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Pope Francis celebrated with mass tango

Pope Francis celebrated with mass tango

12/17/14 09:54PM

Rachel Maddow reports on an especially big day for Pope Francis who is not only credited with brokering a historic deal between the U.S. and Cuba, but who also celebrated his birthday, with thousands turning out to tango in St. Peter's Square. watch

US points at North Korea on Sony hack, threat

US points at North Korea on Sony hack, threat

12/17/14 09:26PM

David Sanger, national security correspondent for the New York Times, talks with Rachel Maddow about the degree of certainty of the U.S. assessment that North Korea is behind the hack of Sony Pictures and the subsequent terror threat against movie... watch

Time to update your diplomacy list

Time to update your diplomacy list

12/17/14 09:24PM

Rachel Maddow lists the few countries with whom the United States does not have diplomatic relations, a list now one country shorter as President Obama has announced the re-opening of relations with Cuba. watch

Spying, skullduggery permeate US/Cuba history

Spying, skullduggery permeate US/Cuba history

12/17/14 09:00PM

Rachel Maddow revisits the history of spying and counter spying between the United States and Cuba, including the conviction of the Cuban Five, behind the prisoner exchange that was a key component of the re-opening of diplomatic relations. watch

Ahead on the 12/17/14 Maddow show

12/17/14 07:29PM

Tonight's guests:

  • Michael Beschloss, NBC News presidential historian
  • David Sanger, chief Washington correspondent for The New York Times
  • Alan Gomez, USA Today immigration reporter

And here's executive producer Cory Gnazzo with what's coming up tonight:

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Wednesday's Mini-Report, 12.17.14

12/17/14 05:30PM

Today's edition of quick hits:
 
* Welcome home: "The U.S. contractor who was freed Wednesday after five years in captivity in Cuba expressed support for restoring normal relations between the U.S. and Cuba, and celebrated his return to American soil. 'What a blessing it is to be a citizen of this country,' Alan Gross said in a short speech from his lawyer's Washington, D.C. office."
 
* Russia: "Trading in the Russian ruble was volatile early Wednesday morning, rallying briefly on news that the Finance Ministry was ready to sell some of its foreign currency reserves, and then weakening again."
 
* The day after: "Pakistan's army and intelligence chiefs traveled to Afghanistan on Wednesday to seek help locating the Pakistani Taliban commanders responsible for the massacre of students at a school here in Peshawar the day before, officials said."
 
* New York: "Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo's administration announced on Wednesday that it would ban hydraulic fracturing in New York State because of concerns over health risks, ending years of uncertainty over the disputed method of natural gas extraction."
 
* A surprising retreat: "Sony Pictures has decided to pull their upcoming comedy 'The Interview' from distribution amid security concerns and reports that the five largest movie theater chains in the U.S. had decided to hold off on screening the film."
 
* Arizona: "The U.S. Supreme Court on Wednesday blocked the state of Arizona from enforcing a policy that denies driver's licenses to young immigrants granted legal status by President Barack Obama in 2012."
 
* As if the White House beat wasn't busy enough today: "President Obama granted clemency to 20 individuals -- including 12 pardons and eight commutations."
 
* No rush: "The Federal Reserve on Wednesday said it would be "patient" in deciding when to begin to increase interest rates, suggesting that the recent burst of positive U.S. economic data hasn't moved up widely-expected plans to begin to raise rates sometime next year."
 
* Does Russia's economic crisis threaten the U.S. economy? Not exactly. In fact, it might even help us a little, at least in the short term.
President Barack Obama speaks at an event on Oct. 2, 2014 in Evanston, Ill. (Photo by Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty)

The 'Obama refuses to lead' crowd falls silent

12/17/14 04:56PM

Kevin Drum pauses today to take stock of the recent actions from President Lame Duck.
So how have things been going for our bored, exhausted, and disengaged president? He's been acting pretty enthusiastic, energized, and absorbed with his job, I'd say.
It's funny, in a way, to think about how long ago the midterm elections seem. Seven weeks ago, President Obama was apparently supposed to be a defeated man, crushed by an electoral rebuke, pushed into irrelevancy by an ascendant far-right majority in Congress. It was up to the White House, the Beltway said, to start looking for new ways to make Republicans happy.
 
There's a script that lame-duck presidents are supposed to follow, and gosh darn it, Obama would be expected to play by the rules, slipping further and further out of frame.
 
But given today's developments, it's striking to realize what the president has done over the 58 days since the midterms.
 
Obviously, there's today's historic announcement about U.S. policy towards Cuba. There's also Obama's breakthrough climate agreement with China, the successful secret mission that freed American prisoners in North Korea, and the sharp reduction of prisoners at Guantanamo Bay.
 
And that's just foreign policy. Closer to home, the president has unveiled a major new immigration policy that will bring new hope to 5 million immigrants; he's taken the lead on net neutrality; and he's scored a series of confirmation victories in the closing days of the Senate.
 
All of this comes against the backdrop of an improving job market, a highly successful ACA open-enrollment period, falling gas prices, a Russian crisis that arguably benefits the United States, and the number of Ebola cases in the United States falling to zero.
 
The White House's many critics don't want to hear this, but if Obama were a Republican, it's likely we'd be inundated with coverage about how "President Comeback just got his mojo back."
Image: Marco Rubio

Rubio struggles with condemnations of Obama's Cuba policy

12/17/14 04:00PM

The politics of President Obama's new U.S. policy towards Cuba does not fall neatly along partisan lines. Plenty of Republicans and the U.S. Chamber of Commerce are celebrating the White House's announcement, while a handful of Democrats, most notably Sen. Bob Menendez (D-N.J.), aren't at all pleased.
 
But among all critics, few have been as vocal and visible today as Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.), who's been apoplectic about the administration's breakthrough. That's not unexpected, though the far-right senator's complaints seem deeply flawed and poorly thought out.
 
In an official written statement, for example, the Florida Republican called the White House's shift "inexplicable."
"While business interests seeking to line their pockets, aided by the editorial page of The New York Times, have begun a significant campaign to paper over the facts about the regime in Havana, the reality is clear."
It almost sounds as if Rubio thinks "business interests" -- in this case, farmers and Rubio's allies at the U.S. Chamber of Commerce -- should accept limits on free enterprise, even as other countries trade with an American neighbor. Doesn't the senator usually see "business interests" as "job creators"?
"But most importantly, the regime's brutal treatment of the Cuban people has continued unabated. Dissidents are harassed, imprisoned and even killed. Access to information is restricted and controlled by the regime."
Right, and that's after 54 years of the exact same U.S. policy. How many more decades of a failed policy would Rubio recommend to improve the conditions of the Cuban people? Isn't it at least possible that Cubans will benefit from better relations and expanded opportunities with the United States?
 
Rubio later said Obama's moves "will tighten" the Castro regime's grip on power "for decades." I suppose that's possible, but my follow-up question for the senator is simple: hasn't the Castro regime already had a tight grip on power for decades? Has the old, ineffective U.S. policy weakened that grip in any way whatsoever?
 
Rubio then raised concerns that normalized relations won't address Cuba's human rights record, which is an odd argument coming from a senator who was defending torture just last week.
President Barack Obama speaks at an event on Oct. 2, 2014 in Evanston, Ill. (Photo by Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty)

Obama announces dramatic shift in U.S./Cuba policy

12/17/14 12:44PM

For more than a half-century, the United States has had one policy towards Cuba. The policy been embraced by presidents in both parties, it's been unwavering, and it's been entirely consistent.
 
It's also failed miserably.
 
U.S. foreign policy towards Cuba has been built on a foundation of isolation: as a result of Fidel Castro's regime, Americans have imposed a tough trade embargo on the island nation 90 miles from U.S. soil, while maintaining no diplomatic ties. The idea from the outset was to use this isolation to strangle the oppressive Cuban government, but in practice, it's done nothing of the sort.
 
But year after year, election after election, both parties were too afraid of the political consequences to suggest a change. Everyone just went along, keeping the woefully ineffective policy in place. It hasn't produced any tangible results for the last 54 years, but maybe if we stick with it, eventually the policy will succeed.
 
It would take real leadership to change course and adopt a more sensible policy. President Obama offered that leadership today.
In a surprise move, President Obama planned to announce on Wednesday that Washington is moving to restore full diplomatic relations with Havana, following the release of imprisoned American aid worker Alan Gross.
 
President Obama and Cuban President Raul Castro spoke yesterday on the phone for 45 minutes to "review and finalize" the plan, according to senior administration officials.
 
High-level negotiations between Washington and Havana began last spring, facilitated by the Canadian government and the Vatican. Pope Francis personally intervened, sending a letter to Presidents Obama and Raul Castro urging the release of Gross and the three Cubans imprisoned in U.S., and calling for closer relations, according to senior administration officials.
It would be up to Congress to lift the decades-old embargo -- an unlikely step given Republican control of the House and Senate -- but that doesn't make today's developments any less significant.
 
On the contrary, this is among the most significant breakthroughs for U.S. foreign policy in a generation.

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