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Ahead on the 10/13/14 Maddow show

10/13/14 06:56PM

Tonight's guests:

  • Sam Stein, senior political editor and White House correspondent at the Huffington Post
  • Dr. Angela Hewlett, infectious diseases physician at the Nebraska Medical Center who helped treat Ebola patient Richard Sacra 

After the jump, executive producer Cory Gnazzo offers a preview of what we're working on...

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Monday's Mini-Report, 10.13.14

10/13/14 05:30PM

Today's edition of quick hits:
 
* CDC: "The second diagnosis of Ebola in the United States means that 'we have to rethink the way we address Ebola infection control,' the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Director Dr. Tom Frieden said Monday."
 
* White House: "President Obama is meeting Monday afternoon with senior members of his administration for a briefing on U.S. efforts to combat Ebola after tests revealed a second case in Dallas.... Obama is also receiving an update on 'broader efforts to ensure the preparedness of our national health infrastructure,' according to the White House."
 
* Iraq: "Kobani is still holding out against ISIS, the top Kurdish official in the besieged Syria border city said Monday -- but a senior U.S. defense official warned that American air strikes may not be enough to save it from falling to militants."
 
* An evolving story out of Turkey: "A day after American officials said Turkey had agreed to allow its air bases to be used for operations against the Islamic State, which they described as a deal that represented a breakthrough in tense negotiations, Turkish officials said on Monday that there was no deal yet, and that talks were still underway."
 
* Saturday's protests: "A few thousand protesters participated in a 'Justice for All' march in St. Louis on Saturday, one of the largest and most diverse gatherings since activism began over the Aug. 9 police shooting of unarmed black teen Michael Brown."
 
* Sunday's protests: "What began as an interfaith service meant to bring a bruised community together in the wake of Michael Brown's death instead exposed the fissures of a movement of young activists who feel frustrated by the black establishment."
 
* When Sen. Pat Roberts (R-Kan.) talks about Kansans who've lost coverage under the Affordable Care Act, he appears to have absolutely no idea what he's talking about.
 
* Ugh: "House Speaker Thom Tillis, the Republican nominee for U.S. Senate in North Carolina, once released a statement that said federal and state governments had 'redistributed' 'trillions of dollars over the years' -- amounting to 'de facto reparations.'"
Rep. Duncan Hunter, R-Calif., participates in a news conference.

The 'ISIS crossing the border' claims look a little worse

10/13/14 05:03PM

It's been about a week since Rep. Duncan Hunter (R-Calif.) told a national television audience that Islamic State militants entered the United States through the Southern border. Literally every shred of publicly available evidence points in the exact opposite direction, but the far-right congressman claims to have secret evidence that Hunter -- and Hunter alone -- is solely aware of.
 
Pressed further, the congressman's office clarified that all 10 ISIS fighters didn't come at the same time, and one of Hunter's aides said 4 of the 10 were identified by to Rep. Jason Chaffetz (R-Utah). But Chaffetz apparently isn't backing Hunter up -- consider this exchange between the Utah Republican and Wolf Blitzer.
BLITZER: So I want you to react because you've been briefed on what's going on. First of all, do you believe his initial statement [from Duncan Hunter] that there have been 10 ISIS terrorists who actually crossed the border into the United States?
 
CHAFFETZ: I'm not personally and directly aware of that. What I am personally and directly aware of is that there were four terrorists, people tied to the PKK, came out of Turkey, flew to Mexico City, came north with coyotes.
The details matter, so let's clarify matters. As DHS Secretary Jeh Johnson has explained, four members of the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK) were apprehended after crossing the U.S.-Mexico border. They were arrested, detained, and in the process of being deported.
 
But (a) these guys didn't have ties to terrorism; (b) the Kurdish Workers' Party is actually a fierce enemy of ISIS. I don't mean to sound picky, but when Duncan Hunter says 10 members of ISIS terrorists entered the country, and he points to four guys who aren't terrorists and hate ISIS, the argument seems to fall apart.
 
For that matter, when Hunter's ally is asked about the Republican congressman's claim, and the a ally chooses not to endorse the assertions, it's safe to say Hunter has been hung out to dry.
Leon Panetta listens to a question during at a news conference at the Pentagon, Thursday, Sept. 27, 2012.

Panetta looks for the 'heart of a warrior'

10/13/14 04:17PM

Former Defense Secretary Leon Panetta continues to aggressively hawk his book, which generally means running to every news outlet he can find in order to criticize President Obama on the eve of the 2014 midterm elections. If the former Pentagon chief's goal was to get people talking, it worked -- just about every Republican candidate in the nation has suddenly discovered just how much they love Leon Panetta.
 
Though I haven't read his book, I have seen a wide variety of interviews in which Panetta has made his pitch, and on a purely substantive level, his arguments seem deeply flawed. As we discussed the other day, Panetta has blamed Obama's withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq for the chaos gripping much of the country, even after he strongly defended Obama's withdrawal policy, repeatedly, characterizing a residual force as an impossibility.
 
The former Defense Secretary has complained about U.S. policy in Syria, conveniently overlooking Obama's successes in ridding Syria of its chemical-weapons stockpiles -- weapons that now can't fall into the hands of Islamic State militants. Making matters slightly worse, Panetta has also complained about Obama going to Congress last year before intervention in Syria, even while complaining about Obama not going to Congress this year before intervention in Syria.
 
Panetta has even whined about sequestration budget cuts, blaming the ridiculous policy on the president for reasons that seem entirely at odds with reality.
 
Yesterday, Panetta's complaints devolved just a little further on CBS's "Face the Nation."
President Barack Obama and everyone in Washington must "get into the ring" to stop gridlock in the nation's capital, Leon Panetta says. [...]
 
In his book, Panetta makes comments about how Obama "approaches things like a law professor in presenting a logic of his position." While he agrees that it's good to have "a president who thinks through the issues," Panetta said it's not enough to make a great and effective commander in chief. "Presidents need to also have a heart of a warrior," Panetta said.
Which was right around the time I found it necessary to stop watching.
A woman casts her ballot during early voting, Oct., 26, 2010, in Atlanta, Ga.

Civil rights groups sue over Ga. voter backlog

10/13/14 12:53PM

Georgia may be considered a reliably "red" state in the Deep South, but this year, it's home to two closely watched, highly competitive statewide races. In fact, recent polling suggests Georgia' U.S. Senate race and gubernatorial race may even go to a runoff.
 
It makes lawsuits like these all the more important. Sarah Wheaton reported late Friday:
A coalition of civil rights organizations on Friday sued the Georgia secretary of state's office and five counties over an alleged backlog of 40,000 voter registration forms. [...]
 
Filed in Fulton County Superior Court, the suit asks a judge to order the counties and Secretary of State Brian Kemp to immediately process the remaining forms.
If you saw Rachel's segment on this on Thursday, you probably have a sense of why this is such a big deal, but let's recap for those just joining us.
 
Voter-suppression efforts have been a scourge in recent years for much of the country, but it's proving to be especially problematic in Georgia. Secretary of State Brian Kemp (R), Georgia's top elections official, was recorded over the summer expressing concern, for example, about Democrats "registering all these minority voters that are out there." Kemp also subpoenaed the New Georgia Project, which happens to be the driving force behind the state's largest voter-registration campaign, for reasons that appear quite dubious.
 
But it's the voter-registration materials that may ultimately matter most. According to the New Georgia Project, the group has submitted "more than 80,000 new voter applications to county election boards." But as Election Day nears, the New Georgia Project says roughly half of these new voters, some of whom registered months ago, are not yet on the voter rolls.
 
And if these Georgians aren't on the voter rolls, they may not be able to cast a ballot that counts. With early voting beginning statewide today, it's a problem in need of an immediate resolution.

Monday's Campaign Round-Up, 10.13.14

10/13/14 12:02PM

Today's installment of campaign-related news items that won't necessarily generate a post of their own, but may be of interest to political observers:
 
* In Iowa's U.S. Senate race, the new Des Moines Register/Bloomberg Politics Iowa Poll shows Joni Ernst (R) leading Bruce Braley (D) by just one point, 47% to 46%. The same poll, generally considered the most reliable in the Hawkeye State, showed Ernst with a six-point lead a couple of weeks ago.
 
* As if South Dakota's U.S. Senate race wasn't quite odd enough, oppo is starting to drop against Larry Pressler, though we don't know which side is dropping it. We learned over the last few days, for example, that the former senator's principal residence is in Washington, D.C., not South Dakota. Also, Pressler "sat on the board of a brokerage firm, Sky Capital, that defrauded investors of $140 million over an eight-year period."
 
* In Georgia, the latest Landmark Communications poll shows a Senate race that's all tied up, with David Perdue (R) and Michelle Nunn (D) each getting 46% support. The same poll also shows a gubernatorial race that's tied, with incumbent Gov. Nathan Deal (R) and Jason Carter (D) getting 45% each.
 
* In Michigan, the latest Fox 2 Detroit/Mitchell Poll shows Gov. Rick Snyder (R) with a one-point lead over Rep. Mark Schauer (D), 47% to 46%. Though it seems hard to believe, the same poll shows Gary Peters (D) leading Terri Lynn Land (R) in their Senate race by just five points, 48% to 43%.
 
* In San Diego, home to one of the nation's most competitive U.S. House races, Republican Carl DeMaio has been accused of sexual harassment by one of his former staffers. DeMaio denies the allegations.
 
* Speaking of high-profile House races, the DCCC is dropping its ad buys in support of Andrew Romanoff in Colorado's 6th district. It suggests Democrats are either very optimistic about Romanoff's chances against Rep. Mike Coffman (R) or very pessimistic. (I'm guessing the latter.)
President Barack Obama speaks at the White House in Washington,D.C. on Sept. 26, 2014.

Krugman: Obama among the most 'successful presidents in American history'

10/13/14 11:44AM

Paul Krugman would never be mistaken for an Obama cheerleader. When President Obama was riding high, enjoying broad support and high poll numbers, it was Krugman who was discouraged, offering substantive criticism and words of caution. In late 2007, the then-senator's campaign team was so irritated with Krugman that Obama's aides dropped an oppo document on him.
 
Six years later, it's interesting to see how much the roles have reversed. The president's support has clearly faltered. Much of the country either blames him for tumultuous events, refuses to credit him for national progress, or both. But it's Krugman who's come around -- much of the American mainstream has turned on Obama, for reasons that may not be entirely rational, but it's the Nobel laureate offering a spirited defense of the president in a Rolling Stone cover story.
... Obama faces trash talk left, right and center – literally – and doesn't deserve it. Despite bitter opposition, despite having come close to self-inflicted disaster, Obama has emerged as one of the most consequential and, yes, successful presidents in American history. [...]
 
This is what a successful presidency looks like. No president gets to do everything his supporters expected him to. FDR left behind a reformed nation, but one in which the wealthy retained a lot of power and privilege. On the other side, for all his anti-government rhetoric, Reagan left the core institutions of the New Deal and the Great Society in place. I don't care about the fact that Obama hasn't lived up to the golden dreams of 2008, and I care even less about his approval rating. I do care that he has, when all is said and done, achieved a lot. That is, as Joe Biden didn't quite say, a big deal.
Krugman's piece goes into considerable detail -- on the economy, on health care, on Wall Street reform, on climate -- but the broader takeaway is that the New York Times columnist is saying what much of the country is not: that Obama's presidency has been a great success. The praise is qualified at times, but it's nevertheless enthusiastic.
 
Indeed, Krugman sat down yesterday with ABC's Jonathan Karl, arguing that in his "ranking of consequential presidents, at least in modern history," he would put FDR on top, followed by LBJ, then Obama, then Reagan.
 
"Bill Clinton is an incredibly gifted politician," Krugman added. "Bill Clinton, in a room, and it doesn't matter how many people are in the room, you think he's talking to you. But in fact Bill Clinton was not a consequential president. And Obama, although clearly not the natural politician, he is a consequential president."
Joni Ernst

Ernst: there's 'no sense' in a congressional vote on ISIS

10/13/14 11:06AM

It's been over two months since the United States started launching airstrikes against Islamic State targets, and the preliminary results aren't encouraging. The Washington Post reported over the weekend that the military offensive "has gotten off to a rocky start, with even the Syrian rebel groups closest to the United States turning against it, U.S. ally Turkey refusing to contribute and the plight of a beleaguered Kurdish town exposing the limitations of the strategy."
 
These might ordinarily be the sort of developments that would warrant scrutiny from Congress. Is the U.S. policy effective? Is there a smarter approach? What can the public expect in the way of results in the short- and long-term future?
 
But that scrutiny, at least for now, is nonexistent. Congress gave itself another 54-day vacation, and members have never authorized the military campaign that's currently underway -- a detail that most lawmakers seem to find irrelevant. Maybe Congress will have a debate during the lame-duck session in November, but as far as the House GOP leadership is concerned, it can wait.
 
To their credit, a small group of lawmakers has said Congress should promptly return to session in order to meet its constitutional obligations. Indeed, at a Senate debate in Iowa over the weekend, Rep. Bruce Braley (D) argued, "I think Congress should go back into session and have a broader and longer conversation about the nature of our involvement" in the Middle East.
 
Joni Ernst's (R) response was amazing, even by Joni Ernst standards:
"Yes, we knew this threat was there months and months and months ago and this decision could have been made earlier this year so there's no sense in calling Congress back now when this decision could have been made several months ago."
The quote comes by way of a Democratic group that recorded the debate.
 
It's the sort of comment that raises serious questions about Ernst's basic competence as someone seeking an important federal office. If the right-wing state lawmaker had said she's confident President Obama already has the legal authority he needs, so Congress does not need to hold a debate or a vote, there would at least be a degree of substantive consistency to the position.
 
But Ernst is making a very different argument. The far-right Iowan believes "there's no sense" in having lawmakers meet their obligations under the Constitution now, because they could have met their obligations months ago and didn't.
A view of Capitol Hill on Oct. 3, 2013 in Washington, D.C. (Photo by Brendan Smialowski/AFP/Getty)

Republicans won't 'temper their policies' following success

10/13/14 10:20AM

In late 2010, after the midterm elections but before far-right Republicans took office, a variety of pundits made confident predictions about GOP modesty. Americans need not fear Republican extremism, many commentators said at the time, because GOP officials realized they would have no choice but to be constructive and open to compromise.
 
Shortly after the 2010 midterms, for example, David Brooks insisted that Republicans were feeling "cautious." They're "sober," the center-right columnist said, adding that the GOP wouldn't "overreach." The same week, Jacob Weisberg made a similar prediction, arguing that GOP leaders "will feint right while legislating closer to the center." These Republicans, he added, "don't think working with Democrats is evil. On the big picture tax and budget issues, they plan compromise with President Obama."
 
We now know, of course, that these predictions were painfully inaccurate, and the 2010 elections helped propel Republican politics to radicalism unseen in the United States since the 19th century. But some in media are reluctant to learn the appropriate lessons.
 
Take, for example, the Denver Post's endorsement of far-right Rep. Cory Gardner (R) in Colorado's U.S. Senate race.
If Gardner wins, of course, it could mean the Senate has flipped to Republicans. However, that doesn't mean it will simply butt heads with President Obama as the Republican House has done. As The Wall Street Journal's Gerald Seib recently pointed out, "A look back shows that eras of evenly divided power -- Congress fully controlled by one party, the presidency by the other -- have turned out to be among the most productive" because both sides temper their policies.
The Denver Post's editorial is among the strangest pieces of political analysis published in 2014. The paper's editorial board included sloppy factual errors; it glossed over the issues on which the editors are convinced the congressman is wrong; it lamented Washington gridlock while choosing to ignore Gardner's role in making matters worse; and it complained about Sen. Mark Udall (D) pointing to aspects of Gardner's record that happen to be true.
 
But it's this notion that radicalized Republicans will become less extreme once voter reward them that stands out as genuinely bizarre.
Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker speaks at the Republican party of Wisconsin State Convention Saturday, May 3, 2014, in Milwaukee.

Walker struggles to defend Wisconsin voting restrictions

10/13/14 09:30AM

Wisconsin's voter-ID law is such a fiasco, it's hard not to wonder sometimes how anyone could defend it. In a debate on Friday night, Gov. Scott Walker (R), who fought to impose voting restrictions before his re-election bid, made his best case.
Walker said that the voter ID law, which the U.S. Supreme Court just blocked from being enforced, is worthwhile if it stops one person from fraudulently casting a ballot.
 
"It doesn't matter if there's one, 100 or 1,000," Walker said. "Amongst us who would be that one person who would like to have our vote canceled out by a vote that was cast illegally?"
This isn't a good argument, but it's important to evaluate in the context of the Republican "war on voting" in general.
 
Walker realizes that there are no documented incidents in modern Wisconsin history of a voter committing voter fraud, at least not in a way that could be prevented by a voter-ID law. The Republican governor also realizes that independent estimates suggest more than 300,000 legal, eligible Wisconsin voters could be disenfranchised by this voter-ID law, which addresses a problem that doesn't exist.
 
But note the calculus Walker makes: disenfranchising 300,000 legal voters is a price he's willing to pay to ensure that one -- not one percent, just one literal individual -- fraudulent-but-hypothetical vote isn't cast. Wisconsin's governor is prepared to create the worst election-related chaos in the nation, on purpose, regardless of the costs or consequences, if it means one individual who might cast a fraudulent vote is prevented from doing so.
 
If this is the best argument Walker can come up with, voter-suppression proponents really need to come up with new talking points.
A wedding cake is seen at a reception for same-sex couples in West Hollywood, Calif., July 1, 2013.

Alaska's ban on marriage equality struck down

10/13/14 09:00AM

Just seven days ago at this time, marriage equality was legal in 19 states and the District of Columbia. It's occasionally surprising what can happen in a week.
 
Take last night, for example, where Alaska's ban on same-sex marriage was struck down by a federal court. Emma Margolin reported:
The nation's oldest voter-approved amendment banning same-sex nuptials has fallen. On Sunday afternoon, a federal judge struck down Alaska's 1998 amendment defining marriage as an institution between one man and one woman. [...]
 
Alaska's was the first ban of its kind, soon replicated in state legislatures across the country, and now the latest casualty in an unprecedented wave of pro-marriage equality rulings, set off by the Supreme Court's decision last year to invalidate the federal Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA).
The Alaska ruling, which is available online here (pdf), was issued by U.S. District Judge Timothy Burgess, who was appointed to the federal bench by George W. Bush.
 
What's more, let's also not forget that late Friday, Supreme Court Justice Anthony Kennedy lifted the temporary stay he'd imposed in this week on marriages in Idaho. This, in turn, allowed an appeals court ruling to go into effect, striking down Idaho's ban against same-sex marriages.
 
And right around the same time, District Court Judge Max Cogburn Jr. struck down North Carolina's gay-marriage ban, clearing the same for immediate same-sex unions in the state.
 
As the dust settles on this extraordinary seven-day stretch, what does the marriage landscape look like now?
U.S. Sen. John McCain (R-AZ) talks to reporters after a closed door briefing June 4, 2014.

McCain hitches his wagon to a czar

10/13/14 08:30AM

The problem emerged in earnest nearly two weeks ago. Rep. Jack Kingston (R-Ga.) condemned the Obama administration for failing to appoint an Ebola "czar" to help coordinate U.S. officials' response. Left unsaid was the fact that Kingston sponsored legislation in 2009 to scrap these "czar" policy coordinators from the executive branch altogether.
 
A week later, Sen. Jerry Moran (R-Kan.) and Rep. Frank Wolf (R-Va.) wrote a joint letter to President Obama, insisting that the White House name an Ebola czar. In 2009, however, both Moran and Wolf co-sponsored Kingston's anti-czar legislation.
 
Yesterday, Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) joined the parade, making these on-air comments to CNN's Candy Crowley.
"[F]rom spending time here in Arizona, my constituents are not comforted. There has to be more reassurance given to them. I would say that we don't know exactly who's in charge. There has to be some kind of czar."
This would be the same John McCain who, in May 2009, complained that President Obama had already appointed too many czars. Indeed, the Arizona Republican argued on Twitter that the president "has more czars than the Romanovs -- who ruled Russia for 3 centuries."
 
There's more than one angle to this story. The first is the obvious hypocrisy of Republicans who desperately want the president to have fewer czars, except when they want him to have more. There's also the fact that a U.S. Surgeon General could certainly play a key leadership role at a moment like this, but a wide variety of senators, including McCain, are blocking a qualified nominee.
 
As for McCain's observation that "we don't know exactly who's in charge," it's unclear what McCain means by "we." Administration officials have already made it quite clear which agencies are focused on responding to the Ebola virus, and Lisa Monaco, a homeland security adviser, is serving as the point person in charge of "interagency response." McCain should probably know that by now.
 
But stepping back, all of this is helping expose a related political problem.
U.S. Senate candidate Rick Weiland speaks at the Democratic Convention Friday evening, June 27, 2014 in Yankton, SD.

GOP reverses course, invests in South Dakota

10/13/14 08:00AM

Last week, in the wake of new polling showing South Dakota's three-way Senate race becoming surprisingly competitive, Republicans said they were unconcerned. Even as the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee reversed course and purchased $1 million in airtime, GOP officials insisted their polls showed former Gov. Mike Rounds (R) "with a low double-digit lead of 11 to 14 percentage points over independent Larry Pressler and Democrat Rick Weiland."
 
It didn't take long for Republicans' confidence to disappear.
The National Republican Senatorial Committee is buying more than $750,000 in ads in South Dakota as they work to counter a $1 million investment from their Democratic counterparts, Politico reports.
 
The money will try to help Republican nominee Mike Rounds' chances in a tight multi-way Senate race -- though it's unclear whether the ads will boost Rounds, attack Democrat Rick Weiland or independent Larry Pressler, or a mix.
It's a timely reminder: there is no bluffing in campaign politics at this point. It doesn't matter what party operatives say; it matters what they do -- or more to the point, where they send the checks. The fact that Republicans are making these expenditures removes all doubt about what the party thinks about this race.
 
The ads, which have not yet been released publicly, will begin airing tomorrow -- just 21 days before Election Day. It will coincide with another pro-Republican ad buy from the American Chemistry Council, which is investing $205,000 in the race, and which will also have commercials hitting South Dakota airwaves starting tomorrow.
 
The interest isn't hard to explain: Republicans need a net gain of six seats to take over control of the U.S. Senate, and when it comes to flipping seats from "blue" to "red," the seats appear to be within the GOP's grasp. But nearly all forecasts pointing to Republican success include a GOP victory in South Dakota -- which was supposed to be one of the year's easiest victories for Republicans, but which is now at risk of slipping away.

More Ebola in TX and other headlines

10/13/14 07:56AM

Confirmation of second Ebola case rattles Dallas. (Dallas Morning News)

Ebola vaccine would likely have been found by now if not for budget cuts: NIH Director. (Huffington Post)

House Democrats pull money from Colorado district that has been a top target. (National Journal)

U.S. says Turkey OKs use of its bases against ISIS. (AP)

A federal judge strikes down Alaska's ban on gay marriage. (Alaska Dispatch News)

State Department ends transgender exclusion from health plan. (Washington Post)

Boston bombing suspect Dzokhar Tsarnaev allegedly knew his brother Tamerlan was involved in a triple homicide in 2011. (Boston Globe)

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This is a temperature map of the "hot Jupiter" class exoplanet WASP 43b. The white-colored region on the daytime side is 2,800 degrees Fahrenheit. The nighttime side temperatures drop to under 1,000 degrees Fahrenheit.

The Week in Geek: Hot Jupiter edition

10/12/14 12:00PM

There are a lot of things we still don't know about the planets around other stars that astronomers have now found by the thousands. We can learn a lot about their host stars because they give off a ton of light thanks to the fusion going on in their cores. However, the planets around them only block, reflect, or absorb and reradiate small fractions of this light. Detecting the presence of the planet is the easy part, but determining what the planet is actually like is a lot more challenging.

A planet orbiting a star will transit (or cross in front of) the star and astronomers can measure the small dip in the star's light to infer the planet's existence. That's how WASP-43b was first discovered in 2011, over 260 light years away from Earth. The "creative" name for this planet is because it was the 43rd planet candidate found by the SuperWASP (Super Wide Angle Search for Planets) survey. The star around which the planet was detected was therefore designated WASP-43 and the planet is given the suffix 'b'. Any subsequent planets discovered will be named 43c, 43d, etc.

Further analysis of how much of its star's light WASP-43b blocks, and how it makes that light shift due its tug on its star enabled astronomers to estimate its size and mass. WASP-43b is roughly the same size as Jupiter, but twice as massive and flying around its star once every 19.2 hours (for comparison Jupiter takes over 11 years to go around our Sun once). Large, Jupiter-sized planets found so close to their stars are termed "Hot Jupiters." And planets that close in and that large are perfect laboratories of sorts for astronomers to learn more about the composition and therefore the formation of planets around other stars. With such a short orbital period, astronomers had the unique opportunity to observe three consecutive "years" on WASP-43b with the Hubble Space Telescope.

Using spectroscopy, scientists were able to determine how much water was present on WASP-43b and at what temperature. It turns out the planet is so hot, that all water is vaporized and held in the upper atmosphere. Furthermore, by seeing the planet rotate, they were able to map the distribution of water vapor from pole to pole on the planet. The amount of water detected on WASP-43b tells us more about the likely composition of the gaseous nebula that it and its star likely formed from. By studying as many planetary systems as possible in this way, astronomers hope to better constrain their understanding of planet formation which could eventually lead to the ability to predict which stars are likely to host the most Earth-like (i.e., habitable) planets.

Here's some geek that took place recently on our planet:

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