Federal Judge Gonzalo Curiel.
Photo by U.S. District Court for the Southern District of California

Trump University case: Who is Federal Judge Gonzalo Curiel?

Updated

Donald Trump has branded him a “hater,” “very hostile” and “Mexican.”

U.S. District Judge Gonzalo Curiel, who’s presiding over two of the three lawsuits against Trump University in San Diego, is clearly now in the cross hairs of the bombastic presumptive Republican presidential nominee.

MSNBC Live with José Díaz-Balart, 6/1/16, 10:08 AM ET

Did Trump University scam students?

Did Trump University mislead and unfairly lure students with overly aggressive marketing techniques? MSNBC’s Ari Melber weighs in on the allegations at play.
But Curiel is no stranger to being targeted — and in the 1990s he was even reportedly on the hit list of a Mexican drug cartel.

“The judge was appointed by Barack Obama,” Trump told a campaign rallyon the same day as a hearing in the case. “I mean frankly, he should recuse himself because he’s given us ruling after ruling after ruling, negative, negative, negative.”On the campaign trail last Friday, Trump lobbed a number of verbal assaults against Curiel, whom Trump slammed for his handling of the case in which his namesake online school is accused of defrauding students.

The judge appeared to take a swipe at Trump that same day by ordering internal Trump University documents to be released as part of a class-action lawsuit. (He is prevented by a judicial code of conduct from responding publicly to the verbal attacks.)

In deciding to release the documents, Curiel simply noted that Trump “has placed the integrity of these court proceedings at issue.”

RELATED: Democrats look to succeed with Trump University attack

It’s a move that will likely keep Curiel at odds with Trump. Here’s what else is known about the veteran jurist:

He’s the son of immigrants.

Curiel was born in East Chicago, Indiana, in 1953, according to the Federal Judicial Center.

During a Senate confirmation hearing in 2012 regarding his appointment as a U.S. District judge, Curiel was described as the son of Mexican immigrants, whose parents came to the United States with an elementary school education.

Trump had referred to Curiel as “Mexican” on Friday — a description that some Latinos say was meant to be disparaging.

Morning Joe, 6/1/16, 7:09 AM ET

Trump: 'Very unfair' judge in Trump University case

Donald Trump addressed the Trump University lawsuit, and specifically the judge, at his news conference yesterday. Willie Geist reviews the testimony of the case and the candidate’s efforts to discredit the judge.
He worked his way up to a judgeship.

After earning his law degree from Indiana University in 1979, Curiel spent the next 10 years in private practice in Indiana and California.

He then served as an assistant U.S. attorney in California’s Southern District, and worked in the Narcotics Enforcement Section before he was appointed in 2006 by then-Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger as a San Diego Superior Court judge.

He oversaw domestic violence cases as well as family court and civil cases.

In 2011, Obama first nominated him to a district judgeship representing the Southern California district in San Diego. He was confirmed the following year by the Senate. He tried over 300 cases at that point, mostly in front of a federal criminal jury.

Before his nomination, he was lauded for his years on the bench.

“He comes to us, in short, as a nominee with impressive — indeed, extraordinary — record of experience, public service, and I look forward to his swift confirmation,” Sen. Richard Blumenthal, D.-Conn., said at the confirmation hearing.

RELATED: The Trump University train wreck jolts presidential race

He was targeted by the Tijuana drug cartel.

When Curiel was part of Narcotics Enforcement, he helped to bring down the Mexican criminal organization run by Benjamín Arellano Félix, who was arrested in 2002 and convicted of running a violent and deadly drug cartel between the U.S. and Mexico.

Before Félix’s arrest, the Los Angeles Times reported that Curiel had been a possible target by the cartel when a top lieutenant was arrested and claimed in a bugged conversation that he was given the go-ahead to assassinate the U.S. prosecutor.

Curiel, who was involved in the extradition of cartel henchmen, was reportedly placed under tight security.

In discussing the case with The New York Times in 2002, Curiel didn’t mention the threats against him, and said that it was useful that he and other prosecutors were of Mexican descent and could speak Spanish.

“When it comes down to it, this involves the country of our parents,” Curiel told the newspaper. 

This story originally appeared on NBCNews.com.

Donald Trump

Trump University case: Who is Federal Judge Gonzalo Curiel?

Updated