke multiple times the following week.  They decided the

accusations had a reasonable basis. 


Those officials spoke on August 14th to John Demers, who`s the head of the

National Security Division at the Justice Department, according to three

people familiar with the discussion.  Demers, the head of the National

Security Division at the Justice Department then went to the White House to

read the transcript of the president`s call, to assess whether or not to

alert other senior law enforcement officials.  Mr. Demers decided to notify

the deputy attorney general, the number two person in the Justice

Department, Jeffrey Rosen, and Brian Benczkowski, who`s the head of the

department`s criminal division. 


Department officials began to discuss the accusations and whether and how

to follow up.  Attorney General William Barr learned of the allegations

around that time.  While Mr. Barr was briefed, he did not oversee the

discussions on how to proceed.  As the White House, the intelligence agency

and Justice Department officials were examining the accusations, the

whistleblower who had lodged this complaint anonymously with the

intelligence agency grew concerned after learning that his or her

intelligence agency had contacted the White House and that is why the

person decided to pursue this whistleblower complaint through a separate



Joining us now is David Laufman, who is a former chief of the

counterintelligence section of the Justice Department under President Obama

and through the first year of the Trump administration. 


Mr. Laufman, I know that you were just receiving this information as

reading in on this as I am here, so I don`t want to test you on it.  But I

do want to ask your initial reaction to this breaking news story I just

tried to recount. 



Well, the first thing I react to is that this whistleblower engaged in

herculean efforts to operate through legitimate, lawful processes to make

known his or her concerns about the president`s alleged abuse of power, and

so is to be further credited for operating through appropriate channels. 


MADDOW:  When you look on balance on what the whistleblower is alleging

about the president`s behavior and we now know about behavior within the

White House, involving White House lawyers and other White House officials

so essentially submarine evidence of the president`s behavior by hiding it

in a secret server that wasn`t designed to hold that kind of information,

when you look at the balance of that actual allegation and the continuing

evolving story that we got about how the whistleblower`s allegation was

handled at all levels of government in the intelligence agencies by the

intelligence community inspector general, by the DNI, the involvement of

the Justice Department, the involvement of the White House council`s

office, are you sort of equally concerned about those two things?  How do

you feel about the handling of the complaint vis-a-vis the overall serious

about what he or she is alleging? 


LAUFMAN:  Well, some of these actors performed credibly.  The inspector

general of ODNI did exactly what he should have done.  I think his legal

analysis on its face appears sound.  There could be potentially, you know,

reasonable disagreement by lawyers parsing the words of a statute, but I`d

have to say that the Department of Justice`s interpretation seemed a little

contorted to determine that disclosure to Congress was not mandated. 


But in any event, we now have these allegations before us.  And it will be

up to Congress to undertake a thorough investigation that can withstand

public scrutiny in which they have complete access to all the necessary

information to arrive at sound, factual conclusions. 


MADDOW:  As a Justice Department professional with the kind of national

security background that you have and counterintelligence work that you

have done, one of the reasons I wanted to talk to you today Mr. Laufman is

because of the counterintelligence concerns that were raised in a letter

from the inspector general here saying that a U.S. public official did what

is described by this whistleblower.  That raises serious concerns in terms

of foreign country`s foreign intelligence services finding out that this

had happened and potentially using it as leverage.


I mean, how serious to you is this alleged misbehavior and do you think

that the house of representatives is warranted in their decision to pursue

potential impeachment simply over this matter? 


LAUFMAN:  I think this particular allegation is extremely serious.  We`re

talking about an abuse of power by the president of the United States to

coerce the leader of a fledgling democracy fighting for its life against a

primary neighbor, an aggressor, our primary adversary, to conduct an

investigation aimed at developing dirt on a domestic political rival.  If

that is not a quintessential example of high crimes and misdemeanors, I

don`t know what is. 


Having said that, there is still lies before us the necessity for a robust

investigation by Congress that is comprehensive, that can withstand public

scrutiny and that the American people can have confidence in.  But the core

allegations that are before us now, whether or not that type of

investigation ensues, could not be more disturbing. 


MADDOW:  In terms of the alleged – forgive me – the cover-up as alleged

by the whistleblower in the complaint we had made public today, this

allegation that White House lawyers directed White House officials to

basically misfile, to migrate this transcript of the president`s call into

a super secure server that`s designed for the most serious and secret

national security sensitive information to essentially hide this there to

limit the number of people who could see it, to limit the potential damage

and exposure of this behavior by the president, it`s hard for me as a

layman to assess the propriety of White House lawyers ordering such a thing

or if White House officials following through on it. 


What is your take on that?


LAUFMAN:  I mean, certainly, you know, their motivation is central, I

guess, to an assessment of the priority of it.  If they were putting it

there for safekeeping to make sure nobody else screwed around with it,

maybe they should be given a gold star.  But if they were putting it there

to conceal it from congressional oversight or from anybody else that

learned about it and wanted access to it, that`s pretty disturbing. 


MADDOW:  Dave Laufman, former chief of the Justice Department`s

counterintelligence section, sir, I really appreciate your time tonight. 

Thank you for making time to be here. 


LAUFMAN:  Good to be with you, Rachel.


MADDOW:  All right.  We`ll be right back.  Stay with us.




MADDOW:  We`re continuing to cover this still developing story tonight that

has led to impeachment proceedings being opened against President Trump. 

And that led today to the public release of a whistleblower complaint, a

whistleblower complaint that outlined concerns about the president seeking

dirt on a potential political rival ahead of the 2020 election.  But also,

concerns about how the White House dealt with records related to the

president`s call with the president of Ukraine that was the basis for the

whistleblower`s complaint. 


In this complaint that was unsealed today, the whistleblower says, quote,

White House officials told me that they were, quote, directed by White

House lawyers to remove the electronic transcript from the computer system

in which such transcripts are typically stored.  Instead, the transcript

was loaded into a separate electronic system that is used to store and

handle classified information of an especially sensitive nature. 


The whistleblower goes on to say that he or she was informed that this was

not the first time the White House had done such a thing, using the special

secure server to essentially hide information that was not nationally

security sensitive but was politically sensitive because it related to the

president`s own potential misbehavior. 


Joining us now is Robert Litt.  He`s a former general counsel for director

of national intelligence under President Obama. 


Mr. Litt, thank you so much for making time.  I appreciate it. 



Thank you for having me, Rachel. 


MADDOW:  First of all, I would like to get your overall take on where we

are and what we understand about this story.  It has only been a couple of

weeks, less than two weeks since we first learned about the existence of

this whistleblower complaint.  What do you think overall given your

experience at ODNI about what we`ve learned thus far in the series of this



LITT:  In my opinion, it`s important to keep our eyes on the most important

aspect of this, which is the potential abuse of power by the president of

the United States, not only the mere fact of trying to enlist a foreign

government in digging up dirt on his political opponents but the apparent,

on its face, threats of extortion where you know, it is sort of a nice

little country you have here.  It would be a shame if something happened to



And that to me is the core of this.  I happen to disagree with Congressman

Schiff on whether the DNI`s behavior was appropriate or not, but I think

that`s a side issue because we`ve got the complaint now.  We`ve got the

transcript now. 


Similarly, with respect to the issue of how this document was handled

within the White House, and placing it on a special server, I think that`s

– I think that`s significant.  I think that`s wrong.  I think that

reflects that people at the White House knew what the president was doing

was wrong.  But I think it`s not the core. 


I think the core here is, what – did this president abuse his presidential

powers for personal benefit?


MADDOW:  In terms of the aspect of it that you`re describing here as a side

issue.  But it`s new to us today and I think for a lot of us – 


LITT:  Yes.


MADDOW:  – outside the intelligence world, it`s hard to get your head

around and it`s interesting.  I guess, to know that the National Security

Council uses multiple levels of computer systems that are various levels of

classified and unclassified information, if they have routinely or

regularly or at least multiple times been stashing information on the most

secure of those servers, specifically to prevent people who would otherwise

have access to that information from seeing it, essentially pretending it

is more classified information than it is, presumably that should be under

the oversight of the director of national intelligence. 


That`s an intelligence community type concern.  It is hard for me to

imagine who investigate that`s sort of thing and makes sure that something

like that is being properly done and not abused. 


LITT:  Well, you`re right.  It is hard to determine who should investigate

it, because the White House takes the position that the president has the

ultimate control over all classification.  In particular, Congressman

Schiff earlier mentioned covert action.  And it has always been the

position of the president that that is something the president controls

directly and the DNI doesn`t control. 


So, I think the White House will probably take position that this is their

own systems, and the DNI can butt out and Congress can butt out. 


MADDOW:  If the White House counsel`s office has been accessing that very

secret server, that highly classified server, and they`re not supposed to

be, is that the sort of thing that the White House is also supposed to

self-police on? 


LITT:  Well, I don`t know that we know that anybody had access to the

server who was not supposed to.  The question was, was this information on

that server that didn`t need to be on that server?  And that`s what I think

the allegation here is, that things were put into this server to which

there was extremely limited access. 


But as you noted, John Eisenberg, who is the deputy White House counsel and

the legal adviser to the National Security Council, he would have had

access to that and other people in his staff would have.  But a lot of

people who otherwise would have access to memoranda of presidential

conversations would not have access to that. 


MADDOW:  Robert Litt, former general counsel for the director for national

intelligence, I know this stuff is sort of run-of-the-mill work a day stuff

for you guys within the intelligence community.  To us laymen, it`s brand

new and it`s really helpful to have your help and understanding.  Thanks

very much for your time tonight.


LITT:  You`re quite welcome.


MADDOW:  All right.  We`ll be right back.  Stay with us. 




MADDOW:  Up until now, the impeachment issue has harshly fallen along

partisan lines.  But, tonight, the Republican governor of Vermont, Phil

Scott, says he supports an inquiry.  He`s told the “Washington Post,”

quote, Congress has a solemn responsibility to every American to fulfill

its role in our government system of checks and balances.  The Republican

governor of Vermont.


Also, another blue state Republican governor, Massachusetts Governor

Charlie Baker has also called on Congress to investigate President Trump`s

actions, although he stopped short of using the term impeachment inquiry. 


Obviously, those guys have no role in the impeachment process whatsoever. 

But along partisan lines, it is a break nonetheless. 


That does it for us tonight.  We`ll see you again tomorrow. 




Good evening, Lawrence.







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