The Rachel Maddow Show, Transcript 12/10/13

Joe Cirincione, Francine Wheeler, David Wheeler

RACHEL MADDOW, MSNBC HOST: Thanks to you at home for joining us this
hour. Watch.


a democratic and free society, in which all persons live together in
harmony and equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for
and to achieve but if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to



MADDOW: President Obama today in Johannesburg quoting the words of
Nelson Mandela in his extended eulogy at Mr. Mandela`s memorial today which
was held in a huge soccer stadium that had been built for the World Cup in

President Obama was one of five presidents or heads of states who
spoke at the service today. One of the others was Raul Castro, brother of
Fidel Castro and lately the president of Cuba.

President Obama`s hand shake with Raul Castro at this memorial service
today does not seem to have been intended to have any diplomatic
consequence other than being polite at a funeral. But it nevertheless
caused a significant portion of the belt way and the American political
right to get very, very excited today and not in a good way.

Senator John McCain went too far as to say today that the hand shake
with Raul Castro today was just like Hitler. Yes, that Hitler, seriously,
that`s what he said.

Here at home tonight, the big news out of Washington was the rather
unexpected announced from Republican Congressman Paul Ryan and Democratic
Senator Patty Murray that the two of them have come to an agreement. They
have agreed on a bipartisan budget deal. If their deal does pass the house
and pass the Senate at lightning speed basically by the end of this week,
their plan would undo some of the pain of the sequester and it would make
sure we don`t have another government shutdown threat sometime in mid-

Some Washington conservative groups already said they were against
this deal even before they knew what was in it today, so who knows if the
Republicans in the House are going to be able to whip the votes necessary
to get this thing passed? But unexpected, as of late tonight, it is at
least on the table.

In the Senate, today, they took their votes to confirm nominees for
executive branch appointments, and federal judgeships, since the
Republicans lost the ability to block nominees with only a minority of
votes. By winning majority votes in the Senate, Patricia Millett was
confirmed today to be a federal appeals court job and former Congressman
Mel Watts was confirmed for a federal housing position.

Getting confirmed because a majority of senators voted for you didn`t
used to be a newsworthy thing in this country. But today, that was big
news in Washington because it has not been that way for a along time now,
but now that Democrats have killed Republicans ability to filibuster
nominations, they`re actually getting people through.

Also tonight in Massachusetts, voters have just chosen their newest
member of Congress. When John Kerry was named secretary of state, his
Senate seat, of course, opened up and it was ultimately filled in a special
election by Democratic Congressman Ed Markey. That left Ed Markey`s
district in need of a special election as well.

And tonight, Massachusetts voters chose Democrat Katherine Clark to
take Ed Markey`s old seat. Didn`t hurt that that district is pretty close
to 100 percent Democratic. And her Republican opponent doesn`t even live
in the district.

But congratulations are still in order, Congresswoman Katherine Clark,
Democrat of Massachusetts is due to be sworn in day after tomorrow.

But today on the East Coast, the snowstorm that was expected to snarl
commutes and workdays and school days, ended up not being as big a storm as
was feared. Though it does dump snow and slush and cold wetness on scenes
like this.

This is the street out in front of the federal immigration facility in
Elizabeth, New Jersey. Elizabeth is a working class town, about 15 minutes
south of Newark. And in Elizabeth, New Jersey today, in the very cold,
very early morning, several dozen people gathered outside the immigration
facility and they started chanting “Not one more, not one more,” meaning
not one more deportation, not one more family separated by the way that we
run immigration policy in this country.

Yesterday, before they went out there this morning, eight of the
protesters posted a video explaining why they were doing this, why they
intended to head out into the street and get themselves arrested for this
cause today. And then this morning, with the snow falling and the slush
piling up, those activists laid themselves down in the freezing wet street
outside the building where the government holds people before driving them
away in a bus for deportation.

We have been following protests like this one in other parts of the
country for the last few months now, young people, usually young people,
putting themselves in the way, physically in the way of these busses filled
with their mothers on their way to being forced out of the country. In
Elizabeth today, they formed a human chain and they laid down in the snow
covered street, the activists chained themselves together, but they put
their arms inside these big PVC pipes when they did it so the authorities
would have to very careful in trying to separate them, they wanted to slow
the process down essentially. It makes the protests take longer so they`d
have a longer time to make their point.

In the end, firefighters and city police officers used small buzz saws
to cut the pipes apart and then cut the chains apart and cut the activists
apart, it took them about 20 minutes to cut all the locks and remove all
the pipes and take those eight protesters off to jail.

Those activists today are trying to persuade congress to pass
immigration reform. Specifically they`re trying to persuade Republicans in
the House, since the Senate already passed reform this summer, with 14
Republican senators joining the Democrats in voting yes. That was this
summer, and now, it`s cold and month after month after month has drained
away since the Senate acted. House Republicans have never brought it up
for a vote and now, there is really there`s almost no time left. The House
leaves town for the year on Friday, which means that Speaker Boehner has to
bring up immigration reform tomorrow if he is going to bring it up this
session at all.

Supporters of reform have been fasting for a month now on the National
Mall in Washington, D.C. They`ve gone without food. They have been
talking to anybody who stops by about what they are fasting for. They have
been visited by the president himself and the first lady. By cabinet
members, by members of Congress from both sides of the aisle, Democrats and
Republicans, they say they have twice written to House Speaker John Boehner
personally but they have not heard back from him.

Yesterday, they posted this picture of the activists trying to talk to
Speaker Boehner, asking him to please allow a vote on immigration reform in
the House before the session is over.

Dana Milbank at “The Washington Post” reports today that unless John
Boehner surprises everybody and agrees to bring the bill up for a vote,
those people who have been fasting on the mall in D.C. are planning to
announce that they`re folding up their tents there and they will be moving
to on to new strategies. And, you know, it would be one thing if
immigration reform was just a Democratic priority that the Republicans were
against and since they hold the House, they can stop it, right? That`s
where a lot of things to stop in Washington, on those terms.

But that`s not actually true about immigration reform. Republicans
say they want it too. Republicans began this political season saying that
immigration reform was something they wanted to do for their own party`s
interests. I mean the tears had scarcely dried on Mitt Romney`s political
headquarters in November when Republicans and conservatives in the media
started saying that his anti-immigration stance had been wrong in the
campaign and was a mistake in both policy and politics.

It was not long after this election before the Republican Party said,
you know what? We ought to be calling for immigration reform now, too.
Mitt Romney was wrong, we need to move on.



REP. JOHN BOEHNER (R-OH), HOUSE SPEAKER: It`s an important issue that
I think ought to be dealt with. I think a comprehensive approach is long
overdue. And I`m confident that the president, myself, others, can find
the common ground to take care of this issue once and for all.

HALEY BARBOUR: We not only need PhDs in science and technology, we
need skilled workers and we need unskilled workers, and we need to have an
immigration policy that is good economic policy.

SEAN HANNITY, FOX NEWS: He we got to get rid of the immigration issue
altogether. It`s simple for me to fix it. I think you control the border
first, you create a pathway for those people that are here.


MADDOW: All November 8th, those are all immediately after the
election. In the aftermath of losing that last election, losing the White
House, losing seats in the House, losing seats in the Senate, and into the
2013, Republicans have continued calling for immigration reform on
Republicans` own terms. Congressman Eric Cantor said there ought to be a
path to citizenship. Congressman Paul Ryan who had been Mitt Romney`s
running mate. He started speaking in moving terms about immigration
reforms being absolutely in keeping with Republican conservative

These are not immigrant activists sitting in a tent on the Mall.
These are the leaders of the Republican Party saying that want to get it
done, and they have had all year, and they have not gotten it done
anything. They have all year, nothing. And neither have they done much of
anything else.

This Congress, the one now limping to a close, has passed fewer laws
than any Congress in modern history. Seriously, they have made history for
doing less than anyone ever. In legislative terms, they have made such
little forward progress this year that it cannot be observed with the naked
eye. They have established a new low, congratulations.

If you`re one of those people who has wanted this Congress to do
something this year, you have been out of luck. Congress has very likely
not done whatever it is you would hope it would do, or even what Congress
promised that it wanted to do. And that it has the votes to do if only
they`ve allowed a vote.

This Congress right now is just now in the business of doing things.
So, if you wanted them to do something, they haven`t done it.

Now, on the other hand, there are also people who have been hoping
that Congress would not suddenly wake from its long slumber, who have been
hoping that Congress could just snooze along for a few more days.

Last month, President Obama announced a historic deal with Iran. It
reached an agreement in which the U.S. and other countries would ease up on
sanctions against Iran. In exchange, Iran would stop or slow down much of
its nuclear program for six months while also allowing international
inspectors to visit their nuclear facilities every day, daily, for six
months. And during those six months, negotiations would continue for a
longer term and a bigger deal.

It was a historic deal to work on a deal – essentially a first step,
but a really important first step that was really hard to get to.
Inspectors were there on the ground in Iran this weekend. Their work has
already started. The deal is already in effect.

The only problem is Congress. Lawmakers in both houses on both sides
of the aisle have been saying, oh, forget this deal, we hate this deal. We
want more sanctions on Iran now.

If they succeeded, if they passed new sanctions, the new agreement
with Iran would be off immediately. Iran has been very clear on that. If
new sanctions passed, the entire thing would be lost as soon as they

Now, everybody who likes that there`s this deal with Iran, a potential
diplomatic solution to this vexing problem, everybody`s been saying, hey,
Congress, don`t screw this up. Secretary of State John Kerry was trying to
persuade Congress, do not screw this up. Do not to scuttle the agreement
by messing with and trying to pass sanctions that would absolutely kill the

And it appears, maybe, and maybe just for now, that John Kerry has won
that argument, at least for now. Or at least it appears that Congress
can`t get its act together enough to pass the sanctions that they would
like to pass that really would screw up the deal. After a year of record
futility, Congress`s inability to do anything might have saved them their
best efforts to screw up and undo a huge diplomatic achievement.

So, congratulations, they have failed to fail. This Congress has set
new benchmarks for incompetence and inability and do nothingness and
obstruction – nobody has ever been worse than this Congress in the history
of there being congress. And if you wanted this Congress to act for your
cause like say immigration reform, it is undoubtedly been a very
frustrating year.

But if you wanted them to not act, for their own cause, that you
thought was a bad idea, well then, that`s the bright side. Their
ineptitude and fundamental incompetence may finally have done you some
good. They may have failed at their worst idea.

Joining us now is Joe Cirincione. He`s a member of the Council on
Foreign Relations. He`s president of the Ploughshares Fund, which is a
global initiative aimed at eliminating nuclear weapons and he is the author
of the new book “Nuclear Nightmares: Securing the World Before It is Too
Late”, which I`m telling you, I had read and is not nearly as scary as it

Joe, how are you? It`s nice to see you.

JOE CIRINCIONE, PLOUGHSHARES FUND: I`m thrilled to be here. Thank
you very much for having me, Rachel.

MADDOW: My sense is that Congress really does want to pass new
sanctions on Iran, they might very well have enough support in both Houses
to do it. And that if they had done it, this deal with Iran, this fragile
first step deal with Iran would have been kaput immediately.

Is that true?

CIRINCIONE: That is exactly right. It`s a deal explicitly rules out
any new sanctions, it`s a deal negotiated between the U.N. Security Council
and Germany and Iran. So it`s a seven-nation deal. It explicitly says no
new sanctions are allowed. So, if the Congress patches new sanctions it
would kill the deal.

One of the benefits of a do-nothing Congress is those times where you
really don`t want them to do anything. Do no harm. Thankfully, it looks
like they won`t get a chance.

MADDOW: You are the nation`s – I think most a articulate advocate
for the idea of down scaling nuclear weapons to the point of disappearance
and taking care of both the nuclear threats and proliferation threats as
they exist around the world.

How impressed are you by the terms of the deal in Iran that now has
not been screwed up? Is it an important first step? Is it possible that
it will fail after six months and Congress might want to revisit the issue
of sanctions?

CIRINCIONE: Oh, it`s absolutely possible this might fail. The
president himself gave this a 50/50 chance of success. This is just phase
one of the deal.

It freezes the Iranian program in place so that while you negotiate,
they`re not stealing march on us. They`re not continuing to build. They
can`t install any new centrifuges. They can`t turn on any of the
centrifuges that are operating.

This does what Mr. Netanyahu wanted a year ago when he stood up with
the podium at the United Nations and how that cartoon of the bomb. He
warned that if they continue to enrich uranium, they might cross the red
line. This deal drains that bomb of the uranium. It pushes them further
away from the ability to bolt.

So, now, that your sanctions that the Congress passed and the
executive actions that the president have taken have worked, you have Iran
at the table, you`ve stopped the program, you`re working on a long-term
deal, don`t screw it up by adding more sanctions by thinking that you can
coerce Iran into even better terms of a deal, give diplomacy time to work.

MADDOW: If the point of sanctions was to get them to the table, now
they`re at the table.


MADDOW: It doesn`t seem that complicated.

If the U.S. does succeed with this deal, if again, as you said, it
remains to be seen, but if progress is made down this path, the other
vexing nuclear problem in the world in terms of – would be rogue states
is, of course, North Korea. If we can make progress with Iran by these
means, does it potentially open up any doors with North Korea?

CIRINCIONE: Yes, it does. You often hear people talk about states
like Iran and North Korea. But there are no states like Iran and North
Korea, there`s only Iran and North Korea, the only two countries in the
world with nuclear programs this advanced, this dedicated.

If you can solve Iran, if six months from now you can get a final
agreement that dismantles large portions of the program that puts it under
excruciating inspections, that you can be assured that they`re not going to
get a bomb, but you have already solved half the problem. And that might
serve as an incentive for North Korea to negotiate a deal and for those
countries around it to try this same combination of pressures and
incentives. And if you can do that, if you can solve North Korea, you`re
really looking at the end of proliferation, this wave that has spread over
the last 68 years since Hiroshima might actually have crested and come to a
full halt. That is historic.

MADDOW: Could be done with diplomacy, as long as Congress can`t get
its act together to screw it up. I love that we`re dependent on that at
this point. Keep tripping, keep tripping. Amazing.

Joe Cirincione is president of the Ploughshares Fund – the new book,
again, is called “Nuclear Nightmares: Securing the World Before It Is Too
Late.” It`s excellent work. I blurbed it and I don`t do for anybody.

CIRINCIONE: Thank you very much. Your great complimentary. Thank
you very much.

MADDOW: It`s great work. Thanks, Joe. Congratulations on that.

CIRINCIONE: You`re an inspiration. Thanks for having me on.

MADDOW: All right. We`ll be right back.


MADDOW: Every time anyone calls 911, the call is recorded. And that
makes sense. Not only do 911 dispatching calls need to be monitored in
terms of their quality, but sometimes 911 calls end up being part of, for
example, a criminal case, they end up being part of evidence.

So, those kind of calls always get recorded. And in many cases, those
recorded calls, of people calling 911, those calls are subject to public
records request. That`s why you can hear on local news today in Wisconsin
for example – the calls that people made to 911 during this multi-care
pile-up in a snowstorm this weekend. It`s why we get to gawk at 911 call
audio for celebrities end up in accidents, or involved with the police for
some reason.

Calls to the emergency services in most cases end up being in the
public domain. And when the mass shootings happened almost a year ago now
in Newtown, Connecticut, there were two different types of 911 calls that
were made that way, people calling 911 on cell phones, by and large, they
had their called routed to state police. People called 911 from land
lines, their calls were largely routed to the local police department, and
it was those calls to the local PD that ended up being subject to public
records request.

Newtown did not want the audio of those calls to be released. The
state tried to change the law after the fact, to shield those calls from
the media. The state prosecutor who is investigating the shooting at Sandy
Hook went to court to try to keep the sound of those calls from being
publicly released.

But a lawsuit by “The Associated Press” succeeded in prying the tapes
loose. And then, last week, over the objections of many of the victims`
families and the town and the investigators, those tapes were released and
every media outlet had its own choice to make about whether or not to air
them and most organizations did not air those tapes. Some did, including
incredibly the “CBS Evening News” and also FOX News, they decided to
broadcast the tapes essentially because of their entertainment value,
because there really was no news content to those tapes at all. There was
nothing that the public learned from those tapes, that was not only already
known about the incident or that could not be discerned from transcripts.

But some news organizations played them anyway, including the sounds
of the gunshots that were fired at those kids and those teachers in real
time. Why did we need to hear that?

We have a free press. Every news outlet gets to make its own
decisions about what it wants to broadcast and what is descent, and what
its anchors and its executives can live with when they wake up in the
morning and look at themselves in the mirror.

But on the day the tapes were released, this sign was put up on the
telephone pole in Newtown, Connecticut. “Vulture media, you got your
tapes, are you happy? Please leave.”

Obviously, this is nothing official and whoever put this up on the day
the 911 tapes were played is not speaking for the whole town, but you do
kind of get the point.

In Newtown, Connecticut, over the last year, the town has taken pretty
extraordinary measures to try to take care of itself as a community, not
just in terms of handling their own grief for what they went through, but
also handling the additional burden, the additional pain that has been
caused however inadvertently by the intense national interest, the intense
national concern for that town and for it`s families and its kids.

As we have been approaching December 14th, which will mark one year
since the massacre at Sandy Hook Elementary, the public officials in
Newtown have twice now organized events for the media to say, in essence,
hey, cover us now, set up your cameras now, ask your questions now, get it
over it, get whatever it is you need to be able to meet the demand for
information about Newtown and this anniversary, but let us do this on our
own terms so we have some control over how inundated we are with media
requests and with the physical presence of the media and with the emotional
toll that that presence takes on the town and its survivors. Let us have
some control over the unending requests to have us interpret our grief for
a national audience.


PAT LLODRA, NEWTOWN FIRST SELECTMAN: We truly are hoping that we have
provided enough opportunity with the print media and the TV media and
particularly the local media, to answer questions and give the media the
story that I know that the world`s going to want to hear on the first

JOHN REED: We went through this at the end of the last school year.
We went through it when we reopened the Sandy Hook School last January. We
went through it when we opened the school year this year. We went through
it when there was an interest in the demolition of Sandy Hook School, and
people we went through it after one of the reports was released that people
are looking for background footage. We went through it even at Halloween,
people were trying to come up to one of our schools to get pictures of the
kids from Sandy Hook School in their Halloween costumes.

LLODRA: There`s many of you and not so many of us so we pay that
emotional and economic toll and really we were hurt very badly last year,
as you all know, we don`t need to be reminded, we don`t need to relive it.
We live it every day. We carry it with us, which are fully aware of our

So, we`re trying to say to the world, please give us a chance to grow
into that really happy healthy place that loves children and families, who
have great schools. We know who we are. We know that that`s our destiny.
But we need you to help us get there by please staying away.

UNIDENTIFIED MALE: You realize we`re not one –


MADDOW: Newtown, Connecticut, does not have a mayor, they have a
board of selectmen and the first selectman is the highest ranking elected
official in the town. That`s the woman speaking there, Pat Llodra. She`s
essentially has tried to absorb the public`s interest, tried to shield the
town from the media, so they can be left alone to mark one year since the
shooting in their own way.

And so, as the media and all of us try to figure out how to do right
by that community, which has been through so much and who we all feel so
much for, there`s also the question of the families themselves. If you
want to support the families of the kids in the school staff members who
were killed at Sandy Hook, there`s nothing wrong with that feeling, if you
want to reach out to them, if you want in some small way to try to help
them, is there a right way to do that that isn`t going cause more harm than
you intend?

If all you want to do is help and you don`t know how to help without
hurting, is there a way to do that? On the same day that city officials in
Newtown held that event for the media that we just showed, the families who
lost their kids or their mom or their sister or their wife at Sandy Hook
Elementary, they also spoke that day in Newtown, Connecticut, yesterday,
and they tried to answer the question of the right way to help, the right
way to address your interest, and your feeling for them and your questions.

If you want to know about each individual person lost that day, if you
want to help them honor their memory in a way that is meaningful and
constructive for the people who love them – well, this Web site which they
unveiled yesterday is one way that the families say you can do that in a
way that help and not hurt. It`s called

The site is a way the families feel comfortable about for people to
learn about their loved ones and their children who were killed. Like that
Jessica Rekos loved killer whales or that Dylan Hockley thought that
lightning was beautiful and he called it beautiful.

The family`s Web site also I think crucially directs you to the
foundations and the causes that the families are supporting or that they
have set up themselves to honor their lost child or their lost family

One of the 6-year-olds lost that day last December was Benjamin
Wheeler. Ben loved Beatles songs, his parents never let him skip a page
when they were reading a book and he was anxiously awaiting the loss of his
first tooth. Ben also loved lighthouses. And so, his family has set up a
foundation in his name called Ben`s Lighthouse. The goal of the foundation
is simply to help the kids of Newtown heal from what happened in their town
last year.

The families of the victims are doing what they can to not only
mediate their own interaction with the world that is so intensively
concerned and interested and full of feeling about what happened, but also
to speak authoritatively with their own voice on their own terms in a way
that means that nobody else can claim to act for them because they are
speaking themselves on their own terms in their own way,



Wheeler. My husband David is with me. We live in Sandy Hook, Connecticut.
David and I had two sons. Our older son Nate, soon to be 10 years old, is
a fourth grader at Sandy Hook Elementary School. Our younger son, Ben, age
6, was murdered in his first grade classroom on December 14th.

being Ben`s parents and that`s complemented and made difficult by being the
best parents we can be for Nate, who has his own journey.

F. WHEELER: Yes, he – Nate said right after Ben died, he said, this
is tough. But he said, you promised you would protect us.


F. WHEELER: And I did promise him that.


F. WHEELER: You know? So what do I say to him? I can`t change what
happened. I know it wasn`t our fault. We just sent him to school, but
I`ll do whatever I can to help protect Nate and protect Ben`s spirit.


MADDOW: David and Francine Wheeler, the parents of Nate and Benjamin.
Ben was 6 years old when he was killed at Sandy Hook Elementary School last

Joining us now for the interview are David and Francine Wheeler.

David and Francine, thank you both so much for being here.

D. WHEELER: Thank you, Rachel.

MADDOW: We are coming up on one year since it happened, and I can`t
imagine that it was an easy decision to make yourselves publicly available
again to talk about this as we come up on one year. How did you make that
decision and how do you feel about that one-year anniversary?

D. WHEELER: We don`t exactly now how we`re going to feel on that day.
I am – I`m all over the map about it. We have decided to focus on Nate
and decided to spend time together as a family. We have decided to
distract ourselves a little bit, see some things we might not otherwise

But, you know, as has happened so often in the past 11 months, we
don`t really know what`s going to happen. So we`re just going to try and
stay open and be kind and be loving and do our best.

F. WHEELER: I think what David is saying is that we can`t really
plan, we just sort of go with our feeling in the moment, you know?


F. WHEELER: So if we plan to do something special, we can always
cancel that or do it later or – so how we`re feeling, like how I`m feeling
right now is sad and angry, but that`s a usual feeling.

MADDOW: Do you feel like looking back at the last year as time has
passed there`s any advice that you would have given yourselves for how to
survive, how to be kind to each other, how do the best that you could in
circumstances over this year?

D. WHEELER: Yes, I would tell myself certainly just take it easy and
don`t always, you know – don`t always believe yourself right away. You
know, take a second and take a step back and see what exactly is going on
and if that`s a good thing or not a good thing. See how you can direct
things in that way.

MADDOW: Sort of feel your instincts but not necessarily follow them

D. WHEELER: That`s a good way to put it, sure.

F. WHEELER: Being gentle with yourself.

D. WHEELER: With everyone.


MADDOW: The decision to be part of the project,
the thing that really strikes me about this is that it is on your own
terms, putting out the information that you want to put out, that you want
to be known, and it is speaking authoritatively in your own voice, nobody
can say that they`re speaking for you because you are speaking for

What is valuable to you about this way of moving forward?

F. WHEELER: It`s an honest way to share with the public, and if your
family, for example, who`s very private but you want to honor your child or
your mom or your wife, this is an opportunity for you to do that in a safe
place. We get all the information. We are in control of the information
that is released to the public. If the public wants to know what the
families are thinking about something, if there`s an answer, and sometimes
we don`t have one, but if we have an answer, that`s a very accurate place
for you to find it.

Where, you know, this is a group of people who respect one another and
have come to realize that we can lean on each other. Because we understand
how the other people feel.

MADDOW: In a way that nobody else really does?

F. WHEELER: That`s right.

MADDOW: This is a separate initiative, this Web site, done by some of
the Sandy Hook Promise.

D. WHEELER: Completely separate.

MADDOW: And Sandy Hook Promise has also been doing, some initiatives
they`ve been doing. Parent together, to try to turn things in a
constructive way that could help other communities. That work is also
informed by some of the families at least and it seems like everybody`s
sort of working together hand in hand, but doing different things going in
some different directions.

D. WHEELER: Well, the creation of Web site was
a very healing experience for me and I think it was very healing for a
number of the people involved so that`s been good. And that is, as you
said, it`s a separate and completely distinct initiative from the families
alone. Some of the things we talked about in January are ideas that have
been put forward by the parent together program from Sandy Hook Promise.

But they certainly reason – resonate with what I believe and some of
the things we talked about. The idea being that a parent or a grandparent,
their love for their children is such a strong area of common ground that
we can actually put aside political division and we can actually put aside
this inability to make any progress and talk about something that everyone
can agree on. It`s a terrific place to start. I think it`s really

MADDOW: David, one of the things that you said in January, I went
back and I read the full transcripts of our whole conversations that day.
One of the things you said struck me in that you were talking about policy
changes and if there`s going to be any policy changes in reaction to the
nation`s grief over what happened. You said at that time. Listen, the
kind of policy changes we need is going to take longer than the careers of
any legislators who exist right now.

We need to do things that are going to get us on course for a long
time and not getting stuff done right now does not worry.

You still feel that way?

D. WHEELER: I do. I absolutely do. The legislative part of it is
really important. It still is, and April was a disappointment when we were
in Washington and things didn`t go the way we hoped they might.

But this is a bigger matter than that. This is a matter of parents
talking together and communicating together in a way that supersedes any
particular ideological boundary. I mean, you know, one of the things that
the promise did recently was to talk to parents of all ideologies and many,
many different faiths all over the country, and it is not surprising that
when they started talking about parents desire to make the country safer
for their children, everyone is in agreement.


D. WHEELER: It`s a very simple, common place to start.

MADDOW: Well, we`ve got links to and also to
the Sandy Hook Promise and some of what they`re doing, posted on our Web
site tonight.

And I just want to thank you personally for having these conversations
with me. Whenever you want to talk about anything, open door and I`m –
it`s an honor that you guys are willing to be here. Thanks. Good to have
you here.

D. WHEELER: Thanks.

MADDOW: We`ll be right back.


MADDOW: In the middle of the financial meltdown in 2008 and 2009, it
looked like General Motors was going to go kaput. As part of the overall
rescue effort for the financial system in the U.S. economy, the federal
government decided to try to save G.M. with a bailout. And conservatives
knew at the time, they just knew that it was going to be a total disaster.
There was no way that the government could save G.M.


SEN. RICHARD SHELBY (R), ALABAMA: It`s just postponing the
inevitable. This is a dead-end. It`s a road to nowhere.

REP. TED POE: You can`t call it a bailout, because that might be too
honest a statement to our citizens, so we call it a bridge loan. Actually,
it`s a bridge loan to nowhere. Hey, does anybody really think the federal
government knows anything about the car business?

SEN. LAMAR ALEXANDER (D), TENNESSEE: You know what`s going to happen?
Congressmen are going to be causing the president of General Motors to
drive his hybrid car to Washington to talk about hiring your grandmother,
what kind of car you`re going to have, what you`re going to paint it, where
you`re going to buy your engine. They`re not going to be having time to
making any cars.


MADDOW: Hiring your grand – despite his worries about you lobbying
for your grandmother to get hired down of the auto plant, Senator Lamar
Alexander and the other dooms saying Republicans back then were wrong. As
of yesterday, the U.S. government has now sold off the last of its shares
in G.M. So, the bailout is officially over. You can factor in the cost of
the bailout initially, minus what we got back when we sold the stock.

The taxpayer cost was about $10.5 billion to save G.M., which was a
real bargain in the end. The Center for Automotive Research has now
reported that the government – that if the government had decided not to
bail out G.M. in 2009, it would have cost the U.S. economy almost 1.9
million jobs that year and the next.

Lost tax revenues, unemployment benefits and other safety net programs
for those 2 million unemployed people would have added another nearly $40
billion in costs to the taxpayers.

So, we can see now this retrospect that was the choice, right? Don`t
bail out G.M. and it will cost you 2 million and $40 billion or do bailout
G.M. and it will cost $10.5 billion, but the American auto industry will be
saved. G.M. will be the biggest or one of the biggest car companies in the
world again. Since the bailout, G.M. has now been profitable for 15
straight quarters. G.M. has added thousands of new U.S. jobs and it`s
thinking about paying a dividend to it`s stockholders now because of its
strong growth and because it sitting on so much cash from selling so many
cars that people like, that are made in America.

G.M. is not just alive. G.M. is thriving. Bailout done, bailout

And to add a little historic icing to the cake, G.M. today just named
their new CEO. Her name is Mary Barra and she`s been with General Motors
for 33 years, most recently as head of global product development. Not
only did she work her way up from the bottom rungs of the company, she is
now the first woman to ever lead a major auto company anywhere in the

Mary Barra will be replacing the outgoing CEO of G.M. who is installed
at the time of the government bailout, and whose requirement now coincides
with that government bailout wrapping up as being a success.

One other note, though, of course nobody who got bailed out in the
financial crisis did nearly as well as the big banks and the Wall Street
firms that caused the crisis in the first place. But today those interests
did finally lose a round in Washington. All the key regulatory agencies in
Washington today voted to enact something called the Volcker Rule, which is
hard to spell but easy to understand. It`s named after former Fed Chairman
Paul Volcker. The rule essentially aims to re-establish the old rules that
had been put in place after the Great Depression that said banks can`t
gamble with your money.

Today`s decision will start to put the wall back up between banks,
which are supposed to be safe, and the kind of Wall Street wheeling and
dealing that crashed the global economy in 2008. Banks hate the Volcker
Rule, and they spent years and millions of dollars lobbying against it.
But today, they lost. And the reformers won. It took a while, but it

More to come. Stay with us.


MADDOW: At Nelson Mandela`s memorial service today in Johannesburg,
President Obama was one of five heads of state to speak today. And he was
greeted with a huge ovation.


UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: We would like to now welcome off to the stage
and to the podium and ask him to address us, and that is our very son of
African soil, President Barack Obama!




MADDOW: That cheering, foot stomping roar went on for almost a full
minute before President Obama could deliver his eulogy today. We`ve got
more on that straight ahead.



OBAMA: We will never see the likes of Nelson Mandela again. But let
me say to the young people of Africa, and the young people around the
world, you too can make his life`s work your own.


MADDOW: President Obama today at the memorial service for former
south African President Nelson Mandela. The political reaction in this
country to Mr. Mandela`s death has been one of near universal praise for
him and the example he set throughout his life. And as nice as that
reaction feels, it would be weird and wrong if that reaction obscured the
uncomfortable historical fact that support for Mandela`s political cause,
support even for Nelson Mandela`s personal freedom in his lifetime was no
sure bet in America, especially on the America right.

This is something that sort of disappeared down the memory hall. If
you needed to be reminded of it, you can look no further than the American
far right today. Here, for example, is the cover of this week`s edition of
the “World Net Daily” magazine. They have one.

This is their commemorative Nelson Mandela edition. See? Icon. Get

Nelson Mandela was a con man. A communist wolf in sheep`s clothing
who managed to fool the world. He was a con artist.

“World Net Daily” ran an online poll last week after Mr. Mandela
passed, asking their readers, how do you assess the life and work of Nelson

The leading response was this one, “He was a violent communist
revolutionary who never should have been released from prison.” Wow.

In the mid-1980s, as most of the American political world was rallying
to Mandela`s side and uniting against the South African government, the
political right in this country was in the midst of a big civil war on this
issue. The Republican president at that time, Ronald Reagan, was adamantly
opposed to sanctions against the apartheid government. He had serious
backup from the religious right, which amazingly found itself in solidarity
with South Africa`s racist government.

Democratic members of Congress were drawing up sanctions against South
Africa`s racist apartheid government. And there was the Reverend Jerry
Falwell arm in arm with South Africa`s president.


REPORTER: Falwell will return to the United States urging American
companies to invest in South Africa and urging the Senate to vote against
economic sanctions next month.


MADDOW: Urging investment in South Africa, not divestment, but

At that point, Nelson Mandela had been in jail for more than 20 years.
And American conservatives, primarily on the religious right, were leading
the charge against him and his African National Congress, leading the
charge in support of the apartheid government.

It was not just Jerry Falwell. It was also televangelist Pat
Robertson who was taking of the anti-Mandela cause. He said, quote, the
blacks in this country have made this whole matter into an extension of the
civil rights movement. I don`t think they understand what they`re dealing

The religious right was joined by their allies in Congress. Among
them, Republican Senator Jesse Helms of North Carolina who filibustered a
bill in the Senate to impose sanctions against South Africa. There were
also joined by their ally, future vice president, Dick Cheney, who was then
just a back bench Republican congressman from Wyoming, but one who was
willing to take a stand against sanctions and divestment.

The conservative Heritage Foundation argued in the 1980s that the U.S.
should stop advocating for the release of Nelson Mandela. President
Reagan, of course, vetoed the sanctions bill against South Africa.
Eventually his veto was overridden by Congress, including by Republicans
who disagreed with him. Those sanctions did put extraordinary pressure on
the South African government and Nelson Mandela was released from prison
after 27 years.

And even though it may seem now that opposing Nelson Mandela,
something that couldn`t have happened in this country, it did. And it
didn`t go away. When Nelson Mandela came to the U.S. in 1994 to deliver a
joint address to Congress, one Republican congressman from California
called the invitation to Mandela, a national disgrace. And Jesse Helms,
one who filibustered the bill that called for Nelson Mandela`s release,
Jesse Helms turned his back on Nelson Mandela and his visit to the U.S.

That history has been mostly lost down the memory hole, but on days
like this an uncomfortable thing to remember. But it is the truth.


Thanks for being with us tonight.


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